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ETIOLOGY OF ALOPECIA AREATA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL NERVE INJURIES

ETIOLOGY OF ALOPECIA AREATA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL NERVE INJURIES Abstract Two theories have been offered to elucidate the nature of alopecia areata. Perhaps the oldest theory is that it is a trophoneurosis. In 1847, Casenave associated alopecia areata and vitiligo together and believed both to be of nerve origin. In 1856, Baerensprung affirmed Casenave's idea that alopecia areata was of nerve origin, and this theory was later supported by Hebra and Kaposi in Vienna, Erasmus Wilson in England and Duhring in the United States. With the coming of the bacteriologic era in the latter part of the nineteenth century the theory that the disease might be of infectious origin gained in favor. This idea was given considerable support by the reporting in the literature of numerous epidemics of alopecia areata in schools. Bowen,1 in reviewing epidemics reported by Fox, Dreuw, Haldan Davis and himself, came to the conclusion that these epidemics were probably not the same as the sporadic References 1. Bowen: Epidemic Alopecia in Small Areas in Schools , J. Cutan. Dis. 33: 343, 1915. 2. Jacquet: La Pelade d'origine dentare , Ann. de dermat. et syph. 1902, p. 362. 3. Joseph: Experimental Untersuchunges über die Etiologie der Alopecia Areata , Monatsh. f. prakt. Dermat. 5:483, 1886 4. Zür Etiologie der Alopecia Areata , Zentralbl. f. d. med. Wissensch. 24:178, 1886. 5. Mibelli: Sulla Alopecia Areata , Tr. Monatsch. f. prakt. Dermat. 32:231, 1901. 6. Behrend: Ueber Nervenläsion und Haarausfall mit Bezug auf die Alopecia Areata , Arch. f. path. Anat. 116:173, 1889.Crossref 7. Samuel: Ueber Dr. Max Joseph's "Atrophiscken Haarausfall," Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 114:378, 1888.Crossref 8. Fay: The Surgical Relief of Pain in Deep Carcinoma of the Face and Neck , Am. J. Roentgenol. 14:1, 1925 9. Cervical Rhizotomy for Pain in Carcinoma of the Neck , Surg. Gynec. Obst. 53:366, 1926 10. Observations and Results from Intracranial Section of the Glossopharyngeus and Vagus Nerves in Man , J. Neurol. & Psychopath. 8:110, 1927. 11. Pontopiddian: Ein Fall von Alopecia Areata nach Operation am Halse , Monatsch. f. prakt. Dermat. 8:51, 1889. 12. Askansy: Casuistisches Zür Frage der Alopecia neurotica , Arch. f. Dermat. u. Syph. 22:523, 1890. 13. Remy, quoted by Pohlman: Arch. f. Dermat. u. Syph. 114:633, 1913. 14. Wile, U. J., and Belote, G. H.: Syphilitic Alopecia , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 13:495 ( (April) ) 1926. 15. Fay: Unpublished Studies. 16. Bettman: Ueber Beziehungen der Alopecia Areata zu dentalen Beizungen , Arch. f. Dermat. u. Syph. 70:67, 1904. 17. Jones: On Reflex Irritation as a Cause of Alopecia Areata , Brit. J. Dermat. 24:362, 1912. 18. Eppinger, quoted by Higier: Vegetative Neurology , Washington, Nerv. and Ment. Dis. Pub. Co., 1919. 19. Levy-Frankel: La pelade syndrome d'irritation vagosympathetique , Bull. Soc. franç. de dermat. et syph. 29:93, 1922. 20. Buschke and Peiser: Zur Etiologie der Alopecia Areata , Dermat. Wchnschr. 80:237, 287, 1925. 21. Sabaraud: Sur l'etiologie de la pelade , Ann. de dermat. et syph. 6:177, 1920. 22. Sklarz: Zur Kenntnis der physiologie des Haut Sympatheticus , Dermat. Wchnschr. 73:235, 1921. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Dermatology and Syphilology American Medical Association

ETIOLOGY OF ALOPECIA AREATA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL NERVE INJURIES

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1929 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6029
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1929.02380210020002
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract Two theories have been offered to elucidate the nature of alopecia areata. Perhaps the oldest theory is that it is a trophoneurosis. In 1847, Casenave associated alopecia areata and vitiligo together and believed both to be of nerve origin. In 1856, Baerensprung affirmed Casenave's idea that alopecia areata was of nerve origin, and this theory was later supported by Hebra and Kaposi in Vienna, Erasmus Wilson in England and Duhring in the United States. With the coming of the bacteriologic era in the latter part of the nineteenth century the theory that the disease might be of infectious origin gained in favor. This idea was given considerable support by the reporting in the literature of numerous epidemics of alopecia areata in schools. Bowen,1 in reviewing epidemics reported by Fox, Dreuw, Haldan Davis and himself, came to the conclusion that these epidemics were probably not the same as the sporadic References 1. Bowen: Epidemic Alopecia in Small Areas in Schools , J. Cutan. Dis. 33: 343, 1915. 2. Jacquet: La Pelade d'origine dentare , Ann. de dermat. et syph. 1902, p. 362. 3. Joseph: Experimental Untersuchunges über die Etiologie der Alopecia Areata , Monatsh. f. prakt. Dermat. 5:483, 1886 4. Zür Etiologie der Alopecia Areata , Zentralbl. f. d. med. Wissensch. 24:178, 1886. 5. Mibelli: Sulla Alopecia Areata , Tr. Monatsch. f. prakt. Dermat. 32:231, 1901. 6. Behrend: Ueber Nervenläsion und Haarausfall mit Bezug auf die Alopecia Areata , Arch. f. path. Anat. 116:173, 1889.Crossref 7. Samuel: Ueber Dr. Max Joseph's "Atrophiscken Haarausfall," Virchows Arch. f. path. Anat. 114:378, 1888.Crossref 8. Fay: The Surgical Relief of Pain in Deep Carcinoma of the Face and Neck , Am. J. Roentgenol. 14:1, 1925 9. Cervical Rhizotomy for Pain in Carcinoma of the Neck , Surg. Gynec. Obst. 53:366, 1926 10. Observations and Results from Intracranial Section of the Glossopharyngeus and Vagus Nerves in Man , J. Neurol. & Psychopath. 8:110, 1927. 11. Pontopiddian: Ein Fall von Alopecia Areata nach Operation am Halse , Monatsch. f. prakt. Dermat. 8:51, 1889. 12. Askansy: Casuistisches Zür Frage der Alopecia neurotica , Arch. f. Dermat. u. Syph. 22:523, 1890. 13. Remy, quoted by Pohlman: Arch. f. Dermat. u. Syph. 114:633, 1913. 14. Wile, U. J., and Belote, G. H.: Syphilitic Alopecia , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 13:495 ( (April) ) 1926. 15. Fay: Unpublished Studies. 16. Bettman: Ueber Beziehungen der Alopecia Areata zu dentalen Beizungen , Arch. f. Dermat. u. Syph. 70:67, 1904. 17. Jones: On Reflex Irritation as a Cause of Alopecia Areata , Brit. J. Dermat. 24:362, 1912. 18. Eppinger, quoted by Higier: Vegetative Neurology , Washington, Nerv. and Ment. Dis. Pub. Co., 1919. 19. Levy-Frankel: La pelade syndrome d'irritation vagosympathetique , Bull. Soc. franç. de dermat. et syph. 29:93, 1922. 20. Buschke and Peiser: Zur Etiologie der Alopecia Areata , Dermat. Wchnschr. 80:237, 287, 1925. 21. Sabaraud: Sur l'etiologie de la pelade , Ann. de dermat. et syph. 6:177, 1920. 22. Sklarz: Zur Kenntnis der physiologie des Haut Sympatheticus , Dermat. Wchnschr. 73:235, 1921.

Journal

Archives of Dermatology and SyphilologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1929

References