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ELECTRIC RESPONSES OF THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM

ELECTRIC RESPONSES OF THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM Abstract IN RESPONDING to the high distinction of being selected to deliver the Fourth Annual John E. Weeks Memorial Lecture, I have chosen a topic which may seem somewhat remote from the field of endeavor of the man whose memory we are honoring tonight. When John E. Weeks was a forward-looking young man, his keen mind turned to bacteriology, the new and exciting field of his day, with the result that his name has become linked with that of the great Koch. And thus his name is best remembered and known to ophthalmologists the world over. Yet those who were more closely associated with him knew that his curiosity was not limited and that he took a broad interest in the advancement of ophthalmology, a specialty so universal that there is hardly a medical or scientific discipline upon which it does not touch. With this thought in mind I shall talk References 1. References 1 through 3. 2. References 4 and 5. 3. References 2, 8, and 10 through 13. 4. Kohlrausch, A.: Elektrische Erscheinungen am Auge , in Bethe, A., and Bergmann, G.: Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1931, Vol. XII, pp. 1393-1496. 5. Granit, R.: Sensory Mechanisms of the Retina, with an Appendix on Electroretinography , London, Oxford University Press, 1947. 6. Adler, F. H.: Physiology of the Eye: Clinical Application , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1950. 7. Karpe, G.: Basis of Clinical Electroretinography , Acta ophth. , (Supp. 24) , 1945. 8. Bounds, G.: The Electroretinogram: A Review of the Literature , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:63-89, 1953.Crossref 9. Bartley, S. H.: Vision: A Study of Its Basis, with a Historical Perspective by Edwin Boring , New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1941. 10. Riggs, L. A.: Continuous and Reproducible Records of the Electrical Activity of the Human Retina , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 48:204-207, 1941. 11. Burian, H. M.: Electroretinography and Its Clinical Application , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:241-256, 1953. 12. Adrian, E. D.: Electric Response of the Human Eye , J. Physiol. 104:84-104, 1945. 13. Spielberg, P. I.: Problems of Physiological Optics (Action Currents of Human Eye) , Acad. Sc. U. S. S. R. 2:127-135, 1944. 14. Babel, J., and Monnier, M.: Détermination objective de la fréquence de fusion par l'électro-rétinographie chez l'homme , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 7:C3, 1949. 15. Euzière, J.; Passouant, P., and Cazaban, R.: Temps objectifs de fusion et excitations lumineuses doublées en électro-rétinographie , Ann. ocul. 184:865-876, 1951. 16. Monnier, M., and Babel, J.: La fréquence de la fusion de la rétine chez l'homme: I. Variations du seuil subjectif et du seuil électro-rétinographique selon le territoire rétinien stimulé , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 10:42-53, 1952. 17. Monnier, M.: L'électro-rétinogramme de l'homme , Electroencephalog. & Clin. Neurophysiol. 1:87-108, 1949. 18. Vukovich, V.: Das ERG des Achromaten , Ophthalmologica 123:354-359, 1952. 19. Schubert, G., and Bornschein, H.: Beitrag zur Analyse des menschlichen Elektroretinogramms , Ophthalmologica 123:396-410, 1952. 20. Noell, W.: Site of Asphyxial Block in Mammalian Retinae , J. Appl. Physiol. 3:489-500, 1951. 21. Bornschein, H., and Zwiauer, A.: Das Elektroretinogramm des Kaninchens bei experimenteller Erhöhung des intraokulären Druckes , von Graefes Arch. Ophth. 152:527-531, 1952. 22. Henkes, H.: Electroretinography in Circulatory Disturbances of the Retina: I. Electroretinogram in Cases of Occlusion of the Central Retinal Vein or One of Its Branches , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:190-201, 1953. 23. Adrian, E. D., and Matthews, R.: Action of Light on the Eye: I. The Discharge of Impulses in the Optic Nerve and Its Relation to Electric Changes in the Retina , J. Physiol. 63:378-404, 1927. 24. Bartley, H. S.: The Features of the Optic-Nerve Discharge Underlying Recurrent Vision , J. Exper. Psychol. 30:129-135, 1942. 25. Brazier, M. A. B.: The Electrical Activity of the Nervous System: A Textbook for Students , London, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., 1951. 26. Bishop, G. H., and O'Leary, J.: Components of the Electrical Response of the Optic Cortex of the Rabbit , Am. J. Physiol. 117:292-308, 1936. 27. Adrian, E. D., and Matthews, B. H. C.: The Berger Rhythm: Potential Changes from the Occipital Lobes in Man , Brain 57:355-481, 1934. 28. Adrian, E. D.: Dominance of Vision: Doyne Memorial Lecture , Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 63:194-207, 1944. 29. Daly, D.: Electroencephalographic Studies of Photic Driving in Normal Individuals, Thesis, University of Minnesota Graduate School, 1952. 30. Burian, H. M., and Watson, C. W.: Cerebral Electric Response to Intermittent Photic Stimulation in Amblyopia ex Anopsia: A Preliminary Report , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 48:137-143, 1952. 31. Baudouin, A.; Halbron, P.; Fischgold, H., and Mion, R. J.: L'examen électrique de la région occipitale dans les lésions des oies optiques (modification du rhythme de Berger) , Bull. Soc. opht. Paris 51:176-182, 1939. 32. Case, T. J.: Alpha Waves in Relation to Structures Involved in Vision , Biol. Symposia 7:107-116, 1942. 33. Levinsohn, J. D.; Gibbs, E. L.; Stillerman, M. L., and Perlstein, M. A.: Electroencephalogram and Eye Disorders , Pediatrics 7:422-427, 1951. 34. Kluyskens, J.: Étude électroencéphalographique du champ visuel: note préliminaire , Bull. Soc. belg. opht. 90:518-529, 1948. 35. Callahan, A., and Redlich, F. C.: Electroencephalography and Ophthalmology , Am. J. Ophth. 29:1522-1533, 1946. 36. Cornil, L., and Gastaut, H.: Étude électro-encéphalographique de la dominance sensorielle d'un hémisphère cérébral , Presse méd. 55:421-422, 1947. 37. Monnier, M., and Boehm, F.: Prüfung der Leistungsfähigkeit des optischen Systems durch kombinierte Elektroretinographie and Elektroencephalographie beim Menschen , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 5:c34-c35, 1947. 38. Monnier, M., and Jeanneret, R. L.: Contrôle objectif de la conductibilité des voies optique centrales par l'électro-rétinographie et l'électro-encéphalographie combinées , Ophthalmologica 113:1-11, 1947.Crossref 39. Monnier, M.: Mésure du temps rétino-cortical à partir des potentiels corticaux évoqués par stimulation lumineuse chez l'homme , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 6:61-62, 1947. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

ELECTRIC RESPONSES OF THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM

A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 51 (4) – Apr 1, 1954

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American Medical Association
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Copyright © 1954 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0096-6339
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1954.00920040519010
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Abstract

Abstract IN RESPONDING to the high distinction of being selected to deliver the Fourth Annual John E. Weeks Memorial Lecture, I have chosen a topic which may seem somewhat remote from the field of endeavor of the man whose memory we are honoring tonight. When John E. Weeks was a forward-looking young man, his keen mind turned to bacteriology, the new and exciting field of his day, with the result that his name has become linked with that of the great Koch. And thus his name is best remembered and known to ophthalmologists the world over. Yet those who were more closely associated with him knew that his curiosity was not limited and that he took a broad interest in the advancement of ophthalmology, a specialty so universal that there is hardly a medical or scientific discipline upon which it does not touch. With this thought in mind I shall talk References 1. References 1 through 3. 2. References 4 and 5. 3. References 2, 8, and 10 through 13. 4. Kohlrausch, A.: Elektrische Erscheinungen am Auge , in Bethe, A., and Bergmann, G.: Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie , Berlin, Julius Springer, 1931, Vol. XII, pp. 1393-1496. 5. Granit, R.: Sensory Mechanisms of the Retina, with an Appendix on Electroretinography , London, Oxford University Press, 1947. 6. Adler, F. H.: Physiology of the Eye: Clinical Application , St. Louis, C. V. Mosby Company, 1950. 7. Karpe, G.: Basis of Clinical Electroretinography , Acta ophth. , (Supp. 24) , 1945. 8. Bounds, G.: The Electroretinogram: A Review of the Literature , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:63-89, 1953.Crossref 9. Bartley, S. H.: Vision: A Study of Its Basis, with a Historical Perspective by Edwin Boring , New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1941. 10. Riggs, L. A.: Continuous and Reproducible Records of the Electrical Activity of the Human Retina , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 48:204-207, 1941. 11. Burian, H. M.: Electroretinography and Its Clinical Application , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:241-256, 1953. 12. Adrian, E. D.: Electric Response of the Human Eye , J. Physiol. 104:84-104, 1945. 13. Spielberg, P. I.: Problems of Physiological Optics (Action Currents of Human Eye) , Acad. Sc. U. S. S. R. 2:127-135, 1944. 14. Babel, J., and Monnier, M.: Détermination objective de la fréquence de fusion par l'électro-rétinographie chez l'homme , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 7:C3, 1949. 15. Euzière, J.; Passouant, P., and Cazaban, R.: Temps objectifs de fusion et excitations lumineuses doublées en électro-rétinographie , Ann. ocul. 184:865-876, 1951. 16. Monnier, M., and Babel, J.: La fréquence de la fusion de la rétine chez l'homme: I. Variations du seuil subjectif et du seuil électro-rétinographique selon le territoire rétinien stimulé , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 10:42-53, 1952. 17. Monnier, M.: L'électro-rétinogramme de l'homme , Electroencephalog. & Clin. Neurophysiol. 1:87-108, 1949. 18. Vukovich, V.: Das ERG des Achromaten , Ophthalmologica 123:354-359, 1952. 19. Schubert, G., and Bornschein, H.: Beitrag zur Analyse des menschlichen Elektroretinogramms , Ophthalmologica 123:396-410, 1952. 20. Noell, W.: Site of Asphyxial Block in Mammalian Retinae , J. Appl. Physiol. 3:489-500, 1951. 21. Bornschein, H., and Zwiauer, A.: Das Elektroretinogramm des Kaninchens bei experimenteller Erhöhung des intraokulären Druckes , von Graefes Arch. Ophth. 152:527-531, 1952. 22. Henkes, H.: Electroretinography in Circulatory Disturbances of the Retina: I. Electroretinogram in Cases of Occlusion of the Central Retinal Vein or One of Its Branches , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 49:190-201, 1953. 23. Adrian, E. D., and Matthews, R.: Action of Light on the Eye: I. The Discharge of Impulses in the Optic Nerve and Its Relation to Electric Changes in the Retina , J. Physiol. 63:378-404, 1927. 24. Bartley, H. S.: The Features of the Optic-Nerve Discharge Underlying Recurrent Vision , J. Exper. Psychol. 30:129-135, 1942. 25. Brazier, M. A. B.: The Electrical Activity of the Nervous System: A Textbook for Students , London, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, Ltd., 1951. 26. Bishop, G. H., and O'Leary, J.: Components of the Electrical Response of the Optic Cortex of the Rabbit , Am. J. Physiol. 117:292-308, 1936. 27. Adrian, E. D., and Matthews, B. H. C.: The Berger Rhythm: Potential Changes from the Occipital Lobes in Man , Brain 57:355-481, 1934. 28. Adrian, E. D.: Dominance of Vision: Doyne Memorial Lecture , Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 63:194-207, 1944. 29. Daly, D.: Electroencephalographic Studies of Photic Driving in Normal Individuals, Thesis, University of Minnesota Graduate School, 1952. 30. Burian, H. M., and Watson, C. W.: Cerebral Electric Response to Intermittent Photic Stimulation in Amblyopia ex Anopsia: A Preliminary Report , A. M. A. Arch. Ophth. 48:137-143, 1952. 31. Baudouin, A.; Halbron, P.; Fischgold, H., and Mion, R. J.: L'examen électrique de la région occipitale dans les lésions des oies optiques (modification du rhythme de Berger) , Bull. Soc. opht. Paris 51:176-182, 1939. 32. Case, T. J.: Alpha Waves in Relation to Structures Involved in Vision , Biol. Symposia 7:107-116, 1942. 33. Levinsohn, J. D.; Gibbs, E. L.; Stillerman, M. L., and Perlstein, M. A.: Electroencephalogram and Eye Disorders , Pediatrics 7:422-427, 1951. 34. Kluyskens, J.: Étude électroencéphalographique du champ visuel: note préliminaire , Bull. Soc. belg. opht. 90:518-529, 1948. 35. Callahan, A., and Redlich, F. C.: Electroencephalography and Ophthalmology , Am. J. Ophth. 29:1522-1533, 1946. 36. Cornil, L., and Gastaut, H.: Étude électro-encéphalographique de la dominance sensorielle d'un hémisphère cérébral , Presse méd. 55:421-422, 1947. 37. Monnier, M., and Boehm, F.: Prüfung der Leistungsfähigkeit des optischen Systems durch kombinierte Elektroretinographie and Elektroencephalographie beim Menschen , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 5:c34-c35, 1947. 38. Monnier, M., and Jeanneret, R. L.: Contrôle objectif de la conductibilité des voies optique centrales par l'électro-rétinographie et l'électro-encéphalographie combinées , Ophthalmologica 113:1-11, 1947.Crossref 39. Monnier, M.: Mésure du temps rétino-cortical à partir des potentiels corticaux évoqués par stimulation lumineuse chez l'homme , Helvet. physiol. et pharmacol. acta 6:61-62, 1947.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1954

References