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Escherichia coli Endocarditis: A Review of the Literature and a Case Study

Escherichia coli Endocarditis: A Review of the Literature and a Case Study Abstract ALTHOUGH the methods of therapy for bacterial endocarditis due to viridans streptococci have been well established, optimal therapy for endocarditis resulting from gram-negative organisms is much less well studied. This report describes the successful management of a patient with a fulminant Escherichia coli endocarditis, reviews the related literature, and discusses the therapeutic program. Report of a Case A 52-year-old diabetic woman was admitted to University Hospitals on May 11, 1966, with a two-week history of progressive dysuria, frequency, and urgency, culminating in shaking chills, high-spiking fever, and left flank pain the night prior to admission. On the day of admission she was treated elsewhere with orally administered penicillin and sodium bicarbonate for a presumed urinary tract infection.Medical history was pertinent in that she had acute rheumatic fever at age 22, with a subsequent episode of acute cardiac decompensation during pregnancy, necessitating a therapeutic abortion. The murmurs of mitral stenosis, References 1. Harries, G.E., and Burtenshaw, J.M.L.: Acute Infective Endocarditis Due to Bacterium coli , Lancet , 2:803, 1937.Crossref 2. Horder, T.J.: Infective Endocarditis With an Analysis of 150 Cases and With Special Reference to the Chronic Form of the Disease , Quart J Med 2:289, 1908-1909. 3. Dickar, L.: Acute Bacterial Endocarditis Due to Bacterium acidi lactici , Arch Intern, Med 49: 788, 1932.Crossref 4. Duhig, J.V.: Septicemia and Acute Infective Endocarditis Due to Bacterium coli , Med J Aust 1: 435, 1933. 5. Crawford, A.M., and Cruickshank, R.: A Case of Infective Endocarditis Due to Bacillus coli , Glasgow Med J 122:21, 1934. 6. Fletcher, D.E.: Bacillus coli Endocarditis , Amer Heart J 34:743, 1947.Crossref 7. Smith, A.G.: Endocarditis Due to Escherichia coli , New Eng J Med 243:129, 1950.Crossref 8. Hoffman, M.S.; Wellman, W.E.; and Sayre, G.P.: Escherichia coli Endocarditis: Report of a Case , Mayo Clin Proc 26:1, 1951. 9. Keefer, C.S., and Hewitt, W.L.: The Therapeutic Value of Streptomycin: a Study of 3,000 Cases , Ann Arbor, Mich: J. W. Edwards, 1948, p 62. 10. Meneely, J.K.: Bacterial Endocarditis Following Urethral Manipulation New Eng J Med 239: 708, 1948.Crossref 11. Love, J., et al: Acute Bacterial Endocarditis of "Escherichia coli" Origin , US Naval Med Bull 49:1070, 1948. 12. Ffrench, G.E., and Steeves, L.C.: E coli Endocarditis , Treatment Services Bull 6:106, 1951. 13. Kane, L.W., and Finn, J.J.: Treatment of SBE with Aureomycin and Chloromycetin , New Eng J Med 244:623, 1951.Crossref 14. Ross, C.M.; Wheeler, J.D.; and Hagemann, P.O.: Escherichia coli Endocarditis , Arch Intern Med 90:258, 1952.Crossref 15. Geraci, J.E.: The Antibiotic Therapy in Bacterial Endocarditis , Med Clin N Amer 42:1101, 1958. 16. Zakrzewski, T., and Keith, J.D.: Bacterial Endocarditis in Infants and Children , J Pediat 67: 1179, 1965.Crossref 17. Phipps, C.: Acute Bacterial Endocarditis , New Eng J Med 207:768, 1932.Crossref 18. McCoy, J.T., and Meyer, O.O.: The Treatment of Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis With Penicillin and Streptomycin , Wisconsin Med J 47:671, 1948. 19. Cowan, J.: Acute Endocarditis: A Clinical Study , Glasgow Med J 108:249, 1927. 20. Geraci, J.E.: Some Present-Day Problems in Infectious Heart Disease , Appl Ther 8:134, 1966. 21. Cohn, L.H., et al: Bacterial Endocarditis Following Aortic Valve Replacement , Circulation 33: 209, 1966.Crossref 22. Dowling, H.F.: Present Status of Therapy With Combinations of Antibiotics , Amer J Med 39: 796, 1965.Crossref 23. McCabe, W.R., and Jackson, G.G.: The Treatment of Pyelonephritis , New Eng J Med 272: 1037, 1965.Crossref 24. Mouton, R.P., and Koelman, A.: " Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Action of Combined Antibacterial Agents ", Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy—1965 p 261. 25. Jawetz, E.: Assay of Antibacterial Activity in Serum: A Useful Guide for Complex Antimicrobial Therapy ; Amer J Dis Child 103:81, 1962.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Escherichia coli Endocarditis: A Review of the Literature and a Case Study

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9926
eISSN
1538-3679
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1967.04410010086012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract ALTHOUGH the methods of therapy for bacterial endocarditis due to viridans streptococci have been well established, optimal therapy for endocarditis resulting from gram-negative organisms is much less well studied. This report describes the successful management of a patient with a fulminant Escherichia coli endocarditis, reviews the related literature, and discusses the therapeutic program. Report of a Case A 52-year-old diabetic woman was admitted to University Hospitals on May 11, 1966, with a two-week history of progressive dysuria, frequency, and urgency, culminating in shaking chills, high-spiking fever, and left flank pain the night prior to admission. On the day of admission she was treated elsewhere with orally administered penicillin and sodium bicarbonate for a presumed urinary tract infection.Medical history was pertinent in that she had acute rheumatic fever at age 22, with a subsequent episode of acute cardiac decompensation during pregnancy, necessitating a therapeutic abortion. The murmurs of mitral stenosis, References 1. Harries, G.E., and Burtenshaw, J.M.L.: Acute Infective Endocarditis Due to Bacterium coli , Lancet , 2:803, 1937.Crossref 2. Horder, T.J.: Infective Endocarditis With an Analysis of 150 Cases and With Special Reference to the Chronic Form of the Disease , Quart J Med 2:289, 1908-1909. 3. Dickar, L.: Acute Bacterial Endocarditis Due to Bacterium acidi lactici , Arch Intern, Med 49: 788, 1932.Crossref 4. Duhig, J.V.: Septicemia and Acute Infective Endocarditis Due to Bacterium coli , Med J Aust 1: 435, 1933. 5. Crawford, A.M., and Cruickshank, R.: A Case of Infective Endocarditis Due to Bacillus coli , Glasgow Med J 122:21, 1934. 6. Fletcher, D.E.: Bacillus coli Endocarditis , Amer Heart J 34:743, 1947.Crossref 7. Smith, A.G.: Endocarditis Due to Escherichia coli , New Eng J Med 243:129, 1950.Crossref 8. Hoffman, M.S.; Wellman, W.E.; and Sayre, G.P.: Escherichia coli Endocarditis: Report of a Case , Mayo Clin Proc 26:1, 1951. 9. Keefer, C.S., and Hewitt, W.L.: The Therapeutic Value of Streptomycin: a Study of 3,000 Cases , Ann Arbor, Mich: J. W. Edwards, 1948, p 62. 10. Meneely, J.K.: Bacterial Endocarditis Following Urethral Manipulation New Eng J Med 239: 708, 1948.Crossref 11. Love, J., et al: Acute Bacterial Endocarditis of "Escherichia coli" Origin , US Naval Med Bull 49:1070, 1948. 12. Ffrench, G.E., and Steeves, L.C.: E coli Endocarditis , Treatment Services Bull 6:106, 1951. 13. Kane, L.W., and Finn, J.J.: Treatment of SBE with Aureomycin and Chloromycetin , New Eng J Med 244:623, 1951.Crossref 14. Ross, C.M.; Wheeler, J.D.; and Hagemann, P.O.: Escherichia coli Endocarditis , Arch Intern Med 90:258, 1952.Crossref 15. Geraci, J.E.: The Antibiotic Therapy in Bacterial Endocarditis , Med Clin N Amer 42:1101, 1958. 16. Zakrzewski, T., and Keith, J.D.: Bacterial Endocarditis in Infants and Children , J Pediat 67: 1179, 1965.Crossref 17. Phipps, C.: Acute Bacterial Endocarditis , New Eng J Med 207:768, 1932.Crossref 18. McCoy, J.T., and Meyer, O.O.: The Treatment of Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis With Penicillin and Streptomycin , Wisconsin Med J 47:671, 1948. 19. Cowan, J.: Acute Endocarditis: A Clinical Study , Glasgow Med J 108:249, 1927. 20. Geraci, J.E.: Some Present-Day Problems in Infectious Heart Disease , Appl Ther 8:134, 1966. 21. Cohn, L.H., et al: Bacterial Endocarditis Following Aortic Valve Replacement , Circulation 33: 209, 1966.Crossref 22. Dowling, H.F.: Present Status of Therapy With Combinations of Antibiotics , Amer J Med 39: 796, 1965.Crossref 23. McCabe, W.R., and Jackson, G.G.: The Treatment of Pyelonephritis , New Eng J Med 272: 1037, 1965.Crossref 24. Mouton, R.P., and Koelman, A.: " Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Action of Combined Antibacterial Agents ", Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy—1965 p 261. 25. Jawetz, E.: Assay of Antibacterial Activity in Serum: A Useful Guide for Complex Antimicrobial Therapy ; Amer J Dis Child 103:81, 1962.Crossref

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1967

References