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Hemophilus influenzae Septic Arthritis in Adults: Two Case Reports With Review of Previous Cases

Hemophilus influenzae Septic Arthritis in Adults: Two Case Reports With Review of Previous Cases Abstract INFECTIONS due to Hemophilus influenzae type B occur frequently in children. Infection in adults is uncommon and usually associated with lowered resistance as in agammaglobulinemia, diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, nephrotic syndrome, and trauma.1 The low incidence to infection in the neonate is due to passive transfer of antibody,2 in the adult previous contact gives rise to specific antibody. The H influenzae type B causes meningitis,3 pneumonia,4,5 endocarditis,6-8 pericarditis,9 laryngitis,10 or septic arthritis. There are six previous reports of septic arthritis (Table 1). The present study reports two additional cases, one associated with hypercalcemia. Report of Cases Case 1. —First Admission. —A 37-year-old single, Negro trashman was admitted to Strong Memorial Hospital on Oct 13, 1964, because of pain in the right hip. Thirty days before while the patient was at work his right ilium was struck anteriorly by a garbage can as he negotiated a narrow passageway. He had immediate pain References 1. Merselis, J.G., Jr., et al: Hemophilus Influenza Meningitis in Adults , Arch Intern Med 110:837, 1962.Crossref 2. Fothergill, L.D., and Wright, J.: Influenzal Meningitis: Relation of Age Incidence to Bactericidal Power of Blood Against Causal Organism , J Immun 24:273, 1933. 3. Kaplan, N.M., and Brande, A.E.: Hemophilus Influenza Injection in Adults , Arch Intern Med 101:515, 1958.Crossref 4. Crowell, J., and Loulse, S.D.: Primary Hemophilus Influenza Pneumonia , Arch Intern Med 93:921, 1924.Crossref 5. Kaufman, J.A.: Report of Proved Fulminating Hemophilus Influenza Pneumonia in Adults With Recovery , Dis Chest 38:199, 1960.Crossref 6. Goetz, F.C., and Peterson, E.W.: Endocarditis Due to Hemophilus Influenza , Amer J Med 7:274, 1949.Crossref 7. Middleton, W.S.: Streptomycin Therapy of Hemophilus Influenza: Endocarditis Lenta , Ann Intern Med 31:511, 1949Crossref 8. Rose, H.H.: Hemophilus Influenza, Type A.: Endocarditis , Amer J Med Sci 202:187, 1960.Crossref 9. Hensler, L.: Influenzabazillen-Perikarditis , Cardiologia 27:154, 1955.Crossref 10. Brewer, D.W., and Ramko, J.H.T.: Influenzal Laryngitis , Ann Otol 57:96, 1948. 11. Dyer, R.F.; Rominsky, M.J.; and Holmes, J.R.: Hemophilus Pyarthrosis in an Adult , Arch Intern Med 102:580, 1958.Crossref 12. Goldstein, E., and Janoski, A.H.: Hemophilus Influenza Pyarthrosis in an Adult , Arch Intern Med 114:647, 1964.Crossref 13. Meligran, F.; Hawks, H.; and Marotta, T.: Hemophilus Influenza Septicemia With Polyarthritis and Meningitis in an Adult , Canad Med Assoc J 89:132, 1963. 14. Weaver, J.B., and Sherwood, L.: Hematogenous Pyarthrosis Due to Bacillus Haemophilus Influenza and Cornebacterium Xerosis , Surgery 4:908, 1938. 15. Norden, C.W., and Sellers, T.P.: Hemophilus Influenza Pyarthrosis in an Adult , JAMA 189:694, 1964.Crossref 16. Patterson, R.L., Jr., and Levine, D.B.: Hemophilus Influenza Pyarthrosis in an Adult , J Bone Joint Surg 47A:1250, 1965. 17. Bulmer, J.H.: Septic Arthritis of the Hip in Adults , J Bone Joint Surg 48B:289, 1966. 18. Lack, C.H.: Chondrolysis in Arthritis , J Bone Joint Surg 41B:384, 1959. 19. Phemister, D.B.: The Effect of Pressure on Articular Surfaces in Pyogenic and Tuberculous Arthridites and Its Bearing on Treatment , Ann Surg 80:481, 1924.Crossref 20. Keefer, C.S.; Holmes, W.F., Jr.; and Myers, W.K.: The Inhibition of Tryptic Digestion of Cartilage by Synovial Fluid From Patients With Various Types of Arthritis , J Clin Invest 14:131, 1935.Crossref 21. Curtiss, P.H., and Klein, L.: Destruction of Articular Cartilage in Septic Arthritis: I. In Vitro Studies , J Bone Joint Surg 45A:797, 1963. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Hemophilus influenzae Septic Arthritis in Adults: Two Case Reports With Review of Previous Cases

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9926
eISSN
1538-3679
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1967.00290240170019
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract INFECTIONS due to Hemophilus influenzae type B occur frequently in children. Infection in adults is uncommon and usually associated with lowered resistance as in agammaglobulinemia, diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, nephrotic syndrome, and trauma.1 The low incidence to infection in the neonate is due to passive transfer of antibody,2 in the adult previous contact gives rise to specific antibody. The H influenzae type B causes meningitis,3 pneumonia,4,5 endocarditis,6-8 pericarditis,9 laryngitis,10 or septic arthritis. There are six previous reports of septic arthritis (Table 1). The present study reports two additional cases, one associated with hypercalcemia. Report of Cases Case 1. —First Admission. —A 37-year-old single, Negro trashman was admitted to Strong Memorial Hospital on Oct 13, 1964, because of pain in the right hip. Thirty days before while the patient was at work his right ilium was struck anteriorly by a garbage can as he negotiated a narrow passageway. He had immediate pain References 1. Merselis, J.G., Jr., et al: Hemophilus Influenza Meningitis in Adults , Arch Intern Med 110:837, 1962.Crossref 2. Fothergill, L.D., and Wright, J.: Influenzal Meningitis: Relation of Age Incidence to Bactericidal Power of Blood Against Causal Organism , J Immun 24:273, 1933. 3. Kaplan, N.M., and Brande, A.E.: Hemophilus Influenza Injection in Adults , Arch Intern Med 101:515, 1958.Crossref 4. Crowell, J., and Loulse, S.D.: Primary Hemophilus Influenza Pneumonia , Arch Intern Med 93:921, 1924.Crossref 5. Kaufman, J.A.: Report of Proved Fulminating Hemophilus Influenza Pneumonia in Adults With Recovery , Dis Chest 38:199, 1960.Crossref 6. Goetz, F.C., and Peterson, E.W.: Endocarditis Due to Hemophilus Influenza , Amer J Med 7:274, 1949.Crossref 7. Middleton, W.S.: Streptomycin Therapy of Hemophilus Influenza: Endocarditis Lenta , Ann Intern Med 31:511, 1949Crossref 8. Rose, H.H.: Hemophilus Influenza, Type A.: Endocarditis , Amer J Med Sci 202:187, 1960.Crossref 9. Hensler, L.: Influenzabazillen-Perikarditis , Cardiologia 27:154, 1955.Crossref 10. Brewer, D.W., and Ramko, J.H.T.: Influenzal Laryngitis , Ann Otol 57:96, 1948. 11. Dyer, R.F.; Rominsky, M.J.; and Holmes, J.R.: Hemophilus Pyarthrosis in an Adult , Arch Intern Med 102:580, 1958.Crossref 12. Goldstein, E., and Janoski, A.H.: Hemophilus Influenza Pyarthrosis in an Adult , Arch Intern Med 114:647, 1964.Crossref 13. Meligran, F.; Hawks, H.; and Marotta, T.: Hemophilus Influenza Septicemia With Polyarthritis and Meningitis in an Adult , Canad Med Assoc J 89:132, 1963. 14. Weaver, J.B., and Sherwood, L.: Hematogenous Pyarthrosis Due to Bacillus Haemophilus Influenza and Cornebacterium Xerosis , Surgery 4:908, 1938. 15. Norden, C.W., and Sellers, T.P.: Hemophilus Influenza Pyarthrosis in an Adult , JAMA 189:694, 1964.Crossref 16. Patterson, R.L., Jr., and Levine, D.B.: Hemophilus Influenza Pyarthrosis in an Adult , J Bone Joint Surg 47A:1250, 1965. 17. Bulmer, J.H.: Septic Arthritis of the Hip in Adults , J Bone Joint Surg 48B:289, 1966. 18. Lack, C.H.: Chondrolysis in Arthritis , J Bone Joint Surg 41B:384, 1959. 19. Phemister, D.B.: The Effect of Pressure on Articular Surfaces in Pyogenic and Tuberculous Arthridites and Its Bearing on Treatment , Ann Surg 80:481, 1924.Crossref 20. Keefer, C.S.; Holmes, W.F., Jr.; and Myers, W.K.: The Inhibition of Tryptic Digestion of Cartilage by Synovial Fluid From Patients With Various Types of Arthritis , J Clin Invest 14:131, 1935.Crossref 21. Curtiss, P.H., and Klein, L.: Destruction of Articular Cartilage in Septic Arthritis: I. In Vitro Studies , J Bone Joint Surg 45A:797, 1963.

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1967

References