Key PointsQuestionAre opioid-naive patients undergoing surgery at increased risk for chronic opioid use? FindingsThis analysis of administrative health claims of 641 941 opioid-naive surgical patients and 18 011 137 opioid-naive nonsurgical patients found that surgery was associated with an increased risk of chronic opioid use among surgical patients. MeaningOpioid-naive patients undergoing surgery are at an increased risk for subsequent chronic opioid use, suggesting that opioid use should be monitored closely in the postoperative period.
JAMA Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Sep 11, 2016