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Growth and Development: VI. Changes in Skin Color of Fifty-One Negro Infants from Birth Through Three Years of Age, as Related to Skin Color of Parents, Socioeconomic Status, and Developmental Quotient

Growth and Development: VI. Changes in Skin Color of Fifty-One Negro Infants from Birth Through... Abstract The measurement of skin color has provoked considerable interest and research in recent years. In general, attention has been concentrated upon the most efficient manner of measuring the degree of pigmentation as a means of assessing actual color content. Medically, the problem has been one of ascertaining how and to what degree pigmentation affects either the recognition or the course of various diseases, as well as how specific treatments such as infrared and roentgenotherapy are influenced by skin color. A recent paper in this series1 discussed a phase of the question of skin color upon which less emphasis has been placed: the relation of skin color in new-born Negro infants and their parents to certain physical, psychological, and social factors. It was pointed out at that time that the question is complicated by the fact that Negroes tend to grow darker with age. Niedelman2 states, References 1. See Horton and Crump1 for a list of the reflexes included. 2. Horton, C. P., and Crump, E. P.: Growth and Development: III. Skin Color in Negro Infants and Parents: Its Relationship to Birth Weight, Reflex Maturity, Socioeconomic Status, Length of Gestation, and Parity , J. Pediat. 52:547-558 ( (May) ) 1958.Crossref 3. Niedelman, M. L.: Abnormalities of Pigmentation in the Negro , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 51:1-9 ( (Jan.) ) 1945. 4. Herskovits, M. J.: Age Changes in Pigmentation of American Negroes , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 9:321-327 ( (July) ) 1926. 5. Lasker, G. W.: Seasonal Changes in Skin Color , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 12:553-557 ( (Dec.) ) 1954. 6. Crump, E. P.; Horton, C. P.; Masuoka, J., and Ryan, D. K.: Growth and Development: I. Relation of Birth Weight in Negro Infants to Sex, Maternal Age, Parity, Prenatal Care, and Socioeconomic Status , J. Pediat. 51:678-697 ( (Dec.) ) 1957. 7. Crump, E. P.; Gore, P. M., and Horton, C. P.: Growth and Development: II. The Sucking Behavior in Premature Infants , Human Biol. 30:128-141 ( (May) ) 1958. 8. Crump, E. P.; Payton, E., and Horton, C. P.: Growth and Development: IV. Relationship Between Prenatal Maternal Nutrition and Socioeconomic Index, Weight of Mother and Birth Weight of the Infant , Am. J. Obst. & Gynec. , to be published. 9. Lasker, G. W.: Photoelectric Measurement of Skin Color in a Mexican Mestizo Population , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 12:115-122 ( (March) ) 1954. 10. Gesell, A., and Amatruda, C. S.: Developmental Diagnosis , Ed. 2, New York, Harper & Brothers, 1954. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Growth and Development: VI. Changes in Skin Color of Fifty-One Negro Infants from Birth Through Three Years of Age, as Related to Skin Color of Parents, Socioeconomic Status, and Developmental Quotient

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1959 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1959.01560220031006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The measurement of skin color has provoked considerable interest and research in recent years. In general, attention has been concentrated upon the most efficient manner of measuring the degree of pigmentation as a means of assessing actual color content. Medically, the problem has been one of ascertaining how and to what degree pigmentation affects either the recognition or the course of various diseases, as well as how specific treatments such as infrared and roentgenotherapy are influenced by skin color. A recent paper in this series1 discussed a phase of the question of skin color upon which less emphasis has been placed: the relation of skin color in new-born Negro infants and their parents to certain physical, psychological, and social factors. It was pointed out at that time that the question is complicated by the fact that Negroes tend to grow darker with age. Niedelman2 states, References 1. See Horton and Crump1 for a list of the reflexes included. 2. Horton, C. P., and Crump, E. P.: Growth and Development: III. Skin Color in Negro Infants and Parents: Its Relationship to Birth Weight, Reflex Maturity, Socioeconomic Status, Length of Gestation, and Parity , J. Pediat. 52:547-558 ( (May) ) 1958.Crossref 3. Niedelman, M. L.: Abnormalities of Pigmentation in the Negro , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 51:1-9 ( (Jan.) ) 1945. 4. Herskovits, M. J.: Age Changes in Pigmentation of American Negroes , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 9:321-327 ( (July) ) 1926. 5. Lasker, G. W.: Seasonal Changes in Skin Color , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 12:553-557 ( (Dec.) ) 1954. 6. Crump, E. P.; Horton, C. P.; Masuoka, J., and Ryan, D. K.: Growth and Development: I. Relation of Birth Weight in Negro Infants to Sex, Maternal Age, Parity, Prenatal Care, and Socioeconomic Status , J. Pediat. 51:678-697 ( (Dec.) ) 1957. 7. Crump, E. P.; Gore, P. M., and Horton, C. P.: Growth and Development: II. The Sucking Behavior in Premature Infants , Human Biol. 30:128-141 ( (May) ) 1958. 8. Crump, E. P.; Payton, E., and Horton, C. P.: Growth and Development: IV. Relationship Between Prenatal Maternal Nutrition and Socioeconomic Index, Weight of Mother and Birth Weight of the Infant , Am. J. Obst. & Gynec. , to be published. 9. Lasker, G. W.: Photoelectric Measurement of Skin Color in a Mexican Mestizo Population , Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 12:115-122 ( (March) ) 1954. 10. Gesell, A., and Amatruda, C. S.: Developmental Diagnosis , Ed. 2, New York, Harper & Brothers, 1954.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1959

References