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Current Thoughts on the Maintenance of Corneal Hydration in Vivo

Current Thoughts on the Maintenance of Corneal Hydration in Vivo Abstract It has long been known that bits of cornea when placed in distilled water, normal saline, or even hypertonic saline tend to swell to many times their normal thickness. These observations plus the recognition that hydration of the cornea may occur in various clinical situations have spurred a number of studies on the mechanism by which the cornea normally maintains its hydration in vivo. References 1. Cogan, D.G., and Kinsey, V.E.: The Cornea: V. Physiological Aspects , Arch Ophthal 28:661-669, 1942.Crossref 2. Maurice, D.M.: The Permeability of Sodium Ions of the Living Rabbit's Cornea , J Physiol 112:367-391, 1951. 3. Davson, H.: The Hydration of the Cornea , Biochem J 59:24-28, 1955. 4. Harris, J.E., and Nordquist, L.T.: The Hydration of the Cornea: I. The Transport of Water from the Cornea , Amer J Ophthal 40:100-110, 1955. 5. Langham, M.E., and Taylor, I.S.: Factors Affecting the Hydration of the Cornea in the Excised Eye and the Living Animal , Brit J Ophthal 40:321-340, 1956.Crossref 6. Harris, J.E.: The Physiological Control of Corneal Hydration: The First Jonas S. Friedenwald Memorial Lecture , Amer J Ophthal 44:262-280, 1957. 7. Harris, J.E.: " Transport of Fluid From the Cornea ," in The Transparency of the Cornea , Oxford: Blackwell, 1960, pp 73-86. 8. Pau, H.: Beitrag zur Physiology und Pathologie der Hornhaut , Arch Ophthal 154:579-602, 1953. 9. Dohlman, C.H., and Anseth, A.: The Swelling Pressure of the Ox Corneal Stroma , Acta Ophthal 35:73-84, 1957. 10. Harris, J.E.: Factors Influencing Corneal Hydration , Invest Ophthal 1:151-157, 1962. 11. Hedbys, B.O., and Dohlman, C.H.: A New Method for the Determination of the Swelling Pressure of the Corneal Stroma in Vitro , Exp Eye Res 2:122-129, 1963.Crossref 12. Hedbys, B.O.; Mishima, S.; and Maurice, D.: The Imbibition Pressure of the Corneal Stroma , Exp Eye Res 2:99-111, 1963.Crossref 13. Pollack, I.P.: Corneal Hydration Studied in Stromal Segments Deparated by Interlameller Discs , Invest Ophthal 1:661-665, 1962. 14. Langham, M.E.: The Interrelationship of Metabolism and Deturgescence of the Living Cornea , Invest Ophthal 1:187-194, 1962. 15. Hedbys, B.O., and Mishima, S.: Flow of Water in the Corneal Stroma , Exp Eye Res 1:262-275, 1962.Crossref 16. Mishima, S., and Maurice, D.M.: The Oily Layer of the Tear Film and Evaporation From the Corneal Surface , Exp Eye Res 1:39-45, 1961.Crossref 17. Mishima, S., and Maurice, D.M.: The Effect of Normal Evaporation on the Eye , Exp Eye Res 1:46-52, 1961.Crossref 18. Dohlman, D.; Brown, S.I.; and Martola, E.L.: Artificial Corneal Endothelium , Arch Ophthal 75:453-454, 1966.Crossref 19. Maumenee, A.E.: The Influence of Donor-Recipient Sensitization on Corneal Grafts , Amer J Ophthal 34 ( (part 2) ):142-152, 1951. 20. Harris, J.E., and Gruber, L.: The Hydration of the Cornea: III. The Influence of the Epithelium , Amer J Ophthal 42 ( (part 2) ):330-337, 1956. 21. Donn, A.; Maurice, D.M.; and Mills, N.L.: Studies on the Living Cornea in Vitro: II. The Active Transport of Sodium Across the Epithelium , Arch Ophthal 62:748-757, 1959.Crossref 22. Kaye, G.I.; Cole, J.D.; and Donn, A.: Electron Microscopy: Sodium Localization in Normal and Ouabain-Treated Transporting Cells , Science 150:1167-1168, 1965.Crossref 23. Donn, A.: Annual Review: Cornea and Sclera , Arch Ophthal 75:261-288, 1966.Crossref 24. Lambert, B., and Donn, A.: Effect of Ouabain on Active Transport of Sodium in the Cornea , Arch Ophthal 72:525-528, 1964.Crossref 25. Brown, S.I., and Hedbys, B.O.: The Effect of Ouabain on the Hydration of the Cornea , Invest Ophthal 4:216-221, 1965. 26. Langham, M.E., and Kostelnik, M.: The Effect of Ouabain on the Hydration and the Adenosine Triphosphatase Activity of the Cornea , J Pharmacol Exp Ther 150:398-405, 1965. 27. Bonting, S.J.: Na-K Activated Adenosine Triphosphatase and Active Cation Transport in the Lens , in Symposium on the Lens , Harris, J.E. (ed.), St. Louis: C. V. Mosby, Co., 1965, pp 347-362. 28. Donn, A., et al: Pinocytosis in the Rabbit Corneal Endothelium , Arch Ophthal 66:835-846, 1961.Crossref 29. Kaye, G.I., and Pappas, G.D.: Studies on the Cornea: The Fine Structure of the Rabbit Cornea and the Uptake and Transport of Colloidal Particles by the Cornea in Vivo , J Cell Biol 12:457-479, 1962.Crossref 30. Kaye, G.I., et al: Studies on the Cornea: The Uptake and Transport of Colloidal Particles in the Living Rabbit Cornea in Vitro , J Cell Biol 12:481-501, 1962.Crossref 31. Kaye, G.I., and Donn, A.: Studies on the Cornea: IV. Some Effects of Ouabain on Pinocytosis and Stromal Thickness in the Rabbit Cornea , Invest Ophthal 4:844-852, 1965. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

Current Thoughts on the Maintenance of Corneal Hydration in Vivo

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 78 (2) – Aug 1, 1967

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1967 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1967.00980030128004
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Abstract

Abstract It has long been known that bits of cornea when placed in distilled water, normal saline, or even hypertonic saline tend to swell to many times their normal thickness. These observations plus the recognition that hydration of the cornea may occur in various clinical situations have spurred a number of studies on the mechanism by which the cornea normally maintains its hydration in vivo. References 1. Cogan, D.G., and Kinsey, V.E.: The Cornea: V. Physiological Aspects , Arch Ophthal 28:661-669, 1942.Crossref 2. Maurice, D.M.: The Permeability of Sodium Ions of the Living Rabbit's Cornea , J Physiol 112:367-391, 1951. 3. Davson, H.: The Hydration of the Cornea , Biochem J 59:24-28, 1955. 4. Harris, J.E., and Nordquist, L.T.: The Hydration of the Cornea: I. The Transport of Water from the Cornea , Amer J Ophthal 40:100-110, 1955. 5. Langham, M.E., and Taylor, I.S.: Factors Affecting the Hydration of the Cornea in the Excised Eye and the Living Animal , Brit J Ophthal 40:321-340, 1956.Crossref 6. Harris, J.E.: The Physiological Control of Corneal Hydration: The First Jonas S. Friedenwald Memorial Lecture , Amer J Ophthal 44:262-280, 1957. 7. Harris, J.E.: " Transport of Fluid From the Cornea ," in The Transparency of the Cornea , Oxford: Blackwell, 1960, pp 73-86. 8. Pau, H.: Beitrag zur Physiology und Pathologie der Hornhaut , Arch Ophthal 154:579-602, 1953. 9. Dohlman, C.H., and Anseth, A.: The Swelling Pressure of the Ox Corneal Stroma , Acta Ophthal 35:73-84, 1957. 10. Harris, J.E.: Factors Influencing Corneal Hydration , Invest Ophthal 1:151-157, 1962. 11. Hedbys, B.O., and Dohlman, C.H.: A New Method for the Determination of the Swelling Pressure of the Corneal Stroma in Vitro , Exp Eye Res 2:122-129, 1963.Crossref 12. Hedbys, B.O.; Mishima, S.; and Maurice, D.: The Imbibition Pressure of the Corneal Stroma , Exp Eye Res 2:99-111, 1963.Crossref 13. Pollack, I.P.: Corneal Hydration Studied in Stromal Segments Deparated by Interlameller Discs , Invest Ophthal 1:661-665, 1962. 14. Langham, M.E.: The Interrelationship of Metabolism and Deturgescence of the Living Cornea , Invest Ophthal 1:187-194, 1962. 15. Hedbys, B.O., and Mishima, S.: Flow of Water in the Corneal Stroma , Exp Eye Res 1:262-275, 1962.Crossref 16. Mishima, S., and Maurice, D.M.: The Oily Layer of the Tear Film and Evaporation From the Corneal Surface , Exp Eye Res 1:39-45, 1961.Crossref 17. Mishima, S., and Maurice, D.M.: The Effect of Normal Evaporation on the Eye , Exp Eye Res 1:46-52, 1961.Crossref 18. Dohlman, D.; Brown, S.I.; and Martola, E.L.: Artificial Corneal Endothelium , Arch Ophthal 75:453-454, 1966.Crossref 19. Maumenee, A.E.: The Influence of Donor-Recipient Sensitization on Corneal Grafts , Amer J Ophthal 34 ( (part 2) ):142-152, 1951. 20. Harris, J.E., and Gruber, L.: The Hydration of the Cornea: III. The Influence of the Epithelium , Amer J Ophthal 42 ( (part 2) ):330-337, 1956. 21. Donn, A.; Maurice, D.M.; and Mills, N.L.: Studies on the Living Cornea in Vitro: II. The Active Transport of Sodium Across the Epithelium , Arch Ophthal 62:748-757, 1959.Crossref 22. Kaye, G.I.; Cole, J.D.; and Donn, A.: Electron Microscopy: Sodium Localization in Normal and Ouabain-Treated Transporting Cells , Science 150:1167-1168, 1965.Crossref 23. Donn, A.: Annual Review: Cornea and Sclera , Arch Ophthal 75:261-288, 1966.Crossref 24. Lambert, B., and Donn, A.: Effect of Ouabain on Active Transport of Sodium in the Cornea , Arch Ophthal 72:525-528, 1964.Crossref 25. Brown, S.I., and Hedbys, B.O.: The Effect of Ouabain on the Hydration of the Cornea , Invest Ophthal 4:216-221, 1965. 26. Langham, M.E., and Kostelnik, M.: The Effect of Ouabain on the Hydration and the Adenosine Triphosphatase Activity of the Cornea , J Pharmacol Exp Ther 150:398-405, 1965. 27. Bonting, S.J.: Na-K Activated Adenosine Triphosphatase and Active Cation Transport in the Lens , in Symposium on the Lens , Harris, J.E. (ed.), St. Louis: C. V. Mosby, Co., 1965, pp 347-362. 28. Donn, A., et al: Pinocytosis in the Rabbit Corneal Endothelium , Arch Ophthal 66:835-846, 1961.Crossref 29. Kaye, G.I., and Pappas, G.D.: Studies on the Cornea: The Fine Structure of the Rabbit Cornea and the Uptake and Transport of Colloidal Particles by the Cornea in Vivo , J Cell Biol 12:457-479, 1962.Crossref 30. Kaye, G.I., et al: Studies on the Cornea: The Uptake and Transport of Colloidal Particles in the Living Rabbit Cornea in Vitro , J Cell Biol 12:481-501, 1962.Crossref 31. Kaye, G.I., and Donn, A.: Studies on the Cornea: IV. Some Effects of Ouabain on Pinocytosis and Stromal Thickness in the Rabbit Cornea , Invest Ophthal 4:844-852, 1965.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1967

References