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Formaldehyde Allergy: The Quantitative Analysis of American Clothing for Free Formaldehyde and its Relevance in Clinical Practice

Formaldehyde Allergy: The Quantitative Analysis of American Clothing for Free Formaldehyde and... Abstract The free formaldehyde content, both in parts per million (ppm) and in percentage, was determined by quantitative analysis on 112 fabrics obtained from American textile manufacturers and distributors. This fabric sampling included textiles of 39 different types of composition. All 112 samples, regardless of composition, contained some free formaldehyde. In an analysis of 15 samples of 100% polyester knit and eight samples of 100% polyacrylonitrile (Orlon), it appears that these fabrics, in general, contain less free formaldehyde than those made up of 100% rayon, 100% cotton, 50% polyester and 50% cotton, and fabric composed of 65% synthetic polyester fiber (Dacron) and 35% cotton. Formaldehyde content in this study of clothing samples ranged from 1 to 3,517 ppm. References 1. Marcussen PV: Contact dermatitis due to formaldehyde in textiles, 1934-1958: Preliminary report . Acta Derm Venereol 39:348-356, 1959. 2. Høvding G: Contact eczema due to formaldehyde in resin finished textiles . Acta Derm Venereol 41:194-200, 1961. 3. Wereide K: Formaldehyde as a contact allergen in textiles . Acta Allergol 19:351-363, 1964.Crossref 4. Cronin E: Formalin textile dermatitis . Br J Dermatol 75:267-273, 1963.Crossref 5. Fisher AA, Kanof NB, Biondi EM: Free formaldehyde in textiles and paper . Arch Dermatol 86:753-756, 1962.Crossref 6. O'Quinn SE, Kennedy CB: Contact dermatitis due to formaldehyde in clothing textiles . JAMA 194:123-126, 1965.Crossref 7. Høvding G: Free formaldehyde in textiles (A cure of contact eczema) . Acta Derm Venereol 39:357-368, 1959. 8. Berrens L, Young E, Jansen LH: Free formaldehyde in textiles in relation to formalin contact sensitivity . Br J Dermatol 76:110-115, 1964.Crossref 9. Black H: Contact dermatitis from formaldehyde in newsprint . Contact Dermatitis Newsletter , No. (10) , 1971, p 242. 10. Horsfall FL Jr: Formaldehyde hypersensitiveness: experimental study . J Immunol 27:569-581, 1934. 11. Reid JD, et al: Studies of wrinkle resistant finishes for cotton textiles: I. Release of formaldehyde vapors on storage of wrinkle resistant cotton fabrics . Am Dyestuff Reporter 49:490-531, 1960. 12. Schorr WF, Mohajerin AH: Paraben sensitivity . Arch Dermatol 93:721-723, 1966.Crossref 13. Schorr WF: Allergic skin reactions from cosmetic preservatives . Am Perf Cosm 85:39-47, 1970. 14. Schorr WF: Cosmetic allergy: A comprehensive study of the many groups of chemical antimicrobial agents . Arch Dermatol 104:459-465, 1971.Crossref 15. Schorr WF: Paraben allergy: A cause of intractable dermatitis . JAMA 204:107-110, 1968.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Formaldehyde Allergy: The Quantitative Analysis of American Clothing for Free Formaldehyde and its Relevance in Clinical Practice

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1974 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-987X
eISSN
1538-3652
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1974.01630070041007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The free formaldehyde content, both in parts per million (ppm) and in percentage, was determined by quantitative analysis on 112 fabrics obtained from American textile manufacturers and distributors. This fabric sampling included textiles of 39 different types of composition. All 112 samples, regardless of composition, contained some free formaldehyde. In an analysis of 15 samples of 100% polyester knit and eight samples of 100% polyacrylonitrile (Orlon), it appears that these fabrics, in general, contain less free formaldehyde than those made up of 100% rayon, 100% cotton, 50% polyester and 50% cotton, and fabric composed of 65% synthetic polyester fiber (Dacron) and 35% cotton. Formaldehyde content in this study of clothing samples ranged from 1 to 3,517 ppm. References 1. Marcussen PV: Contact dermatitis due to formaldehyde in textiles, 1934-1958: Preliminary report . Acta Derm Venereol 39:348-356, 1959. 2. Høvding G: Contact eczema due to formaldehyde in resin finished textiles . Acta Derm Venereol 41:194-200, 1961. 3. Wereide K: Formaldehyde as a contact allergen in textiles . Acta Allergol 19:351-363, 1964.Crossref 4. Cronin E: Formalin textile dermatitis . Br J Dermatol 75:267-273, 1963.Crossref 5. Fisher AA, Kanof NB, Biondi EM: Free formaldehyde in textiles and paper . Arch Dermatol 86:753-756, 1962.Crossref 6. O'Quinn SE, Kennedy CB: Contact dermatitis due to formaldehyde in clothing textiles . JAMA 194:123-126, 1965.Crossref 7. Høvding G: Free formaldehyde in textiles (A cure of contact eczema) . Acta Derm Venereol 39:357-368, 1959. 8. Berrens L, Young E, Jansen LH: Free formaldehyde in textiles in relation to formalin contact sensitivity . Br J Dermatol 76:110-115, 1964.Crossref 9. Black H: Contact dermatitis from formaldehyde in newsprint . Contact Dermatitis Newsletter , No. (10) , 1971, p 242. 10. Horsfall FL Jr: Formaldehyde hypersensitiveness: experimental study . J Immunol 27:569-581, 1934. 11. Reid JD, et al: Studies of wrinkle resistant finishes for cotton textiles: I. Release of formaldehyde vapors on storage of wrinkle resistant cotton fabrics . Am Dyestuff Reporter 49:490-531, 1960. 12. Schorr WF, Mohajerin AH: Paraben sensitivity . Arch Dermatol 93:721-723, 1966.Crossref 13. Schorr WF: Allergic skin reactions from cosmetic preservatives . Am Perf Cosm 85:39-47, 1970. 14. Schorr WF: Cosmetic allergy: A comprehensive study of the many groups of chemical antimicrobial agents . Arch Dermatol 104:459-465, 1971.Crossref 15. Schorr WF: Paraben allergy: A cause of intractable dermatitis . JAMA 204:107-110, 1968.Crossref

Journal

Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jul 1, 1974

References