Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You and Your Team.

Learn More →

Facial Cleanliness and Risk of Trachoma in Families

Facial Cleanliness and Risk of Trachoma in Families Abstract • Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide, and epidemiologic studies of factors that may increase the transmission of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis are needed. In two villages in a hyperendemic area of Central Tanzania, 472 (90%) of 527 preschool-aged children were examined for specific signs of unclean faces and presence of trachoma. The odds of trachoma were 70% higher in children with flies and nasal discharge on their faces. Other facial signs were not important. In large families, the odds of trachoma increased 4.8-fold if a sibling had trachoma and 6.8-fold if a sibling had trachoma and an unclean face. Health education Strategies aimed at improving face washing need to target cleaning nasal discharge and keeping flies off children's faces. References 1. Dawson CR, Jones BR, Tarizzo ML. Guide to Trachoma Control . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1981. 2. Grayston JT, Wang S. New knowledge of chlamydiae and the diseases they cause . J Infect Dis . 1975;132:87-105.Crossref 3. West SK, Lynch M, Turner V, et al. Water availability and trachoma . Bull World Health Organ . 1989;67:71-75. 4. Marx R. Social factors and trachoma: a review of the literature . Soc Sci Med . 1989;29:23-34.Crossref 5. Taylor HR, West SK, Mmbaga BBO, et al. Hygiene factors and increased risk of trachoma in Central Tanzania . Arch Ophthalmol . 1989;107:1821-1825.Crossref 6. Lane SD. A Biocultural Study of Trachoma in an Egyptian Hamlet. San Francisco, Calif: University of California; 1987. Thesis. 7. Thylefors B, Dawson CR, Jones BR, West SK, Taylor HR. A simple system for the assessment of trachoma and its complications . Bull World Health Organ . 1987;65:477-483. 8. Taylor HR, West SK, Katala S, Foster A. Trachoma: evaluation of a new grading scheme in the United Republic of Tanzania . Bull World Health Organ . 1987;65:485-488. 9. Fleiss J. Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions . 2nd ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 1981:217. 10. Schachter J, Lum L, Gooding CA, Ostler B. Pneumonitis following inclusion blennorrhea . J Pediatr . 1975;87:779-780.Crossref 11. Beem MO, Saxon EM. Respiratory-tract colonization and a distinctive pneumonia syndrome in infants infected with Chlamydia trachomatis . N Engl J Med . 1977;296:306-310.Crossref 12. Schachter J, Dawson CR. Is trachoma an ocular component of a more generalized chlamydial infection? Lancet . 1979;1:702-703.Crossref 13. Malaty R, Zaki S, Said ME, Vastine DW, Dawson CR, Schachter J. Extraocular infections in children in areas with endemic trachoma . J Infect Dis . 1981;143:853.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Facial Cleanliness and Risk of Trachoma in Families

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/facial-cleanliness-and-risk-of-trachoma-in-families-Uk2vbzI0NB
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1991.01080060119038
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide, and epidemiologic studies of factors that may increase the transmission of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis are needed. In two villages in a hyperendemic area of Central Tanzania, 472 (90%) of 527 preschool-aged children were examined for specific signs of unclean faces and presence of trachoma. The odds of trachoma were 70% higher in children with flies and nasal discharge on their faces. Other facial signs were not important. In large families, the odds of trachoma increased 4.8-fold if a sibling had trachoma and 6.8-fold if a sibling had trachoma and an unclean face. Health education Strategies aimed at improving face washing need to target cleaning nasal discharge and keeping flies off children's faces. References 1. Dawson CR, Jones BR, Tarizzo ML. Guide to Trachoma Control . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1981. 2. Grayston JT, Wang S. New knowledge of chlamydiae and the diseases they cause . J Infect Dis . 1975;132:87-105.Crossref 3. West SK, Lynch M, Turner V, et al. Water availability and trachoma . Bull World Health Organ . 1989;67:71-75. 4. Marx R. Social factors and trachoma: a review of the literature . Soc Sci Med . 1989;29:23-34.Crossref 5. Taylor HR, West SK, Mmbaga BBO, et al. Hygiene factors and increased risk of trachoma in Central Tanzania . Arch Ophthalmol . 1989;107:1821-1825.Crossref 6. Lane SD. A Biocultural Study of Trachoma in an Egyptian Hamlet. San Francisco, Calif: University of California; 1987. Thesis. 7. Thylefors B, Dawson CR, Jones BR, West SK, Taylor HR. A simple system for the assessment of trachoma and its complications . Bull World Health Organ . 1987;65:477-483. 8. Taylor HR, West SK, Katala S, Foster A. Trachoma: evaluation of a new grading scheme in the United Republic of Tanzania . Bull World Health Organ . 1987;65:485-488. 9. Fleiss J. Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions . 2nd ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 1981:217. 10. Schachter J, Lum L, Gooding CA, Ostler B. Pneumonitis following inclusion blennorrhea . J Pediatr . 1975;87:779-780.Crossref 11. Beem MO, Saxon EM. Respiratory-tract colonization and a distinctive pneumonia syndrome in infants infected with Chlamydia trachomatis . N Engl J Med . 1977;296:306-310.Crossref 12. Schachter J, Dawson CR. Is trachoma an ocular component of a more generalized chlamydial infection? Lancet . 1979;1:702-703.Crossref 13. Malaty R, Zaki S, Said ME, Vastine DW, Dawson CR, Schachter J. Extraocular infections in children in areas with endemic trachoma . J Infect Dis . 1981;143:853.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1991

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$499/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month