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Evaluation and Treatment of Congenital Facial Paralysis

Evaluation and Treatment of Congenital Facial Paralysis Abstract • An approach to the evaluation and the preferred methods of treatment of congenital facial paralysis is presented. The expected results from testing procedures and the limitations of their usefulness in acquired v developmental palsies are discussed. We recommend that the auditory brain-stem response test be included in the initial evaluation of patients with congenital facial paralysis. (Arch Otolaryngol 1983;109:145-151) References 1. Pitner SE, Edwards JF, McCormick WF: Observations on the pathology of the Moebius syndrome . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1965;28:362-374.Crossref 2. Portmann M: Panel Discussion No. 19: Congenital Facial Palsy , in Fisch U (ed): Facial Nerve Surgery. Birmingham , Ala, Aesculapius Publishing Co, 1977, pp 578-584. 3. Kodama A, Sando I, Myers E, et al: Severe middle ear anomaly with underdeveloped facial nerve . Arch Otolaryngol 1982;108:93-98.Crossref 4. May M, Fria TJ, Blumenthal F, et al: Facial paralysis in children: Differential diagnosis . Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1981;89:841-848. 5. Hepner WR: Some observations on facial paresis in the newborn infant: Etiology and incidence . Pediatrics 1951;8:494-497. 6. McHugh HE, Sowden KA, Levitt MN: Facial paralysis and muscle agenesis in the newborn . Arch Otolaryngol 1969;89:157-169.Crossref 7. Smith JD, Crumley RC, Harker LA: Facial paralysis in the newborn . Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1981;89:1021-1024. 8. Parmeles AH: Molding due to intra-uterine posture: Facial paralysis probably due to such molding . Am J Dis Child 1931;42:1155-1159.Crossref 9. Greenhill JP: Obstetrics , ed 11. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co, 1955, p 849. 10. Paine RS: Facial paralysis in children . J Pediatr 1957;19:303-315. 11. Cayler GC: Cardiofacial syndrome: Congenital heart disease and facial weakness, a hitherto unrecognized association . Arch Dis Child 1969;44:69-75.Crossref 12. Thakkar N, O'Neil W, Duvally J, et al: Moebius syndrome due to brainstem tegmental necrosis . Arch Neurol 1977;34:124-126.Crossref 13. Rainy H, Fowler JS: Congenital facial dysplegia due to a nuclear lesion . Rev Neurol Psychiat 1903;1:149-155. 14. Rubin LR: The Moebius syndrome: Bilateral facial dysplegia . Clin Plast Surg 1976;3:625-636. 15. May M, Blumenthal F, Taylor FN: Bell's palsy: Surgery based upon prognostic indicators and results . Laryngoscope 1981;91:2092-2103.Crossref 16. Fisch U: Facial paralysis in fractures of petrous bone . Laryngoscope 1974;84:2141-2154.Crossref 17. Crumley RL: Recent advances in facial nerve surgery . Head Neck Surg 1982;4:233-236Crossref 18. Buchthal F, Rosenfalck P: Electrophysiologic aspects of myopathy with particular reference to progressive muscular dystrophy , in Bourne GH, Calorz MNS (eds): Muscular Dystrophy in Man and Animals . New York, S Karger AG, 1963, pp 193-262. 19. Belal A: Auricularis posterior muscle biopsy technique: Preparation and uses . Am J Otol 1982;3:616-620. 20. Brackmann D, Hitselberger W, Robinson J: Facial nerve repair in cerebellopontine angle surgery . Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1978;87:772-777. 21. Conley J, Baker DC: The surgical treatment of extratemporal facial paralysis: An overview . Head Neck Surg 1978;1:12-23.Crossref 22. Tucker HM: Panel discussion No. 7: New concepts in rehabilitation of the longstanding facial paralysis , in Fisch U (ed): Facial Nerve Surgery. Birmingham , Ala, Aesculapius Publishing Co, 1977, pp 251-284. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Evaluation and Treatment of Congenital Facial Paralysis

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1983 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1983.00800170011003
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract • An approach to the evaluation and the preferred methods of treatment of congenital facial paralysis is presented. The expected results from testing procedures and the limitations of their usefulness in acquired v developmental palsies are discussed. We recommend that the auditory brain-stem response test be included in the initial evaluation of patients with congenital facial paralysis. (Arch Otolaryngol 1983;109:145-151) References 1. Pitner SE, Edwards JF, McCormick WF: Observations on the pathology of the Moebius syndrome . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1965;28:362-374.Crossref 2. Portmann M: Panel Discussion No. 19: Congenital Facial Palsy , in Fisch U (ed): Facial Nerve Surgery. Birmingham , Ala, Aesculapius Publishing Co, 1977, pp 578-584. 3. Kodama A, Sando I, Myers E, et al: Severe middle ear anomaly with underdeveloped facial nerve . Arch Otolaryngol 1982;108:93-98.Crossref 4. May M, Fria TJ, Blumenthal F, et al: Facial paralysis in children: Differential diagnosis . Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1981;89:841-848. 5. Hepner WR: Some observations on facial paresis in the newborn infant: Etiology and incidence . Pediatrics 1951;8:494-497. 6. McHugh HE, Sowden KA, Levitt MN: Facial paralysis and muscle agenesis in the newborn . Arch Otolaryngol 1969;89:157-169.Crossref 7. Smith JD, Crumley RC, Harker LA: Facial paralysis in the newborn . Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1981;89:1021-1024. 8. Parmeles AH: Molding due to intra-uterine posture: Facial paralysis probably due to such molding . Am J Dis Child 1931;42:1155-1159.Crossref 9. Greenhill JP: Obstetrics , ed 11. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co, 1955, p 849. 10. Paine RS: Facial paralysis in children . J Pediatr 1957;19:303-315. 11. Cayler GC: Cardiofacial syndrome: Congenital heart disease and facial weakness, a hitherto unrecognized association . Arch Dis Child 1969;44:69-75.Crossref 12. Thakkar N, O'Neil W, Duvally J, et al: Moebius syndrome due to brainstem tegmental necrosis . Arch Neurol 1977;34:124-126.Crossref 13. Rainy H, Fowler JS: Congenital facial dysplegia due to a nuclear lesion . Rev Neurol Psychiat 1903;1:149-155. 14. Rubin LR: The Moebius syndrome: Bilateral facial dysplegia . Clin Plast Surg 1976;3:625-636. 15. May M, Blumenthal F, Taylor FN: Bell's palsy: Surgery based upon prognostic indicators and results . Laryngoscope 1981;91:2092-2103.Crossref 16. Fisch U: Facial paralysis in fractures of petrous bone . Laryngoscope 1974;84:2141-2154.Crossref 17. Crumley RL: Recent advances in facial nerve surgery . Head Neck Surg 1982;4:233-236Crossref 18. Buchthal F, Rosenfalck P: Electrophysiologic aspects of myopathy with particular reference to progressive muscular dystrophy , in Bourne GH, Calorz MNS (eds): Muscular Dystrophy in Man and Animals . New York, S Karger AG, 1963, pp 193-262. 19. Belal A: Auricularis posterior muscle biopsy technique: Preparation and uses . Am J Otol 1982;3:616-620. 20. Brackmann D, Hitselberger W, Robinson J: Facial nerve repair in cerebellopontine angle surgery . Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1978;87:772-777. 21. Conley J, Baker DC: The surgical treatment of extratemporal facial paralysis: An overview . Head Neck Surg 1978;1:12-23.Crossref 22. Tucker HM: Panel discussion No. 7: New concepts in rehabilitation of the longstanding facial paralysis , in Fisch U (ed): Facial Nerve Surgery. Birmingham , Ala, Aesculapius Publishing Co, 1977, pp 251-284.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1983

References