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EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL TEMPORARY VASCULAR OCCLUSION ON THE SPINAL CORD: I. CORRELATION BETWEEN STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES

EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL TEMPORARY VASCULAR OCCLUSION ON THE SPINAL CORD: I. CORRELATION BETWEEN... Abstract In a recent publication Cowdry1 indicated the problems confronting the cytologist and the neuropathologist in their study of the nervous system. The possibility of analyzing the functions of the nerve cell in correlation with its histologic structure and chemical activity during pathologic states promises an advance toward the understanding of its normal physiologic and metabolic activities. Numerous observations have been made, in the study both of experimental and of pathologic material, on the influences of noxious agents on nerve cells, but too frequently they have been based on dead or dying tissues. For the problem under consideration it seemed more pertinent to investigate the reactions of injured nerve cells during their response to and recovery from injury. In the experiments conducted in this study it was desired to produce a disturbance in the nutrition of the nerve cells which could be controlled both in degree and in duration. A References 1. Cowdry, E. V.: Neurocytology , in The Problem of Mental Disorder , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1934, chap. 4, p. 146. 2. Penfield, W.: Intracerebral Vascular Nerves , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 27:30 ( (Jan.) ) 1932. 3. Cobb, S., and Finesinger, J. E.: The Vagal Pathway of the Vasodilator Impulses , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1243 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 4. Chorobski, J., and Penfield, W.: Cerebral Vasodilator Nerves and Their Pathway from the Medulla Oblongata , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1257 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 5. Gomez, L., and Pike, F. H.: The Histologic Changes in Nerve Cells Due to Total Temporary Anemia of the Central Nervous System , J. Exper. Med. 11:257, 1909. 6. Cannon, W. B., and Burket, I. R.: The Endurance of Anemia by Cells of the Myenteric Plexus , Am. J. Physiol. 32:347, 1913. 7. Gildea, E. F., and Cobb, S.: The Effect of Anemia on the Cerebral Cortex of the Cat , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 23:876 ( (May) ) 1930. 8. Hill, L.: On Cerebral Anemia and the Effects Which Follow Ligation of the Cerebral Arteries , Phil. Tr. Roy. Soc., s.B 193:69, 1900. 9. Stewart, G. N.; Guthrie, C. C.; Burnes, R. L., and Pike, F. H.: Studies on Resuscitation , J. Exper. Med. 8:289, 1906 10. 10:490, 1908. 11. Wilkins, C. S.: Cardiovascular Changes During Cerebral Anemia , Am. J. Physiol. 60:1, 1922. 12. de Buck, D., and de Moor, L.: Lésions des cellules nerveuses sous l'influence de l'anémie aigüe , Névraxe 2:2, 1901. 13. Rothmann, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 14. Stenson, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 15. Swammerdam, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 16. Ehrlich and Brieger: Ueber die Ausschaltung des Lendenmarkgrau , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. ( (supp.) ) 7:155, 1884. 17. Singer, J.: Ueber der Veränderung des Rückenmarks nach zeitlicher Verschliessung der Bauchaorta , Sitzungsb. d. k. Akad. d. Wissensch. 96:136, 1887. 18. Spronck, C. H. H.: Contribution à l'étude expérimentale des lésions de la moelle épinière determinées par l'anémie passagère de cet organe , Arch. de physiol. norm. et path. 1:1, 1888. 19. Wiener and Münzer: Beiträge zur Anatomie und Physiologie des Centralnervensystems: I. Ueber die Ausschaltung des Lendenmarkgrau , Arch. f. exper. Path. u. Pharmakol. 35:113, 1895. 20. Herter, C. A.: A Study of Experimental Myelitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 16:197, 1889. 21. Sarbo, A.: Ueber die Rückenmarksveränderungen nach zeitweiliger Verschliessung der Bauchaorta , Neurol. Centralbl. 14:664, 1895. 22. Jatta. cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 23. Rhegetta, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 24. Marinesco, M. G.: Des lésions primitives et des lésions secondaires de la cellule nerveuse , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 48:106, 1896 25. Lésions de la moelle épinière consécutives à la ligature de l'aorte abdominale , Marinesco Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 48:230, 1896. 26. Juliusberger, O.: Bemerkungen zur Pathologie der Ganglienzelle , Neurol. Centralbl. 15:386, 1896. 27. Ballet and Dutil, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 28. Patton, W. E.: Alterations in Mineral Constituents of Anterior Horn Cells in Experimental Poliomyelitis , Am. J. Path. 10:615, 1934. 29. O'Leary, J. L.; Heinbecker, P., and Bishop, G. H.: Nerve Degeneration in Poliomyelitis: IV. Physiologic and Histologic Studies on the Roots and Nerves Supplying Paralyzed Extremities of Monkeys During Acute Poliomyelitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:272 ( (Aug.) ) 1932. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL TEMPORARY VASCULAR OCCLUSION ON THE SPINAL CORD: I. CORRELATION BETWEEN STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES

Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry , Volume 35 (4) – Apr 1, 1936

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1936 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6754
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1936.02260040097007
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Abstract

Abstract In a recent publication Cowdry1 indicated the problems confronting the cytologist and the neuropathologist in their study of the nervous system. The possibility of analyzing the functions of the nerve cell in correlation with its histologic structure and chemical activity during pathologic states promises an advance toward the understanding of its normal physiologic and metabolic activities. Numerous observations have been made, in the study both of experimental and of pathologic material, on the influences of noxious agents on nerve cells, but too frequently they have been based on dead or dying tissues. For the problem under consideration it seemed more pertinent to investigate the reactions of injured nerve cells during their response to and recovery from injury. In the experiments conducted in this study it was desired to produce a disturbance in the nutrition of the nerve cells which could be controlled both in degree and in duration. A References 1. Cowdry, E. V.: Neurocytology , in The Problem of Mental Disorder , New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1934, chap. 4, p. 146. 2. Penfield, W.: Intracerebral Vascular Nerves , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 27:30 ( (Jan.) ) 1932. 3. Cobb, S., and Finesinger, J. E.: The Vagal Pathway of the Vasodilator Impulses , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1243 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 4. Chorobski, J., and Penfield, W.: Cerebral Vasodilator Nerves and Their Pathway from the Medulla Oblongata , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:1257 ( (Dec.) ) 1932. 5. Gomez, L., and Pike, F. H.: The Histologic Changes in Nerve Cells Due to Total Temporary Anemia of the Central Nervous System , J. Exper. Med. 11:257, 1909. 6. Cannon, W. B., and Burket, I. R.: The Endurance of Anemia by Cells of the Myenteric Plexus , Am. J. Physiol. 32:347, 1913. 7. Gildea, E. F., and Cobb, S.: The Effect of Anemia on the Cerebral Cortex of the Cat , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 23:876 ( (May) ) 1930. 8. Hill, L.: On Cerebral Anemia and the Effects Which Follow Ligation of the Cerebral Arteries , Phil. Tr. Roy. Soc., s.B 193:69, 1900. 9. Stewart, G. N.; Guthrie, C. C.; Burnes, R. L., and Pike, F. H.: Studies on Resuscitation , J. Exper. Med. 8:289, 1906 10. 10:490, 1908. 11. Wilkins, C. S.: Cardiovascular Changes During Cerebral Anemia , Am. J. Physiol. 60:1, 1922. 12. de Buck, D., and de Moor, L.: Lésions des cellules nerveuses sous l'influence de l'anémie aigüe , Névraxe 2:2, 1901. 13. Rothmann, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 14. Stenson, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 15. Swammerdam, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 16. Ehrlich and Brieger: Ueber die Ausschaltung des Lendenmarkgrau , Ztschr. f. klin. Med. ( (supp.) ) 7:155, 1884. 17. Singer, J.: Ueber der Veränderung des Rückenmarks nach zeitlicher Verschliessung der Bauchaorta , Sitzungsb. d. k. Akad. d. Wissensch. 96:136, 1887. 18. Spronck, C. H. H.: Contribution à l'étude expérimentale des lésions de la moelle épinière determinées par l'anémie passagère de cet organe , Arch. de physiol. norm. et path. 1:1, 1888. 19. Wiener and Münzer: Beiträge zur Anatomie und Physiologie des Centralnervensystems: I. Ueber die Ausschaltung des Lendenmarkgrau , Arch. f. exper. Path. u. Pharmakol. 35:113, 1895. 20. Herter, C. A.: A Study of Experimental Myelitis , J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis. 16:197, 1889. 21. Sarbo, A.: Ueber die Rückenmarksveränderungen nach zeitweiliger Verschliessung der Bauchaorta , Neurol. Centralbl. 14:664, 1895. 22. Jatta. cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 23. Rhegetta, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 24. Marinesco, M. G.: Des lésions primitives et des lésions secondaires de la cellule nerveuse , Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 48:106, 1896 25. Lésions de la moelle épinière consécutives à la ligature de l'aorte abdominale , Marinesco Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. 48:230, 1896. 26. Juliusberger, O.: Bemerkungen zur Pathologie der Ganglienzelle , Neurol. Centralbl. 15:386, 1896. 27. Ballet and Dutil, cited by de Buck and de Moor.10 28. Patton, W. E.: Alterations in Mineral Constituents of Anterior Horn Cells in Experimental Poliomyelitis , Am. J. Path. 10:615, 1934. 29. O'Leary, J. L.; Heinbecker, P., and Bishop, G. H.: Nerve Degeneration in Poliomyelitis: IV. Physiologic and Histologic Studies on the Roots and Nerves Supplying Paralyzed Extremities of Monkeys During Acute Poliomyelitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 28:272 ( (Aug.) ) 1932.

Journal

Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Apr 1, 1936

References