Key PointsQuestionAmong newborns receiving respiratory support, does treating pneumothoraces diagnosed on chest radiography with needle aspiration result in fewer infants having chest drains inserted within 6 hours of diagnosis? FindingsIn this randomized clinical trial of 70 infants, fewer infants assigned to needle aspiration had a chest drain inserted within 6 hours. MeaningBecause needle aspiration reduced the rate of chest drain insertion, it should be used as the initial method of draining radiographically confirmed pneumothorax in symptomatic infants.
JAMA Pediatrics – American Medical Association
Published: Jul 14, 2018