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EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR A BASIC THEORY OF VIBROTACTILE INTERPRETATION OF SPEECH

EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR A BASIC THEORY OF VIBROTACTILE INTERPRETATION OF SPEECH Abstract THE PROBLEM It has been demonstrated repeatedly that certain vibratory patterns of spoken language can be identified by the senses of touch and vibration. For example, one of us (R. H. G.)1 has shown that deaf persons, or normally hearing observers having hearing eliminated, can learn to recognize vibratory patterns having the qualities of vowels and diphthongs when these patterns are communicated to the finger-tips by means of the Gault phonotactor.2 Weichbrodt3 has found the same thing to be true for certain consonantal qualities. Roberts4 has found that his observers after training could discriminate between two pitches when the difference was less than a semitone and when the base was 400 double vibrations. Most significant of all is the finding5 that two of a group of six deaf pupils (after intensive training in the use of the Gault phonotactor) were able to understand the gist of a short story by References 1. Gault, R. H.: On the Interpretation of Speech Sounds by Their Tactual Correlates , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 35:121-136, 1926. 2. This consists of a microphone, an especially designed amplifier and a receiving unit (vibrator) by means of which the deaf are taught to interpret the vibratory patterns of speech and music thus communicated to their finger-tips. 3. Weichbrodt, M.: Tactual Compared with Visual Discrimination of Consonantal Qualities , J. Gen. Psychol. 6:203-206, 1932. 4. Roberts, W. H.: A Two-Dimensional Analysis of Discrimination of Differences in Frequency of Vibrations by Means of the Sense of Touch , J. Franklin Inst. 213:286-312, 1932. 5. Gault, R. H.: Progress of Experiments on the Tactual Interpretation of Oral Speech , J. Abnorm. & Social Psychol. 19:155-159, 1924. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR A BASIC THEORY OF VIBROTACTILE INTERPRETATION OF SPEECH

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1937 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1937.00650010212007
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract THE PROBLEM It has been demonstrated repeatedly that certain vibratory patterns of spoken language can be identified by the senses of touch and vibration. For example, one of us (R. H. G.)1 has shown that deaf persons, or normally hearing observers having hearing eliminated, can learn to recognize vibratory patterns having the qualities of vowels and diphthongs when these patterns are communicated to the finger-tips by means of the Gault phonotactor.2 Weichbrodt3 has found the same thing to be true for certain consonantal qualities. Roberts4 has found that his observers after training could discriminate between two pitches when the difference was less than a semitone and when the base was 400 double vibrations. Most significant of all is the finding5 that two of a group of six deaf pupils (after intensive training in the use of the Gault phonotactor) were able to understand the gist of a short story by References 1. Gault, R. H.: On the Interpretation of Speech Sounds by Their Tactual Correlates , Ann. Otol., Rhin. & Laryng. 35:121-136, 1926. 2. This consists of a microphone, an especially designed amplifier and a receiving unit (vibrator) by means of which the deaf are taught to interpret the vibratory patterns of speech and music thus communicated to their finger-tips. 3. Weichbrodt, M.: Tactual Compared with Visual Discrimination of Consonantal Qualities , J. Gen. Psychol. 6:203-206, 1932. 4. Roberts, W. H.: A Two-Dimensional Analysis of Discrimination of Differences in Frequency of Vibrations by Means of the Sense of Touch , J. Franklin Inst. 213:286-312, 1932. 5. Gault, R. H.: Progress of Experiments on the Tactual Interpretation of Oral Speech , J. Abnorm. & Social Psychol. 19:155-159, 1924.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1937

References