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Histology and Cytochemistry of Human Skin: XXXVI. The Nose and Lips

Histology and Cytochemistry of Human Skin: XXXVI. The Nose and Lips Abstract • The skin of the nose is characterized by the often conspicuously dilated openings of the ducts of many subaceous follicles. Histological sections are dominated by gigantic sebaceous follicles, but there are also numerous vellus hairs with small sebaceous glands. All hair follicles on the surface of the nose and in the vestibule are completely invested with nerve end organs. In the vestibule, the glabrous upper surface has intraepidermal nerves and a few mucocutaneous end organs. The vermilion zone of the lip, which separates the skin of the external lip and the mucosa of the inner lip, is keratinizing glabrous epithelium, often with numerous sebaceous glands in the upper lip. The transitional area between the keratinizing epithelium of the vermilion and the nonkeratinizing epithelium of the labial mucosa is abundantly supplied with mucocutaneous end organs, with only a few in the labial mucosa. The mucoserous glands of the labial mucosa are richly innervated. (Arch Dermatol 112:1235-1244, 1976) References 1. Brody I: Histologie der normalen Haut , in Gans 0 and Steigleder GK (eds): Jadassohn's Handbuch der Haut-und Geschlechtskrankheiten . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, vol 1, 1968, pp 1-789. 2. Horstmann E: Die Haut , in Bargman W (ed): Mollendorff's Handbuch der Mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, vol 3, 1957, pp 1-236. 3. Bloom W, Fawcett DW: A Textbook of Histology , ed 9. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Co, 1968, pp 512, 629. 4. Ham AW: Histology , ed 7. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1975, pp 624-625, 719. 5. Pindborg JJ: Disorders of the oral cavity and lips , in Rook A, Wilkinson DS, Ebling FJG (eds): Textbook of Dermatology , ed 2. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1972, pp 1672-1673. 6. Archard HO: Biology of the human oral integument , in Fitzpatrick TB, Arndt KA, Clark WH Jr, et al (eds): Dermatology in General Medicine . New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co Inc, 1971, pp 760-795. 7. Provenza DV: Fundamentals of Oral Histology and Embryology . Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1972, pp 208-210. 8. Sicher H, Bhaskar SN (eds): Orban's Oral Histology and Embryology , ed 2. St Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1972, pp 221-222, 256. 9. Montagna W, Giacometti L: Histology and cytochemistry of human skin: XXXII. The external ear . Arch Dermatol 99:757-767, 1969.Crossref 10. Montagna W, Ford DM: Histology and cytochemistry of human skin: XXXIII. The eyelid . Arch Dermatol 100:328-335, 1969.Crossref 11. Winkelmann RK: A silver impregnation method for peripheral nerve endings . J Invest Dermatol 24:57-64, 1955. 12. Roman NA, Ford D, Montagna W: The demonstration of cutaneous nerves . J Invest Dermatol 53:328-331, 1969.Crossref 13. Roman N, Perkins SF, Perkins EM, et al: Orcein-hematoxylin in iodized ferric chloride as a stain for elastic fibers, with metanil yellow counterstaining . Stain Technol 42:199-202, 1967. 14. Montagna W, Parakkal PF: The Structure and Function of Skin , ed 3. New York, Academic Press Inc, 1974. 15. Kligman AM, Shelly WB: An investigation of the biology of the human sebaceous gland . J Invest Dermatol 30:99-125, 1958. 16. Kligman AM: An overview of acne . J Invest Dermatol 62:268-287, 1974.Crossref 17. Franke F: Das Pineslhaar: Thysanothrix . Dermatol Wochenschr 55:1269, 1912. 18. Nobl G: Trichostasis spinulosa . Arch Dermatol Syphil 114:611-627, 1913.Crossref 19. Alverdes K: Die Entwicklung der Glandulae vestibulares nasi des Menschen . Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 35:119-145, 1934. 20. Mogi E: Beiträge zur Entaicklung der apokrinen Schweissdrüsen im Vestibulum nasi bei den japanischen Feten . Okajimas Folia Anat Jap 16:147-182, 1938.Crossref 21. Yanagisawa N: Die entwicklung der Hautanhangsorgane im Nasenvorhof und in der Aussenhaut der Nase, insbesonders unter Berücksicktigung der apokrinen-, ekkrinen-, und Talgdrüse . Okajimas Folia Anat Jap 30:129-138, 1957.Crossref 22. Alverdes K: Die apokrinen Drüsen im Vestibulum nasi des Menschen . Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 28:609-643, 1932. 23. Kato S, Magata M: Kurze Mitteilung über die apokrinen Schweissdrüsen im Vestibulum nasi der Chinesen . Okajimas Folia Anat Jap 16:431-444, 1938.Crossref 24. Erickson K, Montagna W: New observations on the anatomical features of the female genitalia . J Am Med Women Assoc 27:573-581, 1972. 25. Miles AEW: Sebaceous glands in oral and lip mucosa , in Montagna W, Ellis RA, Silver AF (eds): Advances in Biology of Skin: The Sebaceous Glands , vol 4. Oxford, Pergamon Press Inc, 1952, pp 46-77. 26. Kölliker A: Über das Vorkommen vor freien Talgdrüsen am Rothen Lippenrande des Menschen . Z Wiss Zool 11:341-343, 1861-1862. 27. Fordyce JA: A peculiar affection of the mucous membrane of the lips and oral cavity . J Cutan Genitourin Dis 14:413-419, 1896. 28. Fordyce JA: Some affections of the oral and nasal cavities which are related to skin diseases . NY Med J 89:465-470, 1909. 29. Winkelmann RK: Nerve Endings in Normal and Pathologic Skin . Springfield, Ill, Charles C Thomas Publisher, 1960, p 57. 30. Goepfert H, Guillamondegui OM, Jesse RH, et al: Squamous cell carcinoma of nasal vestibule . Arch Otolaryngol 100:8-10, 1974.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Histology and Cytochemistry of Human Skin: XXXVI. The Nose and Lips

Archives of Dermatology , Volume 112 (9) – Sep 1, 1976

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1976 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-987X
eISSN
1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1976.01630330005001
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Abstract

Abstract • The skin of the nose is characterized by the often conspicuously dilated openings of the ducts of many subaceous follicles. Histological sections are dominated by gigantic sebaceous follicles, but there are also numerous vellus hairs with small sebaceous glands. All hair follicles on the surface of the nose and in the vestibule are completely invested with nerve end organs. In the vestibule, the glabrous upper surface has intraepidermal nerves and a few mucocutaneous end organs. The vermilion zone of the lip, which separates the skin of the external lip and the mucosa of the inner lip, is keratinizing glabrous epithelium, often with numerous sebaceous glands in the upper lip. The transitional area between the keratinizing epithelium of the vermilion and the nonkeratinizing epithelium of the labial mucosa is abundantly supplied with mucocutaneous end organs, with only a few in the labial mucosa. The mucoserous glands of the labial mucosa are richly innervated. (Arch Dermatol 112:1235-1244, 1976) References 1. Brody I: Histologie der normalen Haut , in Gans 0 and Steigleder GK (eds): Jadassohn's Handbuch der Haut-und Geschlechtskrankheiten . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, vol 1, 1968, pp 1-789. 2. Horstmann E: Die Haut , in Bargman W (ed): Mollendorff's Handbuch der Mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen . Berlin, Springer-Verlag, vol 3, 1957, pp 1-236. 3. Bloom W, Fawcett DW: A Textbook of Histology , ed 9. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Co, 1968, pp 512, 629. 4. Ham AW: Histology , ed 7. Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1975, pp 624-625, 719. 5. Pindborg JJ: Disorders of the oral cavity and lips , in Rook A, Wilkinson DS, Ebling FJG (eds): Textbook of Dermatology , ed 2. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1972, pp 1672-1673. 6. Archard HO: Biology of the human oral integument , in Fitzpatrick TB, Arndt KA, Clark WH Jr, et al (eds): Dermatology in General Medicine . New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co Inc, 1971, pp 760-795. 7. Provenza DV: Fundamentals of Oral Histology and Embryology . Philadelphia, JB Lippincott Co, 1972, pp 208-210. 8. Sicher H, Bhaskar SN (eds): Orban's Oral Histology and Embryology , ed 2. St Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1972, pp 221-222, 256. 9. Montagna W, Giacometti L: Histology and cytochemistry of human skin: XXXII. The external ear . Arch Dermatol 99:757-767, 1969.Crossref 10. Montagna W, Ford DM: Histology and cytochemistry of human skin: XXXIII. The eyelid . Arch Dermatol 100:328-335, 1969.Crossref 11. Winkelmann RK: A silver impregnation method for peripheral nerve endings . J Invest Dermatol 24:57-64, 1955. 12. Roman NA, Ford D, Montagna W: The demonstration of cutaneous nerves . J Invest Dermatol 53:328-331, 1969.Crossref 13. Roman N, Perkins SF, Perkins EM, et al: Orcein-hematoxylin in iodized ferric chloride as a stain for elastic fibers, with metanil yellow counterstaining . Stain Technol 42:199-202, 1967. 14. Montagna W, Parakkal PF: The Structure and Function of Skin , ed 3. New York, Academic Press Inc, 1974. 15. Kligman AM, Shelly WB: An investigation of the biology of the human sebaceous gland . J Invest Dermatol 30:99-125, 1958. 16. Kligman AM: An overview of acne . J Invest Dermatol 62:268-287, 1974.Crossref 17. Franke F: Das Pineslhaar: Thysanothrix . Dermatol Wochenschr 55:1269, 1912. 18. Nobl G: Trichostasis spinulosa . Arch Dermatol Syphil 114:611-627, 1913.Crossref 19. Alverdes K: Die Entwicklung der Glandulae vestibulares nasi des Menschen . Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 35:119-145, 1934. 20. Mogi E: Beiträge zur Entaicklung der apokrinen Schweissdrüsen im Vestibulum nasi bei den japanischen Feten . Okajimas Folia Anat Jap 16:147-182, 1938.Crossref 21. Yanagisawa N: Die entwicklung der Hautanhangsorgane im Nasenvorhof und in der Aussenhaut der Nase, insbesonders unter Berücksicktigung der apokrinen-, ekkrinen-, und Talgdrüse . Okajimas Folia Anat Jap 30:129-138, 1957.Crossref 22. Alverdes K: Die apokrinen Drüsen im Vestibulum nasi des Menschen . Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 28:609-643, 1932. 23. Kato S, Magata M: Kurze Mitteilung über die apokrinen Schweissdrüsen im Vestibulum nasi der Chinesen . Okajimas Folia Anat Jap 16:431-444, 1938.Crossref 24. Erickson K, Montagna W: New observations on the anatomical features of the female genitalia . J Am Med Women Assoc 27:573-581, 1972. 25. Miles AEW: Sebaceous glands in oral and lip mucosa , in Montagna W, Ellis RA, Silver AF (eds): Advances in Biology of Skin: The Sebaceous Glands , vol 4. Oxford, Pergamon Press Inc, 1952, pp 46-77. 26. Kölliker A: Über das Vorkommen vor freien Talgdrüsen am Rothen Lippenrande des Menschen . Z Wiss Zool 11:341-343, 1861-1862. 27. Fordyce JA: A peculiar affection of the mucous membrane of the lips and oral cavity . J Cutan Genitourin Dis 14:413-419, 1896. 28. Fordyce JA: Some affections of the oral and nasal cavities which are related to skin diseases . NY Med J 89:465-470, 1909. 29. Winkelmann RK: Nerve Endings in Normal and Pathologic Skin . Springfield, Ill, Charles C Thomas Publisher, 1960, p 57. 30. Goepfert H, Guillamondegui OM, Jesse RH, et al: Squamous cell carcinoma of nasal vestibule . Arch Otolaryngol 100:8-10, 1974.Crossref

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1976

References