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Gist Recall in Multiple Sclerosis

Gist Recall in Multiple Sclerosis Abstract • This study examined gist recall (memory for important story ideas) in patients with multiple sclerosis. Twelve patients with clinically probable or definite multiple sclerosis and 10 neurologically intact control subjects were read prose passages from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised Logical Memory subtest. The idea units from these passages contained low, medium, and high information content to the stories. In comparison with the control subjects, the patients recalled fewer total elements over immediate and delayed conditions. However, similar to controls, they recalled more ideas that were of high rather than low or medium importance. These results suggest that semantic sensitivity to important ideas of narratives is a relatively preserved feature in multiple sclerosis. References 1. Beatty WW, Goodkin DE, Monson N, Beatty PA, Hertsgaard D. Anterograde and retrograde amnesia in patients with chronic progressive multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1988;45:611-619.Crossref 2. Caine ED, Bamford KA, Schiffer RB, Shoulson I, Levy S. A controlled neuropsychological comparison of Huntington's disease and multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1986;43:249-254.Crossref 3. Grafman J, Rao SM, Litvan I. Disorders of memory . In: Rao SM, ed. Neurobehavioral Aspects of Multiple Sclerosis . New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1990:102-117. 4. Litvan I, Grafman J, Vendrell P, et al. Multiple memory deficits in patients with multiple sclerosis: exploring the working memory system . Arch Neurol . 1988;45:607-610.Crossref 5. Rao SM, Hammeke TA, McQuillen MP, Khatri BO, Lloyd D. Memory disturbance in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1984;41:625-631.Crossref 6. Rao SM, Leo GJ, St Aubin-Faubert P. On the nature of memory disturbance in multiple sclerosis . J Clin Exp Neuropsychol . 1989;11:699-712.Crossref 7. Rao SM, Leo GJ, Bernardin L, Unverzagt F. Cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis, I: frequency, patterns, and prediction . Neurology . 1991;41:685-691.Crossref 8. van den Burg W, van Zomeren AH, Minderhoud JM, Prange AJA, Meijer NSA. Cognitive impairment in patients with multiple sclerosis and mild physical disability . Arch Neurol . 1987;44:494-501.Crossref 9. Grafman J Rao S, Bernardin L, Leo GJ. Automatic memory processes in patients with multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1991;48:1072-1075.Crossref 10. Levin HS, Goldstein FC. Organization of verbal memory after severe closed-head injury . J Clin Exp Neuropsychol . 1986;8:643-656.Crossref 11. Weingartner H, Cohen RM, Murphy DL, Martello J, Gerdt C. Cognitive processes in depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry . 1981;38:42-47.Crossref 12. Goldstein FC, Levin HS, Boake C, Lohrey JH. Facilitation of memory performance through induced semantic processing in survivors of severe closed-head injury , J Clin Exp Neuropsychol . 1990;12:286-300.Crossref 13. Freedman M, Cermak LS. Semantic encoding deficits in frontal lobe disease and amnesia . Brain Cogn . 1986;5:108-114.Crossref 14. Squire LS. Comparisons between forms of amnesia: some deficits are unique to Korsakoff's syndrome . J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn . 1982;8:560-571.Crossref 15. Weingartner H, Kaye W, Smallberg SA, Ebert MH, Gillin JC, Sitaram N. Memory failures in progressive idiopathic dementia . J Abnorm Psychol . 1981;90:187-196.Crossref 16. Carroll M, Gates R, Roldan F. Memory impairment in multiple sclerosis . Neuropsychologia . 1984;22:297-302.Crossref 17. Bartlett F. Remembering . Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press; 1932. 18. Prevey ML, Delaney RC, Mattson RH. Gist recall in temporal lobe seizure patients: a study of adaptive memory skills . Cortex . 1988;24:301-312.Crossref 19. Johnson RE. Recall of prose as a function of the structural importance of the linguistic units . J Verb Learn Behav . 1970;9:12-20.Crossref 20. Zelinski EM, Gilewski MJ, Thompson LW. Do laboratory tests relate to self-assessment of memory ability in the young and old? In: Poon LW, Fozard JL, Cermak LS, Arenberg D, Thompson LW, eds. New Directions in Aging and Memory . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1980:519-544. 21. Brown AL, Smiley SS. Rating the importance of structural units of prose passages: a problem of metacognitive development . Child Dev . 1977;48:1 -8.Crossref 22. Haut MW, Petros TV, Frank RG. The recall of prose as a function of importance following closed head injury . Brain Inj . 1990;4:281-288.Crossref 23. Haut MW, Petros TV, Frank RG. Semantic sensitivity in the acute phase of recovery from moderate and severe closed head injury . Neuropsychology . 1991;5:81-88.Crossref 24. Wechsler D. Manual for the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised . New York, NY: Psychological Corp; 1987. 25. Kurtzke JF. Rating neurologic impairment in multiple sclerosis: an expanded disability status scale (EDSS) . Neurology . 1983;33:1444-1452.Crossref 26. Petersen RC, Yanagihara T, Mohs RC, Levin HS, Goldstein FC. Treatment of memory disorders . In: Yanagihara T, Petersen RC, eds. Memory Disorders: Research and Clinical Practice . New York, NY: Marcel Dekker Inc; 1991:457-503. 27. Litvan I, Grafman J, Vendrell P, Martinez JM. Slowed information processing in multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1988;45:281-285.Crossref 28. Moscovitch M. Multiple dissociations of function in the amnesic syndrome . In: Cermak LS, ed. Human Memory and Amnesia . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1982:337-370. 29. Zatorre R, McEntee W. Semantic encoding deficits in a case of traumatic amnesia . Brain Cogn . 1983;2:331-345.Crossref 30. Rubin DC, Olson EH, Richter M, Butters N Memory for prose in Korsakoff and schizophrenic populations . Int J Neurosci . 1981;13:81-85.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1992 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9942
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archneur.1992.00530340080021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • This study examined gist recall (memory for important story ideas) in patients with multiple sclerosis. Twelve patients with clinically probable or definite multiple sclerosis and 10 neurologically intact control subjects were read prose passages from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised Logical Memory subtest. The idea units from these passages contained low, medium, and high information content to the stories. In comparison with the control subjects, the patients recalled fewer total elements over immediate and delayed conditions. However, similar to controls, they recalled more ideas that were of high rather than low or medium importance. These results suggest that semantic sensitivity to important ideas of narratives is a relatively preserved feature in multiple sclerosis. References 1. Beatty WW, Goodkin DE, Monson N, Beatty PA, Hertsgaard D. Anterograde and retrograde amnesia in patients with chronic progressive multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1988;45:611-619.Crossref 2. Caine ED, Bamford KA, Schiffer RB, Shoulson I, Levy S. A controlled neuropsychological comparison of Huntington's disease and multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1986;43:249-254.Crossref 3. Grafman J, Rao SM, Litvan I. Disorders of memory . In: Rao SM, ed. Neurobehavioral Aspects of Multiple Sclerosis . New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1990:102-117. 4. Litvan I, Grafman J, Vendrell P, et al. Multiple memory deficits in patients with multiple sclerosis: exploring the working memory system . Arch Neurol . 1988;45:607-610.Crossref 5. Rao SM, Hammeke TA, McQuillen MP, Khatri BO, Lloyd D. Memory disturbance in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1984;41:625-631.Crossref 6. Rao SM, Leo GJ, St Aubin-Faubert P. On the nature of memory disturbance in multiple sclerosis . J Clin Exp Neuropsychol . 1989;11:699-712.Crossref 7. Rao SM, Leo GJ, Bernardin L, Unverzagt F. Cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis, I: frequency, patterns, and prediction . Neurology . 1991;41:685-691.Crossref 8. van den Burg W, van Zomeren AH, Minderhoud JM, Prange AJA, Meijer NSA. Cognitive impairment in patients with multiple sclerosis and mild physical disability . Arch Neurol . 1987;44:494-501.Crossref 9. Grafman J Rao S, Bernardin L, Leo GJ. Automatic memory processes in patients with multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1991;48:1072-1075.Crossref 10. Levin HS, Goldstein FC. Organization of verbal memory after severe closed-head injury . J Clin Exp Neuropsychol . 1986;8:643-656.Crossref 11. Weingartner H, Cohen RM, Murphy DL, Martello J, Gerdt C. Cognitive processes in depression . Arch Gen Psychiatry . 1981;38:42-47.Crossref 12. Goldstein FC, Levin HS, Boake C, Lohrey JH. Facilitation of memory performance through induced semantic processing in survivors of severe closed-head injury , J Clin Exp Neuropsychol . 1990;12:286-300.Crossref 13. Freedman M, Cermak LS. Semantic encoding deficits in frontal lobe disease and amnesia . Brain Cogn . 1986;5:108-114.Crossref 14. Squire LS. Comparisons between forms of amnesia: some deficits are unique to Korsakoff's syndrome . J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn . 1982;8:560-571.Crossref 15. Weingartner H, Kaye W, Smallberg SA, Ebert MH, Gillin JC, Sitaram N. Memory failures in progressive idiopathic dementia . J Abnorm Psychol . 1981;90:187-196.Crossref 16. Carroll M, Gates R, Roldan F. Memory impairment in multiple sclerosis . Neuropsychologia . 1984;22:297-302.Crossref 17. Bartlett F. Remembering . Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press; 1932. 18. Prevey ML, Delaney RC, Mattson RH. Gist recall in temporal lobe seizure patients: a study of adaptive memory skills . Cortex . 1988;24:301-312.Crossref 19. Johnson RE. Recall of prose as a function of the structural importance of the linguistic units . J Verb Learn Behav . 1970;9:12-20.Crossref 20. Zelinski EM, Gilewski MJ, Thompson LW. Do laboratory tests relate to self-assessment of memory ability in the young and old? In: Poon LW, Fozard JL, Cermak LS, Arenberg D, Thompson LW, eds. New Directions in Aging and Memory . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1980:519-544. 21. Brown AL, Smiley SS. Rating the importance of structural units of prose passages: a problem of metacognitive development . Child Dev . 1977;48:1 -8.Crossref 22. Haut MW, Petros TV, Frank RG. The recall of prose as a function of importance following closed head injury . Brain Inj . 1990;4:281-288.Crossref 23. Haut MW, Petros TV, Frank RG. Semantic sensitivity in the acute phase of recovery from moderate and severe closed head injury . Neuropsychology . 1991;5:81-88.Crossref 24. Wechsler D. Manual for the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised . New York, NY: Psychological Corp; 1987. 25. Kurtzke JF. Rating neurologic impairment in multiple sclerosis: an expanded disability status scale (EDSS) . Neurology . 1983;33:1444-1452.Crossref 26. Petersen RC, Yanagihara T, Mohs RC, Levin HS, Goldstein FC. Treatment of memory disorders . In: Yanagihara T, Petersen RC, eds. Memory Disorders: Research and Clinical Practice . New York, NY: Marcel Dekker Inc; 1991:457-503. 27. Litvan I, Grafman J, Vendrell P, Martinez JM. Slowed information processing in multiple sclerosis . Arch Neurol . 1988;45:281-285.Crossref 28. Moscovitch M. Multiple dissociations of function in the amnesic syndrome . In: Cermak LS, ed. Human Memory and Amnesia . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 1982:337-370. 29. Zatorre R, McEntee W. Semantic encoding deficits in a case of traumatic amnesia . Brain Cogn . 1983;2:331-345.Crossref 30. Rubin DC, Olson EH, Richter M, Butters N Memory for prose in Korsakoff and schizophrenic populations . Int J Neurosci . 1981;13:81-85.Crossref

Journal

Archives of NeurologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1992

References