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Diverticulosis of the Appendix

Diverticulosis of the Appendix Abstract DIVERTICULOSIS of the vermiform appendix, as of the colon proper, is characterized by the formation of pouches or pockets leading off from the lumen. They may be congenital or acquired. The congenital variety is rare and is characterized by the presence of all the layers of the appendiceal wall. The walls of acquired diverticula are formed by mucosa and submucosa, but the muscularis is absent or very attentuated. These diverticula are produced after an abnormal increase in muscular activity with increase in intra-appendicular pressure. Acquired diverticulum of the appendix was first described by Kelynak1 in 1893. In 1926, Spriggs and Marxer2 recorded the first case in which the diagnosis was made radiologically. Most of the cases reported or described in the literature have been found accidentally, at operation or during routine autopsy examination. In 1946, Gilmore and Mahan3 reported another case in which the diagnosis was made References 1. Wilson, R.R.: Diverticula of the Appendix and Certain Factors in Their Development , Brit J Surg 38:65-81, 1950.Crossref 2. Rabinovitch, J.M., et al: Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis of the Vermiform Appendix , Ann Surg 155:434-440, 1962.Crossref 3. Gilmore, J.H., and Mahan, T.K.: A Case of Diverticulosis of the Vermiform Appendix, Roentgenologically Demonstrated , Amer J Roentgen 56: 748-750, 1946. 4. Wilson, R.R.: Diverticula of the Appendix and Certain Factors in Their Development , Brit J Surg 38:65-81, 1950.Crossref 5. Rabinovitch, J.M., et al: Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis of the Vermiform Appendix , Ann Surg 155:434-440, 1962.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

Diverticulosis of the Appendix

Archives of Surgery , Volume 96 (3) – Mar 1, 1968

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1968 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1968.01330210107021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract DIVERTICULOSIS of the vermiform appendix, as of the colon proper, is characterized by the formation of pouches or pockets leading off from the lumen. They may be congenital or acquired. The congenital variety is rare and is characterized by the presence of all the layers of the appendiceal wall. The walls of acquired diverticula are formed by mucosa and submucosa, but the muscularis is absent or very attentuated. These diverticula are produced after an abnormal increase in muscular activity with increase in intra-appendicular pressure. Acquired diverticulum of the appendix was first described by Kelynak1 in 1893. In 1926, Spriggs and Marxer2 recorded the first case in which the diagnosis was made radiologically. Most of the cases reported or described in the literature have been found accidentally, at operation or during routine autopsy examination. In 1946, Gilmore and Mahan3 reported another case in which the diagnosis was made References 1. Wilson, R.R.: Diverticula of the Appendix and Certain Factors in Their Development , Brit J Surg 38:65-81, 1950.Crossref 2. Rabinovitch, J.M., et al: Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis of the Vermiform Appendix , Ann Surg 155:434-440, 1962.Crossref 3. Gilmore, J.H., and Mahan, T.K.: A Case of Diverticulosis of the Vermiform Appendix, Roentgenologically Demonstrated , Amer J Roentgen 56: 748-750, 1946. 4. Wilson, R.R.: Diverticula of the Appendix and Certain Factors in Their Development , Brit J Surg 38:65-81, 1950.Crossref 5. Rabinovitch, J.M., et al: Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis of the Vermiform Appendix , Ann Surg 155:434-440, 1962.Crossref

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1968

References