ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION ONLINE FIRST Effect of Music-Based Multitask Training on Gait, Balance, and Fall Risk in Elderly People A Randomized Controlled Trial Andrea Trombetti, MD; Me´lany Hars, PhD; Franc¸ois R. Herrmann, MD, MPH; Reto W. Kressig, MD; Serge Ferrari, MD; Rene´ Rizzoli, MD Background: Falls occur mainly while walking or per- group. Balance and functional tests improved compared forming concurrent tasks. We determined whether a mu- with the control group. There were fewer falls in the in- sic-based multitask exercise program improves gait and tervention group (incidence rate ratio, 0.46; 95% confi- balance and reduces fall risk in elderly individuals. dence interval, 0.27-0.79) and a lower risk of falling (rela- tive risk, 0.61; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-0.96). Similar Methods: We conducted a 12-month randomized con- changes occurred in the delayed intervention control trolled trial involving 134 community-dwelling individu- group during the second 6-month period with interven- als older than 65 years, who are at increased risk of fall- tion. The benefit of the intervention on gait variability ing. They were randomly assigned to an intervention persisted 6 months later. group (n = 66) or a delayed intervention control group scheduled to start the program 6 months later (n =
JAMA Internal Medicine – American Medical Association
Published: Mar 28, 2011
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