Abstract In a previous study a systematic bacteriological survey was performed during operation in 20 cases of retinal detachment. The surgical technique used was a scleral buckling with silicone implant and polyester fiber sutures. After preparation of the operative field positive cultures were obtained, in every case, at two or more of the seven culture sites selected.1 These results prompted the taking of a culture in the wound site in all cases of scleral buckling with silicone implant at the termination of the operation, just before closure of Tenon's capsule and conjunctiva. The objective was to alert the surgeon as to the possibility of postoperative infection should the culture grow pathogenic bacteria. The purpose of this paper is to show the frequency of various bacterial contaminants in the wound site at the end of surgery and to discuss the significance of these findings with regard to the occurrence of infection References 1. The bacteriological studies were performed at the Bacteriology Laboratory of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. 2. The significances were obtained by the test for differences of proportion in the normal distribution. Differences were considered significant when the probability that they occurred by chance was less than 5% (P<0.05). 3. Surgical Mask (No. 1800) Minnesota Mining & Mfg. Co., St. Paul. 4. 1" Blenderm Surgical Tape (No. 1525) Minnesota Mining & Mfg. Co. 5. Large Aperture Drape (No. 1030) Minnesota Mining & Mfg. Co. 6. The significances were obtained by the test for differences of proportion in the normal distribution. Differences were considered significant when the probability that they occurred by chance was less than 5% (P<0.05). 7. McMeel, J. W., and Wapner, J. M.: Infections and Retina Surgery: I. Bacteriologic Contamination During Scleral Buckling Surgery , Arch Ophthal 74:42, 1965.Crossref
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Jul 1, 1965
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