REVIEW ARTICLE Interventions to Reduce Sexual Risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Adolescents A Meta-analysis of Trials, 1985-2008 Blair T. Johnson, PhD; Lori A. J. Scott-Sheldon, PhD; Tania B. Huedo-Medina, PhD; Michael P. Carey, PhD Objective: To provide an updated review of the efficacy Main Outcome Measures: Condom use, sexual fre- of behavioral interventions to reduce sexual risk of hu- quency, condom use skills, interpersonal communica- man immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among adolescents. tion skills, condom acquisition, and incident sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Design: We searched electronic databases, leading pub- lic health journals, and the document depository held by Results: Relative to controls, interventions succeeded the Synthesis of HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction Project. Stud- at reducing incident STIs, increasing condom use, re- ies that fulfilled the selection criteria and were available ducing or delaying penetrative sex, and increasing skills as of December 31, 2008, were included. to negotiate safer sex and to acquire prophylactic pro- tection. Initial risk reduction varied depending on sample Setting: Studies that investigated any behavioral inter- and intervention characteristics but did not decay over vention advocating sexual risk reduction for HIV preven- time. tion, sampled adolescents (age range, 11-19 years), mea- sured a behavioral outcome relevant to
JAMA Pediatrics – American Medical Association
Published: Jan 1, 2011
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Already have an account? Log in
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.