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Criteria Distinguishing Parents of Schizophrenic and Normal Children: An Initial Study with the Interpersonal Diagnostic System

Criteria Distinguishing Parents of Schizophrenic and Normal Children: An Initial Study with the... Abstract Introduction The study reported here is one of several attempting to differentiate between families having a mentally ill member and those that do not.In this study my colleagues and I have evaluated some perceptions, attitudes, and values of experimental and control subjects without reference to genetic and circumstantial contributes. The largely experimental data derived by the Interpersonal Diagnostic System of Leary,1 describing personalities of parents of schizophrenic children, were compared with data describing parents of adequately functioning children of approximately the same age and religious and socioeconomic background. Material 1. Patient-Parent Group.— This consisted of five marital couples, having at least one schizophrenic child, the children ranging in age from 5 to 9 years. Careful physical, neurological, and laboratory examinations did not reveal evidences of specific organic disease. Psychological testing of these parents provided diagnoses ranging from mild personality trait disturbances to neurosis or latent schizophrenia. The parents References 1. For men: Cards 1, 2, 3bm, 4, 6bm, 6gf, 7bm, 12m, 13mf, and 18bm. For women: Cards 1, 2, 3gf, 4, 6bm, 6gf, 7gf, 12m, 13mf, and 18gf. 2. Leary, T.: Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality , New York, The Ronald Press Company, 1956. 3. Leary,1 p. 64. 4. Leary,1 p. 66. 5. Leary,1 p. 257. 6. Wilcoxon, F.: Some Rapid Approximate Statistical Procedures , New York, American Cyanamid Company, 1949. 7. Tietze, T.: A Study of Mothers of Schizophrenic Patients , Psychiatry 12:55, 1949. 8. Lidz, R. W., and Lidz, T.: The Family Environment of Schizophrenic Patients , Am. J. Psychiat. 106:332, 1949. 9. Gerard, D. L., and Siegal, J.: The Family Background of Schizophrenia , Psychiat. Quart. 24:47-73, 1950.Crossref 10. Mark, J. C.: The Attitudes of Mothers of Male Schizophrenics Toward Child Behaviour , J. Abnorm. & Social Psychol. 48:185, 1953. 11. Bateson, G.; Jackson, D. D.; Haley, J., and Weakland, J.: Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia , Behavioural Sc. 1:251-264, 1956. 12. Rank, B.: Intensive Study and Treatment of Preschool Children Who Show Marked Personality Deviations or "Atypical Development," and Their Parents , in Emotional Problems of Early Childhood , edited by G. Kaplan, New York, Basic Books, Inc., 1955, p. 493. 13. Horney, K.: Neurosis and Human Growth , New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1950. 14. Arieti, S.: What is Effective in the Therapeutic Process? A Round Table Discussion , Am. J. Psychoanalysis 17:32, 1957. 15. Kubie, L. S.: The Fundamental Nature of the Distinction Between Normality and Neurosis , Psychoanalyt Quart. 23:167-203, 1954. 16. Hillson, J. S.; and Worchel, P.: Self Concept and Defensive Behaviour in the Maladjusted , J. Consult. Psychol. 21:83-88, 1957. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

Criteria Distinguishing Parents of Schizophrenic and Normal Children: An Initial Study with the Interpersonal Diagnostic System

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1958 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-6886
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1958.02340020097019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Introduction The study reported here is one of several attempting to differentiate between families having a mentally ill member and those that do not.In this study my colleagues and I have evaluated some perceptions, attitudes, and values of experimental and control subjects without reference to genetic and circumstantial contributes. The largely experimental data derived by the Interpersonal Diagnostic System of Leary,1 describing personalities of parents of schizophrenic children, were compared with data describing parents of adequately functioning children of approximately the same age and religious and socioeconomic background. Material 1. Patient-Parent Group.— This consisted of five marital couples, having at least one schizophrenic child, the children ranging in age from 5 to 9 years. Careful physical, neurological, and laboratory examinations did not reveal evidences of specific organic disease. Psychological testing of these parents provided diagnoses ranging from mild personality trait disturbances to neurosis or latent schizophrenia. The parents References 1. For men: Cards 1, 2, 3bm, 4, 6bm, 6gf, 7bm, 12m, 13mf, and 18bm. For women: Cards 1, 2, 3gf, 4, 6bm, 6gf, 7gf, 12m, 13mf, and 18gf. 2. Leary, T.: Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality , New York, The Ronald Press Company, 1956. 3. Leary,1 p. 64. 4. Leary,1 p. 66. 5. Leary,1 p. 257. 6. Wilcoxon, F.: Some Rapid Approximate Statistical Procedures , New York, American Cyanamid Company, 1949. 7. Tietze, T.: A Study of Mothers of Schizophrenic Patients , Psychiatry 12:55, 1949. 8. Lidz, R. W., and Lidz, T.: The Family Environment of Schizophrenic Patients , Am. J. Psychiat. 106:332, 1949. 9. Gerard, D. L., and Siegal, J.: The Family Background of Schizophrenia , Psychiat. Quart. 24:47-73, 1950.Crossref 10. Mark, J. C.: The Attitudes of Mothers of Male Schizophrenics Toward Child Behaviour , J. Abnorm. & Social Psychol. 48:185, 1953. 11. Bateson, G.; Jackson, D. D.; Haley, J., and Weakland, J.: Toward a Theory of Schizophrenia , Behavioural Sc. 1:251-264, 1956. 12. Rank, B.: Intensive Study and Treatment of Preschool Children Who Show Marked Personality Deviations or "Atypical Development," and Their Parents , in Emotional Problems of Early Childhood , edited by G. Kaplan, New York, Basic Books, Inc., 1955, p. 493. 13. Horney, K.: Neurosis and Human Growth , New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1950. 14. Arieti, S.: What is Effective in the Therapeutic Process? A Round Table Discussion , Am. J. Psychoanalysis 17:32, 1957. 15. Kubie, L. S.: The Fundamental Nature of the Distinction Between Normality and Neurosis , Psychoanalyt Quart. 23:167-203, 1954. 16. Hillson, J. S.; and Worchel, P.: Self Concept and Defensive Behaviour in the Maladjusted , J. Consult. Psychol. 21:83-88, 1957.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1958

References