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FACIAL PALSY OF OTITIC ORIGIN: WITH SPECIAL REGARD TO ITS PROGNOSIS UNDER CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT AND THE POSSIBILITIES OF IMPROVING RESULTS BY ACTIVE SURGICAL INTERVENTION: AN ACCOUNT OF 264 CASES SUBJECTED TO REEXAMINATION

FACIAL PALSY OF OTITIC ORIGIN: WITH SPECIAL REGARD TO ITS PROGNOSIS UNDER CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT... Abstract Facial palsy is serious not because it endangers the patient directly but because, the face being "the mirror of the soul," the afflicted creature loses what Duel1 so aptly named "the language of facial expression." That this may have far reaching psychic, social and economic consequences needs no explanation. It is therefore understandable that in the past many attempts have been made by many different routes to come to the aid of patients with facial paralysis, but only the intratemporal surgical approach to the facial nerve seems to have brought the surgeon near the goal. Chief credit for this treatment must be given to the Englishman Sir Charles Ballance and the American Dr. Arthur B. Duel, who by their comprehensive animal experiments and subsequent operations on human beings have created the foundation on which present day surgeons build. The results achieved by Ballance and Duel2 and later by a whole References 1. Duel, A. B.: History and Development of the Surgical Treatment of Facial Palsy , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 56:382, 1933. 2. Ballance, C., and Duel, A. B.: The Operative Treatment of Facial Palsy , Arch. Otolaryng. 15:1-70 ( (Jan.) ) 1932. 3. Tickle, T. G.: The Surgical Treatment of Facial Paralyses , in Kopetzky, S.: Surgery of the Ear , New York, Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1939. 4. Sullivan, J. A.: A Modification of Ballance-Duel Technique in the Treatment of Facial Paralysis , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 41:282, 1936. 5. Ney, K. W.: Facial Paralysis and the Surgical Repair of the Facial Nerve , Laryngoscope 32:327, 1922. 6. Martin, R. C.: (a) Intratemporal Suture of the Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 13:259 ( (Feb.) ) 1931 7. Surgical Repair of the Facial Nerve , Martin Arch. Otolaryng. 23:458 ( (April) ) 1936 8. Recent Experiences with Operation on Facial Nerve , Martin Arch. Otolaryng. 32:1071 ( (Dec.) ) 1940. 9. Bunnell, S.: Surgical Repair of the Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 25:235 ( (March) ) 1937. 10. Kettel, K.: Surgical Treatment of Peripheral Facial Paralysis, Ugesk. f. læger, to be published. 11. Morris, W. M.: Surgical Treatment of Facial Paralysis: A Review of Forty-Six Cases , Lancet 2:558, 1939. 12. Sewall, E. C.: Decompression of the Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 18:746 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 13. Watson-Williams, E.: Facial Paralysis Occurring During Mastoid Operation; Decompression of Facial Nerve; Complete Recovery , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. (Sect. Otol.) 22:98, 1929 14. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 14:856, 1930. 15. Sandor: Two Cases of Facial Palsy "e Frigore" Cured by Decompression , J. Laryng. & Otol. 49:503, 1934. 16. Bauer, G.: Nerve Graft in Facial Palsy , Acta chir. Scandinav. 81:130, 1938. 17. Bergström, E.: Good Result After Operation for Traumatic Defect of the Facial Nerve , Nord. med. (Hygiea) 8:2102, 1940. 18. Hall, I. S.: Two Cases Illustrating Ballance-Duel Technique , J. Laryng. & Otol. 52:648, 1937 19. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 29:672, 1938. 20. Cardwell, E. P.: Direct Implantation of Free Nerve Grafts Between Facial Musculature and Facial Trunk , Arch. Otolaryng. 27:469 ( (April) ) 1938. 21. Poppen, cited by Eagleton.18 22. Eagleton, W. P.: Intradural Conditions in Relation to Rhinology and Otology: Critical Survey of Literature , Arch. Otolaryng. 32:109 ( (July) ) 1940. 23. Bunnell, S., and Boyes, J. H.: Nerve Grafts , Am. J. Surg. 44:64, 1939. 24. Brooke: A Case of Facial Paralysis Treated by Facial Grafts , Brit. J. Surg. 20:523, 1933.Crossref 25. Collier, D. J.: Facial Paralysis: Ballance-Duel Nerve Graft , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 29:1679, 1936. 26. Kisch, H.: Facial Paralysis: Ballance-Duel Nerve Graft; Recovery , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 29:1679, 1936 27. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 29:54, 1938. 28. Lindsay, J. R.: Transplantation of Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 27:131 ( (Jan.) ) 1938.Crossref 29. McArthur, G. A. D.: Repair of Facial Nerve Lesion by Nerve Graft , M. J. Australia 2:1123, 1939. 30. Scott, S.: Nerve-Graft in the Treatment of Facial Paralysis: Ballance and Duel Method , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 28:236, 1935 31. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 25:61, 1936. 32. Rosenthal, W.: Ueber muskuläre Neurotisation bei Facialislähmungen , Zentralbl. f. Chir. 43:489, 1916. 33. Doroschenko, S. T.: Verbesserungen bei der Paralyse des Gesichtes , Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 70:1303, 1936. 34. Cistjakov: Ueber operative Behandlung der Fazialisparalyse mittels Muskelplastik nach Rosenthal , Nov. khir. 12:222, 1931 35. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 18:110, 1932. 36. Jaritzin, A. A.: Muscle Neurotisation in the Case of Facial Palsy , Folia neuropath. eston. 15-16:131, 1936 37. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 27:226, 1937. 38. Eden, R.: Ueber die chirurgische Behandlung der peripheren Fazialislähmung , Beitr. z. klin. Chir. 73:116, 1911. 39. Nühsmann, T.: Diagnose, Prognose und Therapie der otogenen Fazialislähmung , in Denker, A., and Kahler, O.: Handbuch der Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1926, vol. 8, pt. 3. 40. Momburg: Die kosmetische Behandlung der Fazialislähmung nach Busch , Berl. klin. Wchnschr. 47:1115, 1910. 41. Moszkowicz: Faszienplastik bei Fazialislähmung , Wien. klin. Wchnschr. 41:1151, 1928. 42. Kirschner, M.: Die gegenwärtige Stand und die nächsten Aussichten der autoplastischen freien Fascienübertragung , Beitr. z. klin. Chir. 86:45, 1913. 43. Demel, R.: Ein Beitrag zur Fascienplastik bei Facialislähmung , Zentralbl. f. Chir. 61:1445, 1934. 44. Gillies, H.: Experiencs with Fascia Lata Grafts in the Operative Treatment of Facial Paralysis , J. Laryng. & Otol. 49:743, 1934. 45. Gomoin, cited by Eden.30 46. Halle, M.: The Occurrence of Facial Paralysis and Methods for Its Correction , Laryngoscope 48:225, 1938. 47. Lexer, E.: Zur Gesichtsplastik , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 92:786, 1910. 48. Perthes: Ist die Nervenpropfung oder die Muskelplastik für die Behandlung irreparabler Facialislähmungen vorzuziehen? Zentralbl. f. Chir. 51:2073, 1924. 49. Sanvenero-Roselli, G.: Paralisi del facciale e sua cura chirurgica , Atti clin. otol., Univ. Torino 2:299, 1935. 50. Leriche and Hesse, cited by Doroschenko.27 51. Fowler, E. P., Jr.: (a) Abnormal Movements Following Injury to the Facial Nerve , J. A. M. A. 113:1003 ( (Sept. 9) ) 1939Crossref 52. The Management and Treatment of Afflictions of the Facial Nerve Within the Fallopian Canal , Acta oto-laryng. 27:615, 1939.Crossref 53. van Gielse, P. H. G.: Le clignement dans la paralysie faciale périphérique otogène , Acta oto-laryng. 24:162, 1936.Crossref 54. Howe, H. A.; Tower, S. S., and Duel, A. B.: Facial Tic in Relation to Injury of Facial Nerve: Experimental Study , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 38:1190 ( (Dec.) ) 1937. 55. Hofmann, L.: Der Faserverlauf im Nervus facialis , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 10:86, 1924. 56. Szende: Untersuchungen über die Geschmacksempfindungen nach Ohroperationen , Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 69:737, 1935. 57. Wohlfeil, M.: Ueber Geschmacksstörungen nach Mittelohrerkrankungen und Radikaloperationen, Inaug. Dissert., Königsberg, 1936. 58. Ho, W. Y. H.: Disturbances of Taste of Otitic Origin with Special Reference to Operations on the Ear , Arch. Otolaryng. 26:146 ( (Aug.) ) 1937. 59. Pöllmann: Fazialisparesen , Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 71:1068, 1937. 60. Persky, A. H.: Facial Palsy of Otitic Origin , Arch. Otolaryng. 27:395 ( (April) ) 1938. 61. Körner, O.: Ueber Fazialislähmung infolge von Operationen im Mittelohr und am Schläfenbein , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 72:186, 1915. 62. Björk, H.: Peripheral Facial Paralysis Following Acute Otitis , Finska läk.- sällsk. handl. 79:622, 1936. 63. McCaskey, C. H.: The Etiology and Treatment of Seventh Nerve Paralysis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 49:199, 1940. 64. Morwitz, S. M.: Facial Paralysis Associated with Acute Otitis Media , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 37:1263, 1928. 65. Lillie, H. I.: The Diagnostic Significance of Partial Paralysis of the Facial Nerve in Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media and Mastoiditis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:38, 1941. 66. Pollak, E.: Die Erkrankungen des facialis , in Alexander, G., and Marburg, O.: Handbuch der Neurologie des Ohres , Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1924, vol. 2, pt. 1, pp. 1-76. 67. Danelius, B. D.: Die Fazialislähmung als Indikation für die Aufmeiselung von Processus mastoideus bei akuter Mittelohrsuppuration , Acta oto-laryng. 2:355, 1920. 68. Lund, R.: Die Facialisparese bei suppurativen Mittelohrleiden mit besonderem Hinblick auf ihre Verbindung mit labyrinthären Komplikationen und ihre Bedeutung als Operationsindikation. Die postoperative Facialisparese , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 23:296, 1929. 69. Vogt, H.: Die Paralyse des Nervus facialis im Anschlusse an Otitis media acuta, Inaug. Dissert., Heidelberg, 1899 70. Pollak.57 71. Canuyt, G.: Fait clinique sur un cas d'otite moyenne aiguë suppurée gauche avec mastoïdite et paralysie faciale périphérique gauche d'origine otogène. Trépanation mastoïdienne. Guérison , Oto-rhino-laryng. internat. 6:260, 1922. 72. Baranger, A.: Du pronostic et des indications opératoires apportés par la paralysie faciale périphérique au cours d'unne otite myoenne purulente aiguë , Ann. d. mal. de l'oreille, du larynx 45:1024, 1926. 73. Manasse, P.: Fazialislähmung bei akuter Otitis media , Deutsche med. Wchnschr. 52:532, 1926.Crossref 74. Sirelius, U.: Facial Palsy as Indication for Trepanation in Acute Otitis , Duodecim 51:329, 1935. 75. Dintenfass, H.: Facial Paralysis from Acute Middle Ear Suppuration , Pennsylvania M. J. 38:854, 1935. 76. Vermes, E.: Zur pathologischen Anatomie der otogenen Facialislähmung , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 29:290, 1931. 77. Fremel, F.: Zur Pathologie der otogenen Gesichtslähmung . Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 65:950, 1931. 78. Liebermann, T.: Ein Fall von Fazialisparalysis verursacht durch Chromsäureätzung , Deutsche med. Wchnschr. 48:905, 1922.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

FACIAL PALSY OF OTITIC ORIGIN: WITH SPECIAL REGARD TO ITS PROGNOSIS UNDER CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT AND THE POSSIBILITIES OF IMPROVING RESULTS BY ACTIVE SURGICAL INTERVENTION: AN ACCOUNT OF 264 CASES SUBJECTED TO REEXAMINATION

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 37 (3) – Mar 1, 1943

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American Medical Association
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Copyright © 1943 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1943.00670030313001
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Abstract

Abstract Facial palsy is serious not because it endangers the patient directly but because, the face being "the mirror of the soul," the afflicted creature loses what Duel1 so aptly named "the language of facial expression." That this may have far reaching psychic, social and economic consequences needs no explanation. It is therefore understandable that in the past many attempts have been made by many different routes to come to the aid of patients with facial paralysis, but only the intratemporal surgical approach to the facial nerve seems to have brought the surgeon near the goal. Chief credit for this treatment must be given to the Englishman Sir Charles Ballance and the American Dr. Arthur B. Duel, who by their comprehensive animal experiments and subsequent operations on human beings have created the foundation on which present day surgeons build. The results achieved by Ballance and Duel2 and later by a whole References 1. Duel, A. B.: History and Development of the Surgical Treatment of Facial Palsy , Surg., Gynec. & Obst. 56:382, 1933. 2. Ballance, C., and Duel, A. B.: The Operative Treatment of Facial Palsy , Arch. Otolaryng. 15:1-70 ( (Jan.) ) 1932. 3. Tickle, T. G.: The Surgical Treatment of Facial Paralyses , in Kopetzky, S.: Surgery of the Ear , New York, Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1939. 4. Sullivan, J. A.: A Modification of Ballance-Duel Technique in the Treatment of Facial Paralysis , Tr. Am. Acad. Ophth. 41:282, 1936. 5. Ney, K. W.: Facial Paralysis and the Surgical Repair of the Facial Nerve , Laryngoscope 32:327, 1922. 6. Martin, R. C.: (a) Intratemporal Suture of the Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 13:259 ( (Feb.) ) 1931 7. Surgical Repair of the Facial Nerve , Martin Arch. Otolaryng. 23:458 ( (April) ) 1936 8. Recent Experiences with Operation on Facial Nerve , Martin Arch. Otolaryng. 32:1071 ( (Dec.) ) 1940. 9. Bunnell, S.: Surgical Repair of the Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 25:235 ( (March) ) 1937. 10. Kettel, K.: Surgical Treatment of Peripheral Facial Paralysis, Ugesk. f. læger, to be published. 11. Morris, W. M.: Surgical Treatment of Facial Paralysis: A Review of Forty-Six Cases , Lancet 2:558, 1939. 12. Sewall, E. C.: Decompression of the Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 18:746 ( (Dec.) ) 1933. 13. Watson-Williams, E.: Facial Paralysis Occurring During Mastoid Operation; Decompression of Facial Nerve; Complete Recovery , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. (Sect. Otol.) 22:98, 1929 14. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 14:856, 1930. 15. Sandor: Two Cases of Facial Palsy "e Frigore" Cured by Decompression , J. Laryng. & Otol. 49:503, 1934. 16. Bauer, G.: Nerve Graft in Facial Palsy , Acta chir. Scandinav. 81:130, 1938. 17. Bergström, E.: Good Result After Operation for Traumatic Defect of the Facial Nerve , Nord. med. (Hygiea) 8:2102, 1940. 18. Hall, I. S.: Two Cases Illustrating Ballance-Duel Technique , J. Laryng. & Otol. 52:648, 1937 19. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 29:672, 1938. 20. Cardwell, E. P.: Direct Implantation of Free Nerve Grafts Between Facial Musculature and Facial Trunk , Arch. Otolaryng. 27:469 ( (April) ) 1938. 21. Poppen, cited by Eagleton.18 22. Eagleton, W. P.: Intradural Conditions in Relation to Rhinology and Otology: Critical Survey of Literature , Arch. Otolaryng. 32:109 ( (July) ) 1940. 23. Bunnell, S., and Boyes, J. H.: Nerve Grafts , Am. J. Surg. 44:64, 1939. 24. Brooke: A Case of Facial Paralysis Treated by Facial Grafts , Brit. J. Surg. 20:523, 1933.Crossref 25. Collier, D. J.: Facial Paralysis: Ballance-Duel Nerve Graft , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 29:1679, 1936. 26. Kisch, H.: Facial Paralysis: Ballance-Duel Nerve Graft; Recovery , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 29:1679, 1936 27. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 29:54, 1938. 28. Lindsay, J. R.: Transplantation of Facial Nerve , Arch. Otolaryng. 27:131 ( (Jan.) ) 1938.Crossref 29. McArthur, G. A. D.: Repair of Facial Nerve Lesion by Nerve Graft , M. J. Australia 2:1123, 1939. 30. Scott, S.: Nerve-Graft in the Treatment of Facial Paralysis: Ballance and Duel Method , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. 28:236, 1935 31. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 25:61, 1936. 32. Rosenthal, W.: Ueber muskuläre Neurotisation bei Facialislähmungen , Zentralbl. f. Chir. 43:489, 1916. 33. Doroschenko, S. T.: Verbesserungen bei der Paralyse des Gesichtes , Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 70:1303, 1936. 34. Cistjakov: Ueber operative Behandlung der Fazialisparalyse mittels Muskelplastik nach Rosenthal , Nov. khir. 12:222, 1931 35. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 18:110, 1932. 36. Jaritzin, A. A.: Muscle Neurotisation in the Case of Facial Palsy , Folia neuropath. eston. 15-16:131, 1936 37. abstracted, Zentralbl. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 27:226, 1937. 38. Eden, R.: Ueber die chirurgische Behandlung der peripheren Fazialislähmung , Beitr. z. klin. Chir. 73:116, 1911. 39. Nühsmann, T.: Diagnose, Prognose und Therapie der otogenen Fazialislähmung , in Denker, A., and Kahler, O.: Handbuch der Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1926, vol. 8, pt. 3. 40. Momburg: Die kosmetische Behandlung der Fazialislähmung nach Busch , Berl. klin. Wchnschr. 47:1115, 1910. 41. Moszkowicz: Faszienplastik bei Fazialislähmung , Wien. klin. Wchnschr. 41:1151, 1928. 42. Kirschner, M.: Die gegenwärtige Stand und die nächsten Aussichten der autoplastischen freien Fascienübertragung , Beitr. z. klin. Chir. 86:45, 1913. 43. Demel, R.: Ein Beitrag zur Fascienplastik bei Facialislähmung , Zentralbl. f. Chir. 61:1445, 1934. 44. Gillies, H.: Experiencs with Fascia Lata Grafts in the Operative Treatment of Facial Paralysis , J. Laryng. & Otol. 49:743, 1934. 45. Gomoin, cited by Eden.30 46. Halle, M.: The Occurrence of Facial Paralysis and Methods for Its Correction , Laryngoscope 48:225, 1938. 47. Lexer, E.: Zur Gesichtsplastik , Arch. f. klin. Chir. 92:786, 1910. 48. Perthes: Ist die Nervenpropfung oder die Muskelplastik für die Behandlung irreparabler Facialislähmungen vorzuziehen? Zentralbl. f. Chir. 51:2073, 1924. 49. Sanvenero-Roselli, G.: Paralisi del facciale e sua cura chirurgica , Atti clin. otol., Univ. Torino 2:299, 1935. 50. Leriche and Hesse, cited by Doroschenko.27 51. Fowler, E. P., Jr.: (a) Abnormal Movements Following Injury to the Facial Nerve , J. A. M. A. 113:1003 ( (Sept. 9) ) 1939Crossref 52. The Management and Treatment of Afflictions of the Facial Nerve Within the Fallopian Canal , Acta oto-laryng. 27:615, 1939.Crossref 53. van Gielse, P. H. G.: Le clignement dans la paralysie faciale périphérique otogène , Acta oto-laryng. 24:162, 1936.Crossref 54. Howe, H. A.; Tower, S. S., and Duel, A. B.: Facial Tic in Relation to Injury of Facial Nerve: Experimental Study , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 38:1190 ( (Dec.) ) 1937. 55. Hofmann, L.: Der Faserverlauf im Nervus facialis , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 10:86, 1924. 56. Szende: Untersuchungen über die Geschmacksempfindungen nach Ohroperationen , Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 69:737, 1935. 57. Wohlfeil, M.: Ueber Geschmacksstörungen nach Mittelohrerkrankungen und Radikaloperationen, Inaug. Dissert., Königsberg, 1936. 58. Ho, W. Y. H.: Disturbances of Taste of Otitic Origin with Special Reference to Operations on the Ear , Arch. Otolaryng. 26:146 ( (Aug.) ) 1937. 59. Pöllmann: Fazialisparesen , Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 71:1068, 1937. 60. Persky, A. H.: Facial Palsy of Otitic Origin , Arch. Otolaryng. 27:395 ( (April) ) 1938. 61. Körner, O.: Ueber Fazialislähmung infolge von Operationen im Mittelohr und am Schläfenbein , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 72:186, 1915. 62. Björk, H.: Peripheral Facial Paralysis Following Acute Otitis , Finska läk.- sällsk. handl. 79:622, 1936. 63. McCaskey, C. H.: The Etiology and Treatment of Seventh Nerve Paralysis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 49:199, 1940. 64. Morwitz, S. M.: Facial Paralysis Associated with Acute Otitis Media , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 37:1263, 1928. 65. Lillie, H. I.: The Diagnostic Significance of Partial Paralysis of the Facial Nerve in Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media and Mastoiditis , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 50:38, 1941. 66. Pollak, E.: Die Erkrankungen des facialis , in Alexander, G., and Marburg, O.: Handbuch der Neurologie des Ohres , Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1924, vol. 2, pt. 1, pp. 1-76. 67. Danelius, B. D.: Die Fazialislähmung als Indikation für die Aufmeiselung von Processus mastoideus bei akuter Mittelohrsuppuration , Acta oto-laryng. 2:355, 1920. 68. Lund, R.: Die Facialisparese bei suppurativen Mittelohrleiden mit besonderem Hinblick auf ihre Verbindung mit labyrinthären Komplikationen und ihre Bedeutung als Operationsindikation. Die postoperative Facialisparese , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 23:296, 1929. 69. Vogt, H.: Die Paralyse des Nervus facialis im Anschlusse an Otitis media acuta, Inaug. Dissert., Heidelberg, 1899 70. Pollak.57 71. Canuyt, G.: Fait clinique sur un cas d'otite moyenne aiguë suppurée gauche avec mastoïdite et paralysie faciale périphérique gauche d'origine otogène. Trépanation mastoïdienne. Guérison , Oto-rhino-laryng. internat. 6:260, 1922. 72. Baranger, A.: Du pronostic et des indications opératoires apportés par la paralysie faciale périphérique au cours d'unne otite myoenne purulente aiguë , Ann. d. mal. de l'oreille, du larynx 45:1024, 1926. 73. Manasse, P.: Fazialislähmung bei akuter Otitis media , Deutsche med. Wchnschr. 52:532, 1926.Crossref 74. Sirelius, U.: Facial Palsy as Indication for Trepanation in Acute Otitis , Duodecim 51:329, 1935. 75. Dintenfass, H.: Facial Paralysis from Acute Middle Ear Suppuration , Pennsylvania M. J. 38:854, 1935. 76. Vermes, E.: Zur pathologischen Anatomie der otogenen Facialislähmung , Ztschr. f. Hals-, Nasen- u. Ohrenh. 29:290, 1931. 77. Fremel, F.: Zur Pathologie der otogenen Gesichtslähmung . Monatschr. f. Ohrenh. 65:950, 1931. 78. Liebermann, T.: Ein Fall von Fazialisparalysis verursacht durch Chromsäureätzung , Deutsche med. Wchnschr. 48:905, 1922.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1943

References