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Handedness and Esotropia

Handedness and Esotropia Abstract • Questionnaires were completed by 1083 nonesotropic control subjects and 170 patients with nonparalytic esotropia to determine handedness. The subjects, who had been drawn from patients attending ophthalmic clinics and private practices, were classified as righthanded, left-handed, or ambidextrous based on their answers to five questions about hand preference. Analysis of the results indicated that the handedness of patients with esotropia differed significantly from that of nonesotropic controls. The difference resulted primarily from an excess of non-right-handers among those with esotropia. Non-right-handedness is probably a marker of anomalous cerebral dominance and the disproportion of left-handed and ambidextrous subjects with esotropia may indicate that some persons with esotropia have anomalous brain architecture. In such cases, the structural anomalies might be the cause of the strabismus. References 1. Goodglass H, Quadfassel FA: Language laterality in left-handed aphasics . Brain 1954; 77:521-548.Crossref 2. Gloning I, Gloning K, Haub G, et al: Comparison of verbal behavior in right-handed and nonright-handed patients with anatomically verified lesion of one hemisphere . Cortex 1969;5:43-52.Crossref 3. Geschwind N, Levitsky W: Human brain: Left-right asymmetries in temporal speech region . Science 1968;161:186-187.Crossref 4. Boucher J: Hand preference in autistic children and their parents . J Autism Dev Disord 1977;7:177-187.Crossref 5. Colby KM, Parkinson C: Handedness in autistic children . J Autism Dev Disord 1977;7:3-9.Crossref 6. Geschwind N, Behan P: Left handedness: Association with immune disease, migraine and developmental learning disorder . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1982;79:5097-5101.Crossref 7. Lippmann O: Die Entartungszeichen und die Ueberwertigkeit einer Korperhalfte in ihrer Bedeutung fur das Schielen . Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1934;92:370-384. 8. Harford CD: Squint and the child mind . Child 1924;14:97-105. 9. Inman WS: Emotion and eye symptoms . Br J Psychol 1921;2:47-67.Crossref 10. Rivers WC: Squint, mancinism, and tubercle . Lancet 1921;1:319-321.Crossref 11. Inman WS: An inquiry into the origin of squint, left-handedness and stammer . Lancet 1924;2:211-215.Crossref 12. Frandsen AD: Occurrence of squint: A clinical-statistical study on the prevalence of squint and associated signs in different groups and ages of the Danish population . Acta Ophthalmol 1960;62( (suppl) ):1-158. 13. Sachs M: Ueber Schielen und Stottern . Z Augenheilkd 1924;53:285-294. 14. Muller E: Zum Problem der Amblyopie ohne Spiegelbefund und des Schielens . Z Augenheilkd 1931;75:354-368. 15. Niederlandova Z: Lavorucnost pri strabizme . Czech Ophthalmol 1967;23:9-13. 16. Cross HE: The heritability of strabismus . Am Orthoptic J 1975;25:11-17. 17. Spivey BE: Strabismus: Factors in anticipating its occurrence . Aust J Ophthalmol 1980; 8:5-9.Crossref 18. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM: Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: I. A hypothesis and a program for research . Arch Neurol 1985;42:428-459.Crossref 19. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM: Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: II. A hypothesis and a program for research . Arch Neurol 1985;42:521-552.Crossref 20. Boklage CE: Twinning, handedness, and the biology of symmetry , in Geschwind N, Galaburda AM (eds): Cerebral Dominance: The Biological Foundations . Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1984, pp 195-210. 21. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM: Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: III. A hypothesis and a program for research . Arch Neurol 1985;42:634-654.Crossref 22. Taylor DC: Differential rates of cerebral maturation between sexes and between hemispheres . Lancet 1969;2:140-142.Crossref 23. LeMay M: Morphological cerebral asymmetries of modern man, fossil man, and non-human primate . Ann NY Acad Sci 1976;280:349-366.Crossref 24. LeMay M: Radiological, developmental, and fossil asymmetries , in Geschwind N, Galaburda AM (eds): Cerebral Dominance: The Biological Foundations . Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1984, pp 26-42. 25. Schatz CJ, LeVay S: Siamese cat: Altered connections of visual cortex . Science 1979; 204:328-330.Crossref 26. Baker FH, Grigg P, von Noorden GK: Effect of visual deprivation and strabismus on the response of neurons in the visual cortex of the monkey, including studies on the striate and pre-striate cortex in the normal animal . Brain Res 1974;66:185-208.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Handedness and Esotropia

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 104 (10) – Oct 1, 1986

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1986.01050220086033
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Questionnaires were completed by 1083 nonesotropic control subjects and 170 patients with nonparalytic esotropia to determine handedness. The subjects, who had been drawn from patients attending ophthalmic clinics and private practices, were classified as righthanded, left-handed, or ambidextrous based on their answers to five questions about hand preference. Analysis of the results indicated that the handedness of patients with esotropia differed significantly from that of nonesotropic controls. The difference resulted primarily from an excess of non-right-handers among those with esotropia. Non-right-handedness is probably a marker of anomalous cerebral dominance and the disproportion of left-handed and ambidextrous subjects with esotropia may indicate that some persons with esotropia have anomalous brain architecture. In such cases, the structural anomalies might be the cause of the strabismus. References 1. Goodglass H, Quadfassel FA: Language laterality in left-handed aphasics . Brain 1954; 77:521-548.Crossref 2. Gloning I, Gloning K, Haub G, et al: Comparison of verbal behavior in right-handed and nonright-handed patients with anatomically verified lesion of one hemisphere . Cortex 1969;5:43-52.Crossref 3. Geschwind N, Levitsky W: Human brain: Left-right asymmetries in temporal speech region . Science 1968;161:186-187.Crossref 4. Boucher J: Hand preference in autistic children and their parents . J Autism Dev Disord 1977;7:177-187.Crossref 5. Colby KM, Parkinson C: Handedness in autistic children . J Autism Dev Disord 1977;7:3-9.Crossref 6. Geschwind N, Behan P: Left handedness: Association with immune disease, migraine and developmental learning disorder . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1982;79:5097-5101.Crossref 7. Lippmann O: Die Entartungszeichen und die Ueberwertigkeit einer Korperhalfte in ihrer Bedeutung fur das Schielen . Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1934;92:370-384. 8. Harford CD: Squint and the child mind . Child 1924;14:97-105. 9. Inman WS: Emotion and eye symptoms . Br J Psychol 1921;2:47-67.Crossref 10. Rivers WC: Squint, mancinism, and tubercle . Lancet 1921;1:319-321.Crossref 11. Inman WS: An inquiry into the origin of squint, left-handedness and stammer . Lancet 1924;2:211-215.Crossref 12. Frandsen AD: Occurrence of squint: A clinical-statistical study on the prevalence of squint and associated signs in different groups and ages of the Danish population . Acta Ophthalmol 1960;62( (suppl) ):1-158. 13. Sachs M: Ueber Schielen und Stottern . Z Augenheilkd 1924;53:285-294. 14. Muller E: Zum Problem der Amblyopie ohne Spiegelbefund und des Schielens . Z Augenheilkd 1931;75:354-368. 15. Niederlandova Z: Lavorucnost pri strabizme . Czech Ophthalmol 1967;23:9-13. 16. Cross HE: The heritability of strabismus . Am Orthoptic J 1975;25:11-17. 17. Spivey BE: Strabismus: Factors in anticipating its occurrence . Aust J Ophthalmol 1980; 8:5-9.Crossref 18. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM: Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: I. A hypothesis and a program for research . Arch Neurol 1985;42:428-459.Crossref 19. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM: Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: II. A hypothesis and a program for research . Arch Neurol 1985;42:521-552.Crossref 20. Boklage CE: Twinning, handedness, and the biology of symmetry , in Geschwind N, Galaburda AM (eds): Cerebral Dominance: The Biological Foundations . Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1984, pp 195-210. 21. Geschwind N, Galaburda AM: Cerebral lateralization: Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: III. A hypothesis and a program for research . Arch Neurol 1985;42:634-654.Crossref 22. Taylor DC: Differential rates of cerebral maturation between sexes and between hemispheres . Lancet 1969;2:140-142.Crossref 23. LeMay M: Morphological cerebral asymmetries of modern man, fossil man, and non-human primate . Ann NY Acad Sci 1976;280:349-366.Crossref 24. LeMay M: Radiological, developmental, and fossil asymmetries , in Geschwind N, Galaburda AM (eds): Cerebral Dominance: The Biological Foundations . Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1984, pp 26-42. 25. Schatz CJ, LeVay S: Siamese cat: Altered connections of visual cortex . Science 1979; 204:328-330.Crossref 26. Baker FH, Grigg P, von Noorden GK: Effect of visual deprivation and strabismus on the response of neurons in the visual cortex of the monkey, including studies on the striate and pre-striate cortex in the normal animal . Brain Res 1974;66:185-208.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1986

References