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CORNEAL DYSTROPHY IN THREE GENERATIONS: WITH A GENEALOGICAL CHART

CORNEAL DYSTROPHY IN THREE GENERATIONS: WITH A GENEALOGICAL CHART Abstract In 1890 Groenouw1 described a slowly progressive degeneration of the cornea consisting of numerous small rounded grayish nonconfluent opacities in an otherwise clear cornea. In 1898 he described the anatomic findings, stating that the condition is a subepithelial degeneration, and in 1917 he reported a series of cases in three generations of a family. Finally, in 1933, he read a paper on a nodular type of corneal dystrophy transmitted through four generations and noted that he had personally examined all four generations of the same family. Since Groenouw's first description of this disease there have appeared in the literature from time to time reports of other conditions of a similar nature but described under a variety of names, such as corneal nodular opacity, corneal nodular degeneration, familial corneal degeneration, nodular keratitis, lattice-shaped keratitis, hereditary ocular degeneration and reticular keratitis. In reviewing the literature one is impressed with the References 1. Groenouw, A.: Arch. f. Augenh. 21:281, 1890 2. Arch. f. Ophth. 46:85, 1898 3. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 58:411, 1917 4. 90:577 (May) 1933. 5. Fuchs, E.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , ed. 8, translated by A. Duane, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1924, p. 588. 6. Fuchs, E.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , translated by E. V. L. Brown, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1932, p. 212. 7. de Schweinitz, G. E.: Diseases of the Eye , ed. 10, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1924. 8. Ball, J. M.: Diseases of the Eye , Philadelphia, F. A. Davis Company, 1926, vol. 2, p. 492. 9. Collins, E. T.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 22:148, 1902. 10. Footnote 5, p. 97. 11. Haab, O.: Die Buchstabenkeratitis , Beitr. z. Augenh. 10:1, 1916 12. Die gitterige Keratitis , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 2:235, 1899. 13. Dimmer, F.: Ueber oberflächliche gitterige Hornhauttrübung , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 2:353, 1899. 14. Parsons, J. H.: Diseases of the Eye , ed. 7, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1934, p. 237. 15. Hine, M. L.: Familial Nodular and Reticular Keratitis , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. (Sect. Ophth.) 16:43, 1923. 16. Wirth, M.: Nodular Corneal Opacity , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 58:106, 1925. 17. Adrogué, E.: Lattice-Like Degeneration of the Cornea , Rev. Soc. argent. de oftal. de Argentina 1:32, 1925. 18. Fuchs, A.: Lattice-Like Corneal Degeneration , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 57:159, 1925. 19. Kraupa, E.: Familial Cellular Ichthyotic and Neurotic Dystrophy of the Cornea , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 73:229, 1924. 20. Kraupa, E.: Die familiären degenerativen Hornhautveränderungen im System der sogenannten Dystrophien der Hornhaut , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:396, 1923. 21. Löwenstein, A.: Zur Klinik, Histologie und Therapie der gitterförmigen Hornhautdegeneration , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:396, 1929. 22. Koby, F.: Slit-Lamp Microscopy of the Living Eye , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1925, p. 103. 23. Stanka, R.: Familiäre gitterige Hornhautdegeneration , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 74:357, 1925. 24. Paderstein, R.: Bemerkungen zu Wehrli's Kritik meines Falles ven knötchenförmiger Hornhautdegeneration , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 47:604, 1909. 25. Ladekarl, P. M.: Acta ophth. 8:212, 1930. 26. Freudenthal, E.: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 78:224 ( (Sept.) ) 1932. 27. Chou, C. H.: Chinese M. J. 46:777 ( (Aug.) ) 1932. 28. Chevallereau: Nodular Keratitis , Bull. Soc. d'opht. de Paris , 1926, p. 119. 29. Evans, J. J.: Familial Nodular Degeneration of the Cornea , Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 50:587, 1930. 30. Chance, B.: Degeneration of the Cornea of a Man and His Son , Am. J. Ophth. 30:193, 1913. 31. Frykholm, R.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 94:76 ( (Jan.) ) 1935. 32. Srinivasan, E. V.: A Family of Groenouw's Dystrophy , Brit. J. Ophth. 16:296, 1932.Crossref 33. Hager, Lotte: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 91:593 ( (Nov.) ) 1933. 34. Judd, J. H.: Am. J. Ophth. 16:310 ( (April) ) 1933. 35. Pillat, A.: Ueber gitterige und andere Formen degenerativen Hornhauterkrankungen , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 69:682, 1922. 36. Brav, Aaron: Familial Nodular Degeneration of the Cornea , Arch. Ophth. 14:985 ( (Dec.) ) 1935.Crossref 37. Shapira, T. M.: Lattice Type of Corneal Dystrophy , Arch. Ophth. 14:387 ( (Sept.) ) 1935.Crossref 38. Fuchs, E.: Arch. f. Ophth. 89:337, 1915. 39. Collins, E. T.: Hereditary Ocular Degeneration , Tr. Internat. Cong. Ophth. 1:103, 1922. 40. Wehrli, E.: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 13:322, 1905. 41. Green, J.: Nodular Opacity of the Cornea, with Special Reference to Its Etiology , J. A. M. A. 53:920 ( (Sept. 18) ) 1909.Crossref 42. Chance, B.: Nodular Degeneration of the Cornea , Tr. Coll. Physicians Philadelphia 39:342, 1917. 43. Roy, D.: Report of Six Cases of Degeneration of the Cornea in Same Family , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 13:101, 1912. 44. Goar, E. L.: Nodular Opacity of the Cornea , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 28:91, 1930. 45. Weeks, J. E.: Familial Nodular Keratitis , Arch. Ophth. 42:179, 1913. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Ophthalmology American Medical Association

CORNEAL DYSTROPHY IN THREE GENERATIONS: WITH A GENEALOGICAL CHART

Archives of Ophthalmology , Volume 16 (2) – Aug 1, 1936

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1936 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9950
eISSN
1538-3687
DOI
10.1001/archopht.1936.00840200095011
Publisher site
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Abstract

Abstract In 1890 Groenouw1 described a slowly progressive degeneration of the cornea consisting of numerous small rounded grayish nonconfluent opacities in an otherwise clear cornea. In 1898 he described the anatomic findings, stating that the condition is a subepithelial degeneration, and in 1917 he reported a series of cases in three generations of a family. Finally, in 1933, he read a paper on a nodular type of corneal dystrophy transmitted through four generations and noted that he had personally examined all four generations of the same family. Since Groenouw's first description of this disease there have appeared in the literature from time to time reports of other conditions of a similar nature but described under a variety of names, such as corneal nodular opacity, corneal nodular degeneration, familial corneal degeneration, nodular keratitis, lattice-shaped keratitis, hereditary ocular degeneration and reticular keratitis. In reviewing the literature one is impressed with the References 1. Groenouw, A.: Arch. f. Augenh. 21:281, 1890 2. Arch. f. Ophth. 46:85, 1898 3. Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 58:411, 1917 4. 90:577 (May) 1933. 5. Fuchs, E.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , ed. 8, translated by A. Duane, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1924, p. 588. 6. Fuchs, E.: Text-Book of Ophthalmology , translated by E. V. L. Brown, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1932, p. 212. 7. de Schweinitz, G. E.: Diseases of the Eye , ed. 10, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1924. 8. Ball, J. M.: Diseases of the Eye , Philadelphia, F. A. Davis Company, 1926, vol. 2, p. 492. 9. Collins, E. T.: Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 22:148, 1902. 10. Footnote 5, p. 97. 11. Haab, O.: Die Buchstabenkeratitis , Beitr. z. Augenh. 10:1, 1916 12. Die gitterige Keratitis , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 2:235, 1899. 13. Dimmer, F.: Ueber oberflächliche gitterige Hornhauttrübung , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 2:353, 1899. 14. Parsons, J. H.: Diseases of the Eye , ed. 7, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1934, p. 237. 15. Hine, M. L.: Familial Nodular and Reticular Keratitis , Proc. Roy. Soc. Med. (Sect. Ophth.) 16:43, 1923. 16. Wirth, M.: Nodular Corneal Opacity , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 58:106, 1925. 17. Adrogué, E.: Lattice-Like Degeneration of the Cornea , Rev. Soc. argent. de oftal. de Argentina 1:32, 1925. 18. Fuchs, A.: Lattice-Like Corneal Degeneration , Ztschr. f. Augenh. 57:159, 1925. 19. Kraupa, E.: Familial Cellular Ichthyotic and Neurotic Dystrophy of the Cornea , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 73:229, 1924. 20. Kraupa, E.: Die familiären degenerativen Hornhautveränderungen im System der sogenannten Dystrophien der Hornhaut , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:396, 1923. 21. Löwenstein, A.: Zur Klinik, Histologie und Therapie der gitterförmigen Hornhautdegeneration , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 70:396, 1929. 22. Koby, F.: Slit-Lamp Microscopy of the Living Eye , Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1925, p. 103. 23. Stanka, R.: Familiäre gitterige Hornhautdegeneration , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 74:357, 1925. 24. Paderstein, R.: Bemerkungen zu Wehrli's Kritik meines Falles ven knötchenförmiger Hornhautdegeneration , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 47:604, 1909. 25. Ladekarl, P. M.: Acta ophth. 8:212, 1930. 26. Freudenthal, E.: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 78:224 ( (Sept.) ) 1932. 27. Chou, C. H.: Chinese M. J. 46:777 ( (Aug.) ) 1932. 28. Chevallereau: Nodular Keratitis , Bull. Soc. d'opht. de Paris , 1926, p. 119. 29. Evans, J. J.: Familial Nodular Degeneration of the Cornea , Tr. Ophth. Soc. U. Kingdom 50:587, 1930. 30. Chance, B.: Degeneration of the Cornea of a Man and His Son , Am. J. Ophth. 30:193, 1913. 31. Frykholm, R.: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 94:76 ( (Jan.) ) 1935. 32. Srinivasan, E. V.: A Family of Groenouw's Dystrophy , Brit. J. Ophth. 16:296, 1932.Crossref 33. Hager, Lotte: Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 91:593 ( (Nov.) ) 1933. 34. Judd, J. H.: Am. J. Ophth. 16:310 ( (April) ) 1933. 35. Pillat, A.: Ueber gitterige und andere Formen degenerativen Hornhauterkrankungen , Klin. Monatsbl. f. Augenh. 69:682, 1922. 36. Brav, Aaron: Familial Nodular Degeneration of the Cornea , Arch. Ophth. 14:985 ( (Dec.) ) 1935.Crossref 37. Shapira, T. M.: Lattice Type of Corneal Dystrophy , Arch. Ophth. 14:387 ( (Sept.) ) 1935.Crossref 38. Fuchs, E.: Arch. f. Ophth. 89:337, 1915. 39. Collins, E. T.: Hereditary Ocular Degeneration , Tr. Internat. Cong. Ophth. 1:103, 1922. 40. Wehrli, E.: Ztschr. f. Augenh. 13:322, 1905. 41. Green, J.: Nodular Opacity of the Cornea, with Special Reference to Its Etiology , J. A. M. A. 53:920 ( (Sept. 18) ) 1909.Crossref 42. Chance, B.: Nodular Degeneration of the Cornea , Tr. Coll. Physicians Philadelphia 39:342, 1917. 43. Roy, D.: Report of Six Cases of Degeneration of the Cornea in Same Family , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 13:101, 1912. 44. Goar, E. L.: Nodular Opacity of the Cornea , Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 28:91, 1930. 45. Weeks, J. E.: Familial Nodular Keratitis , Arch. Ophth. 42:179, 1913.

Journal

Archives of OphthalmologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Aug 1, 1936

References

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