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ECZEMA HERPETICUM (KAPOSI'S VARICELLIFORM ERUPTION): Report of Three Recurrent Cases

ECZEMA HERPETICUM (KAPOSI'S VARICELLIFORM ERUPTION): Report of Three Recurrent Cases Abstract Although recurrent herpes simplex is very common, subsequent attacks of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption are extremely rare.1 We were able to find only four reports of recurrences of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption in the literature available to us*; undoubtedly, there must be numerous unpublished observations. We, therefore, deem it worthy to report three additional recurrent cases. REPORT OF CASES Case 1.—M. C., a 17-year-old white girl, has had atopic eczema since infancy. On Jan. 14, 1953, a confluent vesicular eruption appeared on her head, neck, shoulders, and arms; the involved area was erythematous and edematous. There was marked regional lymphadenopathy. On Jan. 17 she was admitted to the hospital. The white blood count was 12,800, and the urinalysis revealed 1+ albumin. A gradually rising fever reached 104 F. on Jan. 19 and dropped precipitously to 100 F. on Jan. 20. The temperature returned to normal on Jan. 23. Regression References 1. References 2 to 5. 2. Brain, R. T.; Dudgeon, J. A., and Philpott, M. G.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Brit. J. Dermat. 62:203 ( (May) ) 1950.Crossref 3. Boake, W. C.; Dudgeon, J. A., and Burnet, F. M.: Recurrent Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption in an Adult , Lancet 1:383 ( (Feb. 17) ) 1951.Crossref 4. Grist, N. R.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: A Study of 9 Cases, and a Discussion of the Etiology , Glasgow M. J. 34:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1953. 5. Miller, O. B.; Arbesman, C., and Baer, R. L.: Disseminated Cutaneous Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 62:477 ( (Oct.) ) 1950. 6. Ruchman, I.; Welsh, A. L., and Dodd, K.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Isolation of the Virus of Herpes Simplex from the Cutaneous Lesions of 3 Adults and 1 Infant , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 56:846 ( (Dec.) ) 1947. 7. Buerk, M. S., and Blank, H.: Disseminated Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) and the Failure of Penicillin and Aureomycin to Influence Its Course , New England J. Med. 244:670 ( (May 3) ) 1951. 8. Lynch, F. W., and Steves, R. J.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 55:327 ( (March) ) 1947. 9. Kaposi, M.: Pathology and Treatment of Diseases of the Skin for Practitioners and Students , Ed. 4, translated by J. C. Johnston, New York, William Wood & Company, 1895, p. 346. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

ECZEMA HERPETICUM (KAPOSI'S VARICELLIFORM ERUPTION): Report of Three Recurrent Cases

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1955.01540270111022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Although recurrent herpes simplex is very common, subsequent attacks of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption are extremely rare.1 We were able to find only four reports of recurrences of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption in the literature available to us*; undoubtedly, there must be numerous unpublished observations. We, therefore, deem it worthy to report three additional recurrent cases. REPORT OF CASES Case 1.—M. C., a 17-year-old white girl, has had atopic eczema since infancy. On Jan. 14, 1953, a confluent vesicular eruption appeared on her head, neck, shoulders, and arms; the involved area was erythematous and edematous. There was marked regional lymphadenopathy. On Jan. 17 she was admitted to the hospital. The white blood count was 12,800, and the urinalysis revealed 1+ albumin. A gradually rising fever reached 104 F. on Jan. 19 and dropped precipitously to 100 F. on Jan. 20. The temperature returned to normal on Jan. 23. Regression References 1. References 2 to 5. 2. Brain, R. T.; Dudgeon, J. A., and Philpott, M. G.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Brit. J. Dermat. 62:203 ( (May) ) 1950.Crossref 3. Boake, W. C.; Dudgeon, J. A., and Burnet, F. M.: Recurrent Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption in an Adult , Lancet 1:383 ( (Feb. 17) ) 1951.Crossref 4. Grist, N. R.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: A Study of 9 Cases, and a Discussion of the Etiology , Glasgow M. J. 34:1 ( (Jan.) ) 1953. 5. Miller, O. B.; Arbesman, C., and Baer, R. L.: Disseminated Cutaneous Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 62:477 ( (Oct.) ) 1950. 6. Ruchman, I.; Welsh, A. L., and Dodd, K.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption: Isolation of the Virus of Herpes Simplex from the Cutaneous Lesions of 3 Adults and 1 Infant , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 56:846 ( (Dec.) ) 1947. 7. Buerk, M. S., and Blank, H.: Disseminated Herpes Simplex (Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption) and the Failure of Penicillin and Aureomycin to Influence Its Course , New England J. Med. 244:670 ( (May 3) ) 1951. 8. Lynch, F. W., and Steves, R. J.: Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 55:327 ( (March) ) 1947. 9. Kaposi, M.: Pathology and Treatment of Diseases of the Skin for Practitioners and Students , Ed. 4, translated by J. C. Johnston, New York, William Wood & Company, 1895, p. 346.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1955

References