Abstract THE CONSERVATION of hearing and the rehabilitation of those handicapped by impairment of hearing, which made great progress in the medical department of the armed forces, are being extended to civilian life to a greater degree than before. The study of hearing tests in relation to speech and the functional examination of hearing for the fitting of hearing aids constitute the subjects of a considerable portion of the articles reviewed. Much of this work is being done by well qualified audiologists other than doctors of medicine. Foreign literature is becoming more available. TESTS The Committee on the Conservation of Hearing reports their recommendations and method of recording audiometric results.1 Their suggestions are based on the results of a questionnaire sent to a large number of audiologists. The audiometric chart prepared by Fowler and Sabine conforms to all the recommendations contained in this report. The method of computing hearing loss from References 1. Thompson, E. A.: Methods for Recording Audiometric Findings Recommended by the Committee on the Conservation of Hearing , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 51:362 ( (March) -April) 1947. 2. Fowler, E. P.: The Percentage of Capacity to Hear Speech and Related Disabilities , Laryngoscope 57:103 ( (Feb.) ) 1947.Crossref 3. Hudgins, C. V.; Hawkins, J. E.; Karlin, J. E., and Stevens, S. S.: The Development of Recorded Auditory Tests for Measuring Hearing Loss for Speech , Laryngoscope 57:57 ( (Jan.) ) 1947.Crossref 4. Falconer, G. A., and Davis, H.: The Intelligibility of Connected Discourse as a Test for the "Threshold for Speech," Laryngoscope 57:581 ( (Sept.) ) 1947.Crossref 5. Trowbridge, B. C.: Correlations of Hearing Tests , Arch. Otolaryng. 45:319 ( (March) ) 1947.Crossref 6. Tentative Standard Procedure for Evaluating the Percentage Loss of Hearing in Medicolegal Cases, Report of the Council on Physical Medicine , J. A. M. A. 133:396 ( (Feb. 8) ) 1947. 7. Silverman, S. R.: Tolerance for Pure Tones and Speech in Normal and Defective Hearing , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 56:658 ( (Sept.) ) 1947. 8. Fowler, E. P. Jr.: Discovery and Evaluation of Otic Cripples , Arch. Otolaryng. 45:550 ( (May) ) 1947. 9. Reger, S. N., and Hays, A. N.: A Group Pure Tone Hearing Test , J. Speech Disorders 12:61 ( (March) ) 1947. 10. Dix, M. R., and Hallpike, C. S.: The Peep Show: A New Technique for Pure-Tone Audiometry in Young Children , Brit. M. J. 2:719 ( (Nov. 8) ) 1947. 11. Froeschels, E., and Beebe, H.: Testing the Hearing of Newborn Infants , Arch. Otolaryng. 44:710 ( (Dec.) ) 1946. 12. Arnold, G.: Electrical Devices for Testing the Hearing Reflexes , Wien. med. Wchnschr. 97:32 ( (Jan. 11) ) 1947. 13. Wishart, D. E. S.: Prognosis in the Hard-of-Hearing Child , Laryngoscope 57:444 ( (July) ) 1947. 14. Michels, M. W., and Randt, C. T.: Galvanic Skin Response in the Differential Diagnosis of Deafness , Arch. Otolaryng. 45:302 ( (March) ) 1947. 15. Semenov, H.: Deafness of Psychic Origin and Its Responses to Narcosynthesis , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 51:326 ( (March) -April) 1947. 16. Popa, N.: A New Method for Testing Hearing: Autospirophony , Bull. Acad. méd. Roumanie 10:7, 1945. 17. Lasagna, F., and Nuovo, V.: Paracusis Willisii , Arch. ital. di otol. 54:2 ( (Jan.) ) 1942. 18. Porta, C. F.: Audiometry: A New Method of Testing in the Diagnosis of Cochlear Disorders , Arch. ital. di otol. 54:29 ( (Jan.) ) 1942. 19. Carrell, J., and Gormley, G. J.: A Critical Review of the Literature on the Validity and Reliability of the Audiogram , Speech Monogr. 13:665, 1946. 20. Mackenzie, W.: Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Deafness , Post-Grad. M. J. 23:3 ( (Jan.) ) 1947. 21. Lempert, J.; Wever, E. G., and Lawrence, M.: The Cochleogram and Its Clinical Application: Preliminary Report , Arch. Otolaryng. 45:61 ( (Jan.) ) 1947.Crossref 22. von Békésy, G.: Sound Pressure Difference Between Round and Oval Windows and Artificial Window of Labyrinthine Fenestration , Acta oto-laryng. 35:301, 1947.Crossref 23. Rasmussen, H.: Studies on the Effect Upon the Hearing Through Air Conduction Brought About by Variations of This Pressure in the Auditory Meatus , Acta oto-laryng. 34:415, 1946.Crossref 24. Metz, O.: Acoustic Impedance Measured on Normal and Pathological Ears: Orientating Studies on the Applicability of Impedence Measurement in Otological Diagnosis , Acta oto-laryng. , 1946, (supp. 63) , p. 3. 25. Lindsay, J. R.: The Fenestration Operation: Observations on the Evaluation of Hearing Tests , Laryngoscope 57:367 ( (June) ) 1947.Crossref 26. Nussdorfer, R.: Audiometry in Occupational Deafness , Oto-rino-laring. ital. 12:431, 1942. 27. Grove, W. E.: Noise in Industry , Laryngoscope 57:114 ( (Feb.) ) 1947.Crossref 28. Russi, U.: Acoustic Damage in Industry and Its Prevention , Pract. oto-rhino-laryng. 8:71, 1946. 29. MacLaren, W. R., and Chaney, A. L.: An Evaluation of Some Factors in the Development of Occupational Deafness , Indust. Med. 16:109 ( (March) ) 1947. 30. Wishart, D. E. S.: Practical Methods of Testing Hearing for Hospital and Offices , Canad. M. A. J. 55:567-571 ( (Dec.) ) 1946. 31. Escher, F.: Cerebral Trauma and Hearing , Pract. oto-rhino-laryng. 8:505, 1946. 32. Rüedi, L., and Furrer, W.: Acoustic Trauma , Pract. oto-rhino-laryng. 8:177, 1946. 33. Grove, W. E.: Hearing Impairment Due to Craniocerebral Trauma , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 56:264 ( (June) ) 1947. 34. Weiss, J. A.: Deafness Due to Acoustic Trauma in Warfare , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 56:175 ( (March) ) 1947. 35. Cope, B. A., and Johnson, H. B.: Aural Scotomas Produced by Gunfire , Arch. Otolaryng. 45:676 ( (June) ) 1947. 36. Hoople, G. D.; Wolfe, W. C., and Bregande, S. C.: Unrecognized Battle Noise Trauma , Laryngoscope 57:125 ( (Feb.) ) 1947. 37. Graebner, H.: Auditory Deterioration in Airline Pilots , J. Aviation Med. 18:39 ( (Feb.) ) 1947. 38. Taylor, H. M.: Ear Defenders , Laryngoscope 57:137 ( (Feb.) ) 1947. 39. Sullivan, J. A.: A Statistical Analysis of Audiometric Surveys in the Royal Canadian Air Force , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 55:839 ( (Dec.) ) 1946. 40. Morrissett, L. E.: The Aural Rehabilitation Program of the U. S. Army for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 55:821 ( (Dec.) ) 1946. 41. Work, W. P.: Aural Rehabilitation Army Experience , Laryngoscope 57:423 ( (July) ) 1947. 42. McIntire, R. T.: Program for the Deaf , Mil. Surgeon 100:207 ( (March) ) 1947. 43. Treatment Services Bulletin, Canadian Department of Veterans Affairs, November 1946, vol. 1, p. 15. 44. Ewing, A. W. G.: Hearing Aid Clinics in England , Laryngoscope 57:41 ( (Jan.) ) 1947.Crossref 45. Goodhill, V.: The Educational Treatment of the Pre-School Deaf Child , Laryngoscope 57:555 ( (Aug.) ) 1947.Crossref 46. Tamari, M., and Speas, R.: Ear, Nose and Throat Survey of Children in the School for the Deaf at Jacksonville, Illinois , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 56:425 ( (June) ) 1947. 47. Clayton-Jones, E.: Rubella as a Cause of Congenital Deafness in England , Lancet 1:56 ( (Jan. 11) ) 1947. 48. Hopkins, L. A.: Congenital Deafness and Other Defects Following German Measles in Mother , Am. J. Dis. Child. 72:377 ( (Oct.) ) 1946. 49. Ry Andersen, S. R.: Congenital Total Colour Blindness Co-Existing with Heredo-Labyrinthine Deafness , Acta ophth. 24:99, 1946. 50. Luchsinger, R.: Auditory Aphasia and Cortical Deafness , Schweiz. med. Wchnschr. 77:347 ( (March) ) 1947. 51. della Cioppa, A.: Classification of Deaf-Mutism , Boll. d. mal. d. orecchio, d. gola, d. naso 60:274 ( (July) ) 1942. 52. Pang, L. Q.: The Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Conductive Deafness , Hawaii M. J. 6:165 ( (Jan.) -Feb.) 1947. 53. Crowe, S.: Irradiation of the Nasopharynx , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 80:297 ( (May) ) 1947. 54. Fowler, E. P. Jr., and Seligman, E.: Otic Complications of Streptomycin Therapy: Preliminary Report , J. A. M. A. 133:87 ( (Jan. 11) ) 1947. 55. Hallberg, O. E., and Horton, B. T.: Sudden Nerve Deafness: Treatment by the Intravenous Administration of Histamine , Proc. Staff Meet., Mayo Clin. 22:145 ( (April 16) ) 1947. 56. Moe, R.: Transitory Deafness , Acta oto-laryng. 35:20, 1947. 57. Grove, W. E.: Arch. Otolaryng. 46:553 ( (Oct.) ) 1947. 58. Kristensen, H. K.: On Relation Between the Hearing of Weavers and the Body Type , Acta oto.-laryn. 34:82, 1946. 59. Carhart, R., and Thompson, E. A.: The Fitting of Hearing Aids , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 51:354 ( (March) -April) 1947. 60. Nichols, R. H., Jr.: Physical Characteristics of Hearing Aids , Laryngoscope 57:31 ( (Jan.) ) 1947. 61. Saltzman, M., and Ersner, M. S.: A Hearing Aid for the Relief of Tinnitus Aurium , Laryngoscope 57:358 ( (May) ) 1947.
Archives of Otolaryngology – American Medical Association
Published: Oct 1, 1948