ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Influence of Individual and Combined Health Behaviors on Total and Cause-Specific Mortality in Men and Women The United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey Elisabeth Kvaavik, PhD; G. David Batty, PhD; Giske Ursin, MD, PhD; Rachel Huxley, DPhil; Catharine R. Gale, PhD Background: Physical activity, diet, smoking, and Results: During a mean follow-up period of 20 years, 1080 alcohol consumption have been shown to be related to participants died, 431 from cardiovascular diseases, 318 from cancer, and 331 from other causes. Adjusted hazard mortality. We examined prospectively the individual ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for total mor- and combined influence of these risk factors on total tality associated with 1, 2, 3, and 4 poor health behaviors and cause-specific mortality. compared with those with none were 1.85 (95% CI, 1.28- 2.68), 2.23 (95% CI, 1.55-3.20), 2.76 (95% CI, 1.91-3.99), Methods: The prospective cohort study included 4886 and 3.49 (95% CI, 2.31-5.26), respectively (P value for trend, individuals at least 18 years old from a United .001). The effect of combined health behaviors was stron- Kingdom–wide population in 1984 to 1985. A health gest for other deaths and weakest for cancer mortality. Those behavior score was calculated, allocating
JAMA Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Apr 26, 2010
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