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Echoencephalography: Evaluation Based on Records From 100 Normal Infants and Children

Echoencephalography: Evaluation Based on Records From 100 Normal Infants and Children Abstract One hundred children ranging in age from 1 day to 5 years were examined with an echoencephalographic method especially developed for evaluating ventricular size. All results were related to the diameter of the head and expressed as indices. A midline echo was recorded in all children. More than 3% deviation of this echo from the geometrical midline is considered abnormal. The lateral ventricle index was higher in the newborn infants than in the older children. The echoencephalographic method is rarely suitable for determining the exact width of the lateral ventricles in children 2 years of age or older; only when the ventricles are dilated, as in hydrocephalus, will the method yield reliable measurements. References 1. Leksell, L.: Echo-Encephalography: I. Detection of Intracranial Complications Following Head Injury , Acta Chir Scand 110:301, 1955-1956. 2. Leksell, L.: Echoencephalography: II. Midline Echo From the Pineal Body as an Index of Pineal Displacement , Acta Chir Scand 115:255, 1958. 3. Jeppsson, S.: Echoencephalography: IV. The Midline Echo; an Evaluation of Its Usefulness for Diagnosing Intracranial Expansivities and an Investigation Into Its Sources , Acta Chir Scand 272 ( (suppl) ):1-151, 1961. 4. Lithander, B.: Clinical and Experimental Studies in Echo-Encephalography , Acta Psychiat Scand 36 ( (suppl 159) ):1-53, 1961.Crossref 5. Sjögren, I.: Echoencephalography in Paediatric Practice With Special Regard to Measurement of the Ventricular Size: II. Method and Methodological Difficulties , Acta Paediat Scand 178 ( (suppl) ):7-67, 1967. 6. Sjögren, I.; Bergström, K.; and Lodin, H.: Echoencephalography in Infants and Children: Comparison With Cerebral Pneumography in Measuring Ventricular Size , Acta Radiol , (suppl 278) , 1968. 7. Sjögren, I.: Echoencephalography in Paediatric Practice With Special Regard to Measurement of the Ventricular Size: I. Some Physical Aspects of Ultrasound , Acta Paediat Scand 56:1-23, 1967.Crossref 8. Sjögren, I.: Echoencephalographic Measurement of Ventricular Size in Children , Develop Med Child Neurol 10:145-158 ( (April) ) 1968.Crossref 9. Lindgren, E.: Encephalography in Cerebral Atrophy , Acta Radiol 35:277, 1951.Crossref 10. Evans, W.A., Jr.: An Encephalographic Ratio for Estimating the Size of the Ventricles , Amer J Dis Child 64:820-830 ( (Nov) ) 1942.Crossref 11. Schiersmann, O.: Einführung in die Enzephalographie , Leipzig: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1942. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Echoencephalography: Evaluation Based on Records From 100 Normal Infants and Children

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1970 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1970.02100050047009
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract One hundred children ranging in age from 1 day to 5 years were examined with an echoencephalographic method especially developed for evaluating ventricular size. All results were related to the diameter of the head and expressed as indices. A midline echo was recorded in all children. More than 3% deviation of this echo from the geometrical midline is considered abnormal. The lateral ventricle index was higher in the newborn infants than in the older children. The echoencephalographic method is rarely suitable for determining the exact width of the lateral ventricles in children 2 years of age or older; only when the ventricles are dilated, as in hydrocephalus, will the method yield reliable measurements. References 1. Leksell, L.: Echo-Encephalography: I. Detection of Intracranial Complications Following Head Injury , Acta Chir Scand 110:301, 1955-1956. 2. Leksell, L.: Echoencephalography: II. Midline Echo From the Pineal Body as an Index of Pineal Displacement , Acta Chir Scand 115:255, 1958. 3. Jeppsson, S.: Echoencephalography: IV. The Midline Echo; an Evaluation of Its Usefulness for Diagnosing Intracranial Expansivities and an Investigation Into Its Sources , Acta Chir Scand 272 ( (suppl) ):1-151, 1961. 4. Lithander, B.: Clinical and Experimental Studies in Echo-Encephalography , Acta Psychiat Scand 36 ( (suppl 159) ):1-53, 1961.Crossref 5. Sjögren, I.: Echoencephalography in Paediatric Practice With Special Regard to Measurement of the Ventricular Size: II. Method and Methodological Difficulties , Acta Paediat Scand 178 ( (suppl) ):7-67, 1967. 6. Sjögren, I.; Bergström, K.; and Lodin, H.: Echoencephalography in Infants and Children: Comparison With Cerebral Pneumography in Measuring Ventricular Size , Acta Radiol , (suppl 278) , 1968. 7. Sjögren, I.: Echoencephalography in Paediatric Practice With Special Regard to Measurement of the Ventricular Size: I. Some Physical Aspects of Ultrasound , Acta Paediat Scand 56:1-23, 1967.Crossref 8. Sjögren, I.: Echoencephalographic Measurement of Ventricular Size in Children , Develop Med Child Neurol 10:145-158 ( (April) ) 1968.Crossref 9. Lindgren, E.: Encephalography in Cerebral Atrophy , Acta Radiol 35:277, 1951.Crossref 10. Evans, W.A., Jr.: An Encephalographic Ratio for Estimating the Size of the Ventricles , Amer J Dis Child 64:820-830 ( (Nov) ) 1942.Crossref 11. Schiersmann, O.: Einführung in die Enzephalographie , Leipzig: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1942.

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1970

References