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Gas in the Appendix: A Sometimes Significant But Nonspecific Diagnostic Sign

Gas in the Appendix: A Sometimes Significant But Nonspecific Diagnostic Sign Abstract • The gas-filled appendix is an uncommon roentgenographic sign that has been considered to be virtually diagnostic of acute appendicitis when the appendix is positioned caudad to the cecum in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. Three patients had gas in the appendix in the absence of acute appendicitis. This diagnostic sign is therefore not specific for appendicitis. Regardless of its location, the appendix may contain gas despite the absence of intrinsic disease. (Arch Surg 114:587-589, 1979) References 1. Soter CS: The contribution of the radiologist to the diagnosis of acute appendiceal disease . Med Radiogr Photogr 45:2-14, 1969. 2. Joffe N: Radiology of acute appendicitis and its complications . CRC Grit Rev Clin Radiol Nucl Med 7:97-160, 1975. 3. Lim MS: Gas-filled appendix: Lack of diagnostic specificity . Am J Roentgenol 128:209-210, 1976.Crossref 4. Joffe N, Soter CS, Lim MS: Letters: Gas-filled appendix dialog . AJR 129:182-183, 1977.Crossref 5. Shimkin PM: Commentary: Radiology of acute appendicitis . AJR 130:1001-1004, 1978.Crossref 6. Musgrove JE: Unusual roentgenographic findings in gangrenous appendicitis . Can Med Assoc J 67:666-667, 1952. 7. Soteropoulos C, Gilmore JH: Roentgen diagnoses of acute appendicitis . Radiology 71:246-256, 1958.Crossref 8. Fisher MS: A roentgen sign of gangrenous appendicitis . Am J Roentgenol 81:637-639, 1959. 9. Bronson SM, Kratz S: Visceral "air-lumenogram." Am J Roentgenol 86:29-36, 1961. 10. Faegenburg D: Fecaliths of the appendix . Am J Roentgenol 89:752-759, 1963. 11. Killen DA, Brooks DW Jr: Gas-filled appendix: A roentgenographic sign of acute appendicitis . Ann Surg 161:474-478, 1965.Crossref 12. Beneventano TC, Schein CJ, Jacobson HG: The roentgen aspects of some appendiceal abnormalities . Am J Roentgenol 96:344-360, 1966.Crossref 13. Tegtmeyer CJ, Thistlethwaite JR, Sneed TF: Roentgen findings in acute appendicitis . Med Ann DC 38:127-130, 1969. 14. Vaudagna JS, McCort JJ: Plain film diagnosis of retrocecal appendicitis . Radiology 117:533-536, 1975.Crossref 15. Samuel E: The gas-filled appendix . Br J Radiol 30:27-30, 1957.Crossref 16. Greenberg BE: Spontaneous pneumoperitoneum in appendicitis . Radiology 77:248-250, 1961.Crossref 17. Wangensteen OH, Buirge RE, Dennis C, et al: Studies in the etiology of acute appendicitis: The significance of the structure and function of the vermiform appendix in the genesis of appendicitis: A preliminary report . Ann Surg 106:910-942, 1937.Crossref 18. Collins DC: A study of 50,000 specimens of the human vermiform appendix . Surg Gynecol Obstet 101:437-445, 1955. 19. Wakeley CPG: The position of the vermiform appendix as ascertained by an analysis of 10,000 cases . J Anat 67:277-283, 1933. 20. Rajagopalan AE, Mason JH, Kennedy M, et al: The value of the barium enema in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis . Arch Surg 112:531-533, 1977.Crossref 21. Sakover RP, Delfava RL: Frequency of visualization of the normal appendix with the barium enema examination . Am J Roentgenol 121:312-317, 1974.Crossref 22. Fee HJ, Jones PC, Kadell B, et al: Radiologic diagnosis of appendicitis . Arch Surg 112:742-744, 1977.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

Gas in the Appendix: A Sometimes Significant But Nonspecific Diagnostic Sign

Archives of Surgery , Volume 114 (5) – May 1, 1979

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1979 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1979.01370290037006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • The gas-filled appendix is an uncommon roentgenographic sign that has been considered to be virtually diagnostic of acute appendicitis when the appendix is positioned caudad to the cecum in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. Three patients had gas in the appendix in the absence of acute appendicitis. This diagnostic sign is therefore not specific for appendicitis. Regardless of its location, the appendix may contain gas despite the absence of intrinsic disease. (Arch Surg 114:587-589, 1979) References 1. Soter CS: The contribution of the radiologist to the diagnosis of acute appendiceal disease . Med Radiogr Photogr 45:2-14, 1969. 2. Joffe N: Radiology of acute appendicitis and its complications . CRC Grit Rev Clin Radiol Nucl Med 7:97-160, 1975. 3. Lim MS: Gas-filled appendix: Lack of diagnostic specificity . Am J Roentgenol 128:209-210, 1976.Crossref 4. Joffe N, Soter CS, Lim MS: Letters: Gas-filled appendix dialog . AJR 129:182-183, 1977.Crossref 5. Shimkin PM: Commentary: Radiology of acute appendicitis . AJR 130:1001-1004, 1978.Crossref 6. Musgrove JE: Unusual roentgenographic findings in gangrenous appendicitis . Can Med Assoc J 67:666-667, 1952. 7. Soteropoulos C, Gilmore JH: Roentgen diagnoses of acute appendicitis . Radiology 71:246-256, 1958.Crossref 8. Fisher MS: A roentgen sign of gangrenous appendicitis . Am J Roentgenol 81:637-639, 1959. 9. Bronson SM, Kratz S: Visceral "air-lumenogram." Am J Roentgenol 86:29-36, 1961. 10. Faegenburg D: Fecaliths of the appendix . Am J Roentgenol 89:752-759, 1963. 11. Killen DA, Brooks DW Jr: Gas-filled appendix: A roentgenographic sign of acute appendicitis . Ann Surg 161:474-478, 1965.Crossref 12. Beneventano TC, Schein CJ, Jacobson HG: The roentgen aspects of some appendiceal abnormalities . Am J Roentgenol 96:344-360, 1966.Crossref 13. Tegtmeyer CJ, Thistlethwaite JR, Sneed TF: Roentgen findings in acute appendicitis . Med Ann DC 38:127-130, 1969. 14. Vaudagna JS, McCort JJ: Plain film diagnosis of retrocecal appendicitis . Radiology 117:533-536, 1975.Crossref 15. Samuel E: The gas-filled appendix . Br J Radiol 30:27-30, 1957.Crossref 16. Greenberg BE: Spontaneous pneumoperitoneum in appendicitis . Radiology 77:248-250, 1961.Crossref 17. Wangensteen OH, Buirge RE, Dennis C, et al: Studies in the etiology of acute appendicitis: The significance of the structure and function of the vermiform appendix in the genesis of appendicitis: A preliminary report . Ann Surg 106:910-942, 1937.Crossref 18. Collins DC: A study of 50,000 specimens of the human vermiform appendix . Surg Gynecol Obstet 101:437-445, 1955. 19. Wakeley CPG: The position of the vermiform appendix as ascertained by an analysis of 10,000 cases . J Anat 67:277-283, 1933. 20. Rajagopalan AE, Mason JH, Kennedy M, et al: The value of the barium enema in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis . Arch Surg 112:531-533, 1977.Crossref 21. Sakover RP, Delfava RL: Frequency of visualization of the normal appendix with the barium enema examination . Am J Roentgenol 121:312-317, 1974.Crossref 22. Fee HJ, Jones PC, Kadell B, et al: Radiologic diagnosis of appendicitis . Arch Surg 112:742-744, 1977.Crossref

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: May 1, 1979

References

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