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EXPERIMENTAL SHOCK: VIII. THE COMPOSITION OF THE BLOOD STREAM AFTER MILD AFTER TRAUMA TO AFTER FLUID THAT ESCAPES FROM THE TRAUMA TO AN EXTREMITY, THE INTESTINES AND BURNS

EXPERIMENTAL SHOCK: VIII. THE COMPOSITION OF THE BLOOD STREAM AFTER MILD AFTER TRAUMA TO AFTER... Abstract In previous communications1 the amount of fluid that is lost from the blood stream at the site of injury after severe trauma to an extremity, after mild trauma to an extremity, after trauma to the intestines and after burns was reported. When an extremity is traumatized severely, the fluid that escapes into the injured subcutaneous tissues and muscles consists largely of whole blood. Some red blood cells escape from the blood vessels after mild trauma to an extremity and after trauma to the intestines, but the proportion is much smaller than after severe trauma. Burns are associated with the escape of clear fluid with few red cells into the subcutaneous tissues. Gasser, Erlanger and Meek2 found that the protein content of the plasma of the blood underwent no marked change during the process of the concentration of the blood after clamping the aorta, and they believed that the References 1. Blalock, Alfred: Experimental Shock: The Cause of the Low Blood Pressure Produced by Muscle Injury , Arch. Surg. 20:759 ( (June) ) 1930 2. Trauma to the Intestines: The Importance of the Local Loss of Fluid in the Production of the Low Blood Pressure , Blalock Arch. Surg. 22:314 ( (Feb.) ) 1931Crossref 3. Experimental Shock: VI. The Probable Cause for the Reduction in the Blood Pressure Following Mild Trauma to an Extremity, this issue, p. 598 4. Experimental Shock: VII. The Importance of the Local Loss of Fluid in the Production of the Low Blood Pressure After Burns, this issue, p. 610. 5. Gasser, Erlanger and Meek: Studies in Secondary Traumatic Shock: IV. The Blood Volume Changes and the Effect of Gum Acacia on Their Development , Am. J. Physiol. 50:31, 1919. 6. Underhill, F. P.: The Lethal War Gases, Physiology and Experimental Treatment , New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1920. 7. Benedict, S. R.: The Estimation of Sugar in Blood and Normal Urine , J. Biol. Chem. 68:759, 1926. 8. Folin and Wu: A System of Blood Analysis , J. Biol. Chem. 38:81, 1919. 9. Whitehorn, J. C.: A System of Blood Analysis , J. Biol. Chem. 45:449, 1920. 10. Gunning, J. W.: Ztschr. f. anal. Chem. 28:188, 1889.Crossref 11. Cannon, W. B.: Acidosis in Cases of Shock, Hemorrhage and Gas Infection , J. A. M. A. 70:531 ( (Feb. 23) ) 1918. 12. Fabre, Wertheimer and Clogne: Quelques considérations sur les modifications humorales et les réactions de l'organisme dans le shock , Bull. et mém. Soc. de chir. de Paris 45:8, 1919. 13. Duval and Grigaut: L'intoxication par les plaies de guerre: la retention azotée des blessé , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 81:873, 1918. 14. Aub and Wu: Studies in Experimental Traumatic Shock: III. Chemical Changes in the Blood , Am. J. Physiol. 54:416, 1920. 15. Starling, E. H.: On the Absorption of Fluids from the Connective Tissue Spaces , J. Physiol. 19:312, 1896. 16. Schade, H.: IX. Ueber Quellungsphysiologie und Oedementstehung , Ergebn. d. inn. Med. u. Kinderh. 32:425, 1929. 17. Cannon, W. B.: Traumatic Shock , New York and London, D. Appleton & Company, 1923, p. 44. 18. Harris and Blalock: Unpublished Observations on the Water Content of the Tissues after Hemorrhage and after Trauma, 1930. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

EXPERIMENTAL SHOCK: VIII. THE COMPOSITION OF THE BLOOD STREAM AFTER MILD AFTER TRAUMA TO AFTER FLUID THAT ESCAPES FROM THE TRAUMA TO AN EXTREMITY, THE INTESTINES AND BURNS

Archives of Surgery , Volume 22 (4) – Apr 1, 1931

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1931 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1931.01160040093006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract In previous communications1 the amount of fluid that is lost from the blood stream at the site of injury after severe trauma to an extremity, after mild trauma to an extremity, after trauma to the intestines and after burns was reported. When an extremity is traumatized severely, the fluid that escapes into the injured subcutaneous tissues and muscles consists largely of whole blood. Some red blood cells escape from the blood vessels after mild trauma to an extremity and after trauma to the intestines, but the proportion is much smaller than after severe trauma. Burns are associated with the escape of clear fluid with few red cells into the subcutaneous tissues. Gasser, Erlanger and Meek2 found that the protein content of the plasma of the blood underwent no marked change during the process of the concentration of the blood after clamping the aorta, and they believed that the References 1. Blalock, Alfred: Experimental Shock: The Cause of the Low Blood Pressure Produced by Muscle Injury , Arch. Surg. 20:759 ( (June) ) 1930 2. Trauma to the Intestines: The Importance of the Local Loss of Fluid in the Production of the Low Blood Pressure , Blalock Arch. Surg. 22:314 ( (Feb.) ) 1931Crossref 3. Experimental Shock: VI. The Probable Cause for the Reduction in the Blood Pressure Following Mild Trauma to an Extremity, this issue, p. 598 4. Experimental Shock: VII. The Importance of the Local Loss of Fluid in the Production of the Low Blood Pressure After Burns, this issue, p. 610. 5. Gasser, Erlanger and Meek: Studies in Secondary Traumatic Shock: IV. The Blood Volume Changes and the Effect of Gum Acacia on Their Development , Am. J. Physiol. 50:31, 1919. 6. Underhill, F. P.: The Lethal War Gases, Physiology and Experimental Treatment , New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1920. 7. Benedict, S. R.: The Estimation of Sugar in Blood and Normal Urine , J. Biol. Chem. 68:759, 1926. 8. Folin and Wu: A System of Blood Analysis , J. Biol. Chem. 38:81, 1919. 9. Whitehorn, J. C.: A System of Blood Analysis , J. Biol. Chem. 45:449, 1920. 10. Gunning, J. W.: Ztschr. f. anal. Chem. 28:188, 1889.Crossref 11. Cannon, W. B.: Acidosis in Cases of Shock, Hemorrhage and Gas Infection , J. A. M. A. 70:531 ( (Feb. 23) ) 1918. 12. Fabre, Wertheimer and Clogne: Quelques considérations sur les modifications humorales et les réactions de l'organisme dans le shock , Bull. et mém. Soc. de chir. de Paris 45:8, 1919. 13. Duval and Grigaut: L'intoxication par les plaies de guerre: la retention azotée des blessé , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 81:873, 1918. 14. Aub and Wu: Studies in Experimental Traumatic Shock: III. Chemical Changes in the Blood , Am. J. Physiol. 54:416, 1920. 15. Starling, E. H.: On the Absorption of Fluids from the Connective Tissue Spaces , J. Physiol. 19:312, 1896. 16. Schade, H.: IX. Ueber Quellungsphysiologie und Oedementstehung , Ergebn. d. inn. Med. u. Kinderh. 32:425, 1929. 17. Cannon, W. B.: Traumatic Shock , New York and London, D. Appleton & Company, 1923, p. 44. 18. Harris and Blalock: Unpublished Observations on the Water Content of the Tissues after Hemorrhage and after Trauma, 1930.

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1931

References