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Geniculate Neuralgia and Facial Nerve Sensory Systems

Geniculate Neuralgia and Facial Nerve Sensory Systems Abstract • Although it is only a small ganglion, the geniculate ganglion subserves several different sensory systems with sensory fibers distributed to different parts of the head. The ganglion innervates chemoreceptors and phasic mechanoreceptors on the front of the tongue. In addition, the ganglion supplies mechanoreceptors of the hair follicles on the inner surface of the pinna and deep mechanoreceptors of nasal and buccal cavities. The ganglion also innervates chemoreceptors on the soft palate. No neurophysiological evidence was found for sensory innervation of the facial musculature. In considering neuralgias of geniculate ganglion origin, it is necessary to examine the loci of sensory projections of the ganglion and the possible effects of inflammation on pulse discharge patterns of sensory neurons. (Arch Otolaryngol 103:473-481, 1977) References 1. Hunt JR: On herpetic inflammations of the geniculate ganglion: A new syndrome and its complications . J Nerv Ment Dis 34:73-96, 1907.Crossref 2. Hunt JR: Geniculate neuralgia (neuralgia of the nervus facialis) . Arch Neurol Psychiatry 37:253-285, 1937.Crossref 3. Boudreau JC, Bradley BE, Bierer PR, et al: Single unit recordings from the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve of the cat . Exp Brain Res 13:461-488, 1971.Crossref 4. Boudreau JC, Alev N: Classification of chemoresponsive tongue units of the cat geniculate ganglion . Brain Res 54:157-175, 1973.Crossref 5. Boudreau JC, Tsuchitani C: Sensory Neurophysiology . New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, 1973. 6. Buskirk CV: The seventh nerve complex . J Comp Neurol 82:303-333, 1945.Crossref 7. Kullman GL, Dyck PJ, Cody DTR: Anatomy of the mastoid portion of the facial nerve . Arch Otolaryngol 93:29-33, 1971.Crossref 8. Shimozawa A: Quantitative studies of the greater petrosal nerve of the mouse with the electron microscope . Anat Rec 170:303-308, 1971.Crossref 9. Weigner K: Ueber den Verlauf des Nervus intermedius . Anat Hefte 29:97-163, 1905.Crossref 10. Boudreau JC, Oravec J, Anderson W, et al: Cat neural taste responses to nitrogen compounds , in Phenolic, Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds in Food Flavors . Washington, DC, American Chemical Society, 1976. 11. Boudreau JC: Comparison of cat and human taste response to amino acid solutions . Neurosci Abstr 2:151, 1976. 12. Cushing H: The sensory distribution of the fifth cranial nerve . Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 15:213-232, 1904. 13. Sakada S, Aida H: Electrophysiological studies of Golgi-Mazzoni corpuscles in the periosteum of the cat facial bones . Bull Tokyo Dent Coll 12:255-273, 1971. 14. Spassova I: On the structure of encapsulated nerve endings in the tongue of the cat and its functional significance . Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 72:366-382, 1965. 15. Rhinehart OA: The nervous facialis of the albino mouse . J Comp Neurol 30:81-125, 1918.Crossref 16. Hitselberger WE: External auditory canal hypesthesia: An early sign of acoustic neurilemoma . Am Surg 32:741-743, 1966. 17. Kadanoff D: Morphologie der Rezeptoren des Atmungs-und Verdauungs Systems beim Menschen . Jena, Gustav Fischer , 1963. 18. Kanagaseentheram R, Wong WC, Chan HL: Some observations on the innervation of the human nasopharynx . J Anat 104:361-376, 1969. 19. Kaplick M: Über Vorkommen, Verteilung und histologische Beziehungen der Geschmachsknospen am Munddach einiger Säuger, besonders der Nagetierre . Z Zellforsch Mikrosk Anat 38:571-599, 1953.Crossref 20. Lalonde ER, Eglitis JA: Number and distribution of taste buds on the epiglottis, pharynx, larynx, soft palate and uvula in a human newborn . Anat Rec 140:91-95, 1961.Crossref 21. Cleaton-Jones P: A denervation study of taste buds in the soft palate of the albino rat . Arch Oral Biol 21:79-82, 1976.Crossref 22. Harris, W: The fifth and seventh cranial nerves in relation to the nervous mechanism of taste sensation . Br Med J 1:831-836, 1952.Crossref 23. Kim GR: The facial nerve and gustatory function . Yonsei Med J 12:49-54, 1971. 24. Rollin H: Geschmacksstörungen am weichen Gaumen bei Facialisparesen . HNO 21:19-20, 1973. 25. Aleksic SN, Budzilovich GN, Lieberman AN: Herpes zoster oticus and facial paralysis (Ramsey Hunt syndrome) . J Neurol Sci 30:149-159, 1973.Crossref 26. Davis LE: The deep sensibility of the face . Arch Neurol Psychriatry 9:283-305, 1923.Crossref 27. Binns PM: An electrical stimulation study on the afferent fibers in the facial nerve of cats and the contralateral facial muscle response . Laryngoscope 84:372-399, 1974.Crossref 28. Kubota K, Masegi T, Sato Y: Location of proprioceptive neurons innervating the muscle spindles of the snout muscles in the talpoides . Exp Neurol 48:142-151, 1975.Crossref 29. Sweet WH, White JC: Pain fibers in the petrosal nerves . Arch Neurol Psychiatry 50:1-46, 1967. 30. Ramon y Cajal S: Histologie du Système Nerveau de l'Homme et des Vertébrés . Instituto Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, 1952 (reprint). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Geniculate Neuralgia and Facial Nerve Sensory Systems

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1977 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1977.00780250067007
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Abstract

Abstract • Although it is only a small ganglion, the geniculate ganglion subserves several different sensory systems with sensory fibers distributed to different parts of the head. The ganglion innervates chemoreceptors and phasic mechanoreceptors on the front of the tongue. In addition, the ganglion supplies mechanoreceptors of the hair follicles on the inner surface of the pinna and deep mechanoreceptors of nasal and buccal cavities. The ganglion also innervates chemoreceptors on the soft palate. No neurophysiological evidence was found for sensory innervation of the facial musculature. In considering neuralgias of geniculate ganglion origin, it is necessary to examine the loci of sensory projections of the ganglion and the possible effects of inflammation on pulse discharge patterns of sensory neurons. (Arch Otolaryngol 103:473-481, 1977) References 1. Hunt JR: On herpetic inflammations of the geniculate ganglion: A new syndrome and its complications . J Nerv Ment Dis 34:73-96, 1907.Crossref 2. Hunt JR: Geniculate neuralgia (neuralgia of the nervus facialis) . Arch Neurol Psychiatry 37:253-285, 1937.Crossref 3. Boudreau JC, Bradley BE, Bierer PR, et al: Single unit recordings from the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve of the cat . Exp Brain Res 13:461-488, 1971.Crossref 4. Boudreau JC, Alev N: Classification of chemoresponsive tongue units of the cat geniculate ganglion . Brain Res 54:157-175, 1973.Crossref 5. Boudreau JC, Tsuchitani C: Sensory Neurophysiology . New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, 1973. 6. Buskirk CV: The seventh nerve complex . J Comp Neurol 82:303-333, 1945.Crossref 7. Kullman GL, Dyck PJ, Cody DTR: Anatomy of the mastoid portion of the facial nerve . Arch Otolaryngol 93:29-33, 1971.Crossref 8. Shimozawa A: Quantitative studies of the greater petrosal nerve of the mouse with the electron microscope . Anat Rec 170:303-308, 1971.Crossref 9. Weigner K: Ueber den Verlauf des Nervus intermedius . Anat Hefte 29:97-163, 1905.Crossref 10. Boudreau JC, Oravec J, Anderson W, et al: Cat neural taste responses to nitrogen compounds , in Phenolic, Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds in Food Flavors . Washington, DC, American Chemical Society, 1976. 11. Boudreau JC: Comparison of cat and human taste response to amino acid solutions . Neurosci Abstr 2:151, 1976. 12. Cushing H: The sensory distribution of the fifth cranial nerve . Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 15:213-232, 1904. 13. Sakada S, Aida H: Electrophysiological studies of Golgi-Mazzoni corpuscles in the periosteum of the cat facial bones . Bull Tokyo Dent Coll 12:255-273, 1971. 14. Spassova I: On the structure of encapsulated nerve endings in the tongue of the cat and its functional significance . Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 72:366-382, 1965. 15. Rhinehart OA: The nervous facialis of the albino mouse . J Comp Neurol 30:81-125, 1918.Crossref 16. Hitselberger WE: External auditory canal hypesthesia: An early sign of acoustic neurilemoma . Am Surg 32:741-743, 1966. 17. Kadanoff D: Morphologie der Rezeptoren des Atmungs-und Verdauungs Systems beim Menschen . Jena, Gustav Fischer , 1963. 18. Kanagaseentheram R, Wong WC, Chan HL: Some observations on the innervation of the human nasopharynx . J Anat 104:361-376, 1969. 19. Kaplick M: Über Vorkommen, Verteilung und histologische Beziehungen der Geschmachsknospen am Munddach einiger Säuger, besonders der Nagetierre . Z Zellforsch Mikrosk Anat 38:571-599, 1953.Crossref 20. Lalonde ER, Eglitis JA: Number and distribution of taste buds on the epiglottis, pharynx, larynx, soft palate and uvula in a human newborn . Anat Rec 140:91-95, 1961.Crossref 21. Cleaton-Jones P: A denervation study of taste buds in the soft palate of the albino rat . Arch Oral Biol 21:79-82, 1976.Crossref 22. Harris, W: The fifth and seventh cranial nerves in relation to the nervous mechanism of taste sensation . Br Med J 1:831-836, 1952.Crossref 23. Kim GR: The facial nerve and gustatory function . Yonsei Med J 12:49-54, 1971. 24. Rollin H: Geschmacksstörungen am weichen Gaumen bei Facialisparesen . HNO 21:19-20, 1973. 25. Aleksic SN, Budzilovich GN, Lieberman AN: Herpes zoster oticus and facial paralysis (Ramsey Hunt syndrome) . J Neurol Sci 30:149-159, 1973.Crossref 26. Davis LE: The deep sensibility of the face . Arch Neurol Psychriatry 9:283-305, 1923.Crossref 27. Binns PM: An electrical stimulation study on the afferent fibers in the facial nerve of cats and the contralateral facial muscle response . Laryngoscope 84:372-399, 1974.Crossref 28. Kubota K, Masegi T, Sato Y: Location of proprioceptive neurons innervating the muscle spindles of the snout muscles in the talpoides . Exp Neurol 48:142-151, 1975.Crossref 29. Sweet WH, White JC: Pain fibers in the petrosal nerves . Arch Neurol Psychiatry 50:1-46, 1967. 30. Ramon y Cajal S: Histologie du Système Nerveau de l'Homme et des Vertébrés . Instituto Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, 1952 (reprint).

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1977

References