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Dark Adaptation in Amblyopia

Dark Adaptation in Amblyopia Abstract The dark adaptation process of ten amblyopic children was studied. Threshold defects were found particulary during the early phase of dark adaptation. The defects were found to be partially reversible. The significance in terms of the retinal mechanisms of adaptation is discussed. References 1. Hering, E.: Outlines of a Theory of a Light Sense , L.M. Hurvich, and D. Jameson (trans.), Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1964, pp 1-24. 2. Spaeth, E.B.: Clinical Determination of the Light Threshold , Arch Ophthal 11:462-485 ( (March) ) 1934.Crossref 3. Wald, G., and Burian, H.M.: The Dissociation of Form Vision and Light Perception in Strabismic Amblyopia , Amer J Ophthal 27:950-963 ( (Sept) ) 1944. 4. Rubino, A., and Peyreyra, L.: Occhioe diencefalo: IV. Comportamento dello sensibilita luminosa in occhi ampliopici compararivamente agli occhi normalle nel "Ritmo Giorno-notte," Riv Otoneurooftal 23:221-226, 1948. 5. Jayle, G.E., and Ourgard, A.G.: La Vision Nocturne et ses Troubles , Paris: Masson et Cie, 1950, pp 705-713. 6. Oppel, O., and Kranke, D.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen über das Verhalten der Dunkel adaptation normaler and schielamblyoper Augen , Arch Opthal (Munchen) 159:486-501 (No. (5) ) 1958. 7. Saiduzzaffar, H., and Ruben, C.M.: Visual Acuity Thresholds in Amblyopes , Brit J Ophthal 47:153-163 ( (March) ) 1963.Crossref 8. Szucs, S.: L'Adaptométrie dans l'amblyopie strabique , Bull Soc Belg Ophtal 116:287-297, 1957. 9. Pirenne, M.H.: " Dark-Adaptation and Night Vision ," in Davson, H. (ed.): The Eye , New York: Academic Press, Inc., 1962, vol 2, pp 93-122. 10. Flynn, J.T.: An Experiment in Pleoptics, Southern Med J, to be published. 11. Weekers, R.: Adaptométrie enregistreur: Présentation de l'appareil , Bull Soc Belg Ophtal 95:345-349, 1950. 12. Dunn, O.J.: Basic Statistics , New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1964, pp 63-65. 13. Fisher, R.A.: The Design of Experiments , New York: Hafner Publishing Co., 1960, pp 32-38. 14. Wald, G.: " The Photoreceptor Process in Vision ," in Field, H.F. (ed.): Handbook of Physiology , Washington, DC: American Physiological Society, 1960, section 1, vol 1, pp 671-766. 15. Barlow, H.B.; Fitz-Hugh, R.; and Kuffler, S.W.: Dark Adaptation, Absolute Threshold and Purkinje Shift in Single Units of the Cat's Retina , J Physiol 137:327-337, 1957. 16. Granit, R.: " Neurophysiology of the Retina ," in Davson, H. (ed.): The Eye , New York: Academic Press, Inc., 1962, vol 2, p 576. 17. Matarai, G., et al: " Glial-Neuron Interactions and Adaptational Mechanisms of the Retina ," in Jung, R., and Kornhuber, H. (ed.): The Visual System: Neurology and Psychophysics , Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1962, pp 463-481. 18. Osterberg, G.: Topography of the Layer of Rods and Cones in the Human Retina , Acta Ophthal 13( (suppl 6) ):1-96, 1935. 19. Wald, G.: Analysis of Retinal Function by a Two-Filter Method J Opt Soc Amer 50:633-641 ( (July) ) 1960.Crossref 20. Granit, R.: " Neurophysiology of the Retina ," in Davson, I.N. (ed.): The Eye , New York: Academic Press, Inc., 1960, vol 2, pp 622-623. 21. Wiesel, T.H., and Hubel, D.H.: Effects of Visual Deprivation on Morphology and Physiology of Cells in the Cat's Lateral Geniculate Body , J Neurophysiol 26:978-993 ( (Nov) ) 1963. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Dark Adaptation in Amblyopia

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 79 (6) – Jun 1, 1968

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1968 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1968.03850040699007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The dark adaptation process of ten amblyopic children was studied. Threshold defects were found particulary during the early phase of dark adaptation. The defects were found to be partially reversible. The significance in terms of the retinal mechanisms of adaptation is discussed. References 1. Hering, E.: Outlines of a Theory of a Light Sense , L.M. Hurvich, and D. Jameson (trans.), Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1964, pp 1-24. 2. Spaeth, E.B.: Clinical Determination of the Light Threshold , Arch Ophthal 11:462-485 ( (March) ) 1934.Crossref 3. Wald, G., and Burian, H.M.: The Dissociation of Form Vision and Light Perception in Strabismic Amblyopia , Amer J Ophthal 27:950-963 ( (Sept) ) 1944. 4. Rubino, A., and Peyreyra, L.: Occhioe diencefalo: IV. Comportamento dello sensibilita luminosa in occhi ampliopici compararivamente agli occhi normalle nel "Ritmo Giorno-notte," Riv Otoneurooftal 23:221-226, 1948. 5. Jayle, G.E., and Ourgard, A.G.: La Vision Nocturne et ses Troubles , Paris: Masson et Cie, 1950, pp 705-713. 6. Oppel, O., and Kranke, D.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen über das Verhalten der Dunkel adaptation normaler and schielamblyoper Augen , Arch Opthal (Munchen) 159:486-501 (No. (5) ) 1958. 7. Saiduzzaffar, H., and Ruben, C.M.: Visual Acuity Thresholds in Amblyopes , Brit J Ophthal 47:153-163 ( (March) ) 1963.Crossref 8. Szucs, S.: L'Adaptométrie dans l'amblyopie strabique , Bull Soc Belg Ophtal 116:287-297, 1957. 9. Pirenne, M.H.: " Dark-Adaptation and Night Vision ," in Davson, H. (ed.): The Eye , New York: Academic Press, Inc., 1962, vol 2, pp 93-122. 10. Flynn, J.T.: An Experiment in Pleoptics, Southern Med J, to be published. 11. Weekers, R.: Adaptométrie enregistreur: Présentation de l'appareil , Bull Soc Belg Ophtal 95:345-349, 1950. 12. Dunn, O.J.: Basic Statistics , New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1964, pp 63-65. 13. Fisher, R.A.: The Design of Experiments , New York: Hafner Publishing Co., 1960, pp 32-38. 14. Wald, G.: " The Photoreceptor Process in Vision ," in Field, H.F. (ed.): Handbook of Physiology , Washington, DC: American Physiological Society, 1960, section 1, vol 1, pp 671-766. 15. Barlow, H.B.; Fitz-Hugh, R.; and Kuffler, S.W.: Dark Adaptation, Absolute Threshold and Purkinje Shift in Single Units of the Cat's Retina , J Physiol 137:327-337, 1957. 16. Granit, R.: " Neurophysiology of the Retina ," in Davson, H. (ed.): The Eye , New York: Academic Press, Inc., 1962, vol 2, p 576. 17. Matarai, G., et al: " Glial-Neuron Interactions and Adaptational Mechanisms of the Retina ," in Jung, R., and Kornhuber, H. (ed.): The Visual System: Neurology and Psychophysics , Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1962, pp 463-481. 18. Osterberg, G.: Topography of the Layer of Rods and Cones in the Human Retina , Acta Ophthal 13( (suppl 6) ):1-96, 1935. 19. Wald, G.: Analysis of Retinal Function by a Two-Filter Method J Opt Soc Amer 50:633-641 ( (July) ) 1960.Crossref 20. Granit, R.: " Neurophysiology of the Retina ," in Davson, I.N. (ed.): The Eye , New York: Academic Press, Inc., 1960, vol 2, pp 622-623. 21. Wiesel, T.H., and Hubel, D.H.: Effects of Visual Deprivation on Morphology and Physiology of Cells in the Cat's Lateral Geniculate Body , J Neurophysiol 26:978-993 ( (Nov) ) 1963.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jun 1, 1968

References