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Direct Current Potentials in Hypnoanalgesia

Direct Current Potentials in Hypnoanalgesia Abstract Hypnoanalgesia has intrigued and plagued investigators in clinical and experimental hypnosis from the very beginnings of scientific inquiry into the general area of hypnosis. Adequate reviews of the experimental evidence bearing on the validity of the phenomenon have been presented by Weitzenhoffer 12 and Barber.2 In view of the equivocal results from investigations of hypnoanalgesia and alterations of involuntary physiological correlates of pain, and given the more positive evidence of changes in voluntary function with hypnotic suggestion, Weitzenhoffer has indicated that there is no evidence that the alterations brought about are anything more than functional in nature. Barber, in his development of a theory of pain, has emphasized the role of central psychological, as against peripheral and neurophysiological, factors in the mitigation of discomfort caused by noxious stimuli. He arrives at a formulation in which the salient factor in pain, in terms of References 1. Bachman, C. H.; Becker, R. O., and Friedman, H.: The Diffused Boundary Carbon-Saline Electrode, submitted for publication. 2. Barber, T. X.: Toward a Theory of Pain: Relief of Chronic Pain by Prefrontal Leucotomy, Opiates, Placebos, and Hypnosis , Psychol. Bull. 56:430-460, 1959.Crossref 3. Becker, R. O.: The Bioelectric Field Pattern in the Salamander and Its Simulation by an Electronic Analog , IRE Trans. Med. Electronics ME-7:202-207, 1960.Crossref 4. Becker, R. O.: The Bioelectric Factors in Amphibian-Limb Regeneration , J. Bone Joint Surg. (Amer.) 43A:643-656, 1961. 5. Becker, R. O.: Search for Evidence of Axial Current Flow in the Peripheral Nerves of the Salamander , Science 134:101-102, 1961.Crossref 6. Becker, R. O., and Bachman, C. H.: The Direct Current Field: A New Data Transmission and Control System, Paper read at 4th International Conference of Medical Electronics, New York, July, 1961. 7. Becker, R. O., and Bachman, C. H.: The Direct Current Field in the Human , Paper read at A.M.A. Multidisciplinary Research Conference , New York, June, 1961. 8. Davis, L. W., and Husband, R. W.: A Study of Hypnotic Susceptibility in Relation to Personality Traits , J. Abnorm. Soc. Psychol. 26:175-182, 1931.Crossref 9. Grenell, R. G., and Burr, H. S.: Surface Potentials and Peripheral Nerve Injury: A Clinical Test , Yale J. Biology Med. 18:517-525, 1946. 10. Ravitz, L. J.: Standing Potential Correlates of Hypnosis and Narcosis , A.M.A. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 65:413-436, 1951.Crossref 11. Schneck, J. M.: A Theory of Hypnosis , J. Clin. Exp. Hypnosis 1:16-17, 1953.Crossref 12. Weitzenhoffer, A. M.: Hypnotism: An Objective Study in Suggestibility , New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1953. 13. Werner, H.: Comparative Psychology of Mental Development , Revised, New York, International Universities Press, 1957. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1962 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1962.01720030039005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Hypnoanalgesia has intrigued and plagued investigators in clinical and experimental hypnosis from the very beginnings of scientific inquiry into the general area of hypnosis. Adequate reviews of the experimental evidence bearing on the validity of the phenomenon have been presented by Weitzenhoffer 12 and Barber.2 In view of the equivocal results from investigations of hypnoanalgesia and alterations of involuntary physiological correlates of pain, and given the more positive evidence of changes in voluntary function with hypnotic suggestion, Weitzenhoffer has indicated that there is no evidence that the alterations brought about are anything more than functional in nature. Barber, in his development of a theory of pain, has emphasized the role of central psychological, as against peripheral and neurophysiological, factors in the mitigation of discomfort caused by noxious stimuli. He arrives at a formulation in which the salient factor in pain, in terms of References 1. Bachman, C. H.; Becker, R. O., and Friedman, H.: The Diffused Boundary Carbon-Saline Electrode, submitted for publication. 2. Barber, T. X.: Toward a Theory of Pain: Relief of Chronic Pain by Prefrontal Leucotomy, Opiates, Placebos, and Hypnosis , Psychol. Bull. 56:430-460, 1959.Crossref 3. Becker, R. O.: The Bioelectric Field Pattern in the Salamander and Its Simulation by an Electronic Analog , IRE Trans. Med. Electronics ME-7:202-207, 1960.Crossref 4. Becker, R. O.: The Bioelectric Factors in Amphibian-Limb Regeneration , J. Bone Joint Surg. (Amer.) 43A:643-656, 1961. 5. Becker, R. O.: Search for Evidence of Axial Current Flow in the Peripheral Nerves of the Salamander , Science 134:101-102, 1961.Crossref 6. Becker, R. O., and Bachman, C. H.: The Direct Current Field: A New Data Transmission and Control System, Paper read at 4th International Conference of Medical Electronics, New York, July, 1961. 7. Becker, R. O., and Bachman, C. H.: The Direct Current Field in the Human , Paper read at A.M.A. Multidisciplinary Research Conference , New York, June, 1961. 8. Davis, L. W., and Husband, R. W.: A Study of Hypnotic Susceptibility in Relation to Personality Traits , J. Abnorm. Soc. Psychol. 26:175-182, 1931.Crossref 9. Grenell, R. G., and Burr, H. S.: Surface Potentials and Peripheral Nerve Injury: A Clinical Test , Yale J. Biology Med. 18:517-525, 1946. 10. Ravitz, L. J.: Standing Potential Correlates of Hypnosis and Narcosis , A.M.A. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 65:413-436, 1951.Crossref 11. Schneck, J. M.: A Theory of Hypnosis , J. Clin. Exp. Hypnosis 1:16-17, 1953.Crossref 12. Weitzenhoffer, A. M.: Hypnotism: An Objective Study in Suggestibility , New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1953. 13. Werner, H.: Comparative Psychology of Mental Development , Revised, New York, International Universities Press, 1957.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1962

References