Abstract The etiologic relationship of streptococci of the throat to various forms of arthritis has been the subject of many investigations. That streptococci are the cause of arthritis has the firm support of many clinicians and research workers. The difficulties have been in the efforts of some to establish a specific streptococcus for certain types of rheumatic arthritis. The result has been a lack of uniformity in bacteriology in various forms of arthritis. The problems would not be so confusing if satisfactory differential features could be established for so-called rheumatic fever, acute rheumatic polyarthritis, infectious arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis deformans, etc. Three types of streptococci have been described as responsible, isolated either from the blood or joints, or from the responsible infectious foci. They are the hemolytic streptococcus, Streptococcus viridans and an indifferent, nonhemolytic or nonmethemoglobin-forming streptococcus. It is not my purpose to analyze these streptococci in References 1. Jordan, E. P.: The Microbic Etiology of Rheumatic Fever and Arthritis , Arch. Path. 10:79 ( (July) ) 1930. 2. Davis, D. J.: Bacteriology and Pathology of the Tonsils with Especial Reference to Articular, Renal and Cardiac Lesions , J. Infect. Dis. 10:148, 1912.Crossref 3. Andrews, C. H.; Derick, C. L., and Swift, H. F.: Streptococci in Acute Rheumatic Fever with an Analysis of the Antigenic Relationships Existing Among Certain Strains , J. Exper. Med. 43:13, 1926.Crossref 4. Davis, D. J.: Septic Sore Throat , Oxford Medicine, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1920, vol. 2, p. 1. 5. Pilot, I., and Davis, D. J.: Hemolytic Streptococci in the Faucial Tonsil and Their Significance as Secondary Invaders , J. Inct. Dis. 24:389 ( (April) ) 1919. 6. Pilot, I.; Hallman, B., and Davis, D. J.: Human Carriers of Streptococcus Epidemicus , J. Infect. Dis. 47:503 ( (Dec.) ) 1930.Crossref 7. Pilot, I.; Hallman, B., and Davis, D. J.: A Culture Medium for the Isolation of Streptococcus Epidemicus of Septic Sore Throat , J. A. M. A. 95:264 ( (July 26) ) 1930.Crossref 8. Pilot, I., and Davis, D. J.: Tonsillectomy in Carriers of Streptococcus Epidemicus , J. Infect. Dis. 48:501 ( (May) ) 1931.Crossref 9. Zinsser, H., and Yu, H.: The Bacteriology of Rheumatic Fever and the Allergic Hypothesis , Arch. Int. Med. 42:301 ( (Aug.) ) 1928.Crossref 10. Dochez, A. R., and Stevens, F. A.: Allergic Reactions with Strains from Erysipelas , J. Exper. Med. 46:487, 1927.Crossref 11. Kaiser, A. D.: Skin Reactions in Rheumatic Fever , J. Infect. Dis. 42:25 ( (Jan.) ) 1928.Crossref 12. MacKenzie, G. M., and Hanger, F. M.: Allergic Reactions to Streptococcus Antigens , J. Immunol. 13:41, 1927.
Archives of Otolaryngology – American Medical Association
Published: Jan 1, 1932