Abstract Conjunctivitis is an entity often taken lightly by both the physician and the public. Many causative agents are known, and effective therapy is found for most of them. However, cases are still sometimes seen which not only appear resistant to commonly prescribed therapeutic measures but may have the additional danger that they are caused by easily transmissible pathogenic agents, leading to epidemic outbreaks. Such types of conjunctivitis may be responsible for considerable morbidity and loss of time from schools, offices, and factories. Virus agents are notably difficult to isolate and identify, and only a few are known to respond to present antibiotic and chemotherapeutic agents. In recent years references have been made to conjunctivitis appearing in epidemic form with characteristics suggestive of a viral origin but not fitting into classifications of known virus conjunctivitides. Association with swimming pools or dissemination attributed to ophthalmologists' instruments have in the past been References 1. References 4 and 5. 2. References 3 and 9. 3. Parrott, R. H.; Rowe, W. P.; Huebner, R. J.; Bernton, H. W., and McCullough, N. M.: Outbreak of Febrile Pharyngitis and Conjunctivitis Associated with Type 3 Adenoidal-PharyngealConjunctival Virus Infection , New England J. Med. 251:1087-1090 ( (Dec. 30) ) 1954.Crossref 4. Huebner, R. J.; Rowe, W. P.; Ward, T. G.; Parrott, R. H., and Bell, J. A.: Adenoidal-Pharyngeal-Conjunctival Agents: Newly Recognized Group of Common Viruses of the Respiratory System , New England J. Med. 251:1077-1086 ( (Dec. 30) ) 1954.Crossref 5. Bell, J. A.; Rowe, W. P.; Engler, J. I.; Parrott, R. H., and Huebner, R. J.: Pharyngoconjunctival Fever: Epidemiological Studies of a Recently Recognized Disease Entity , J. A. M. A. 157:1083-1092 ( (March 26) ) 1955.Crossref 6. Cockburn, T. A.; Nitowsky, H.; Robison, T., and Cheever, F. S.: Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis: A Study of a Small Epidemic , Am. J. Ophth. 36:1367-1372 ( (Oct.) ) 1953. 7. Cockburn, T. A.: An Epidemic of Conjunctivitis in Colorado, Associated with Pharyngitis, Muscle Pain and Pyrexia , Am. J. Ophth. 36:1534-1539 ( (Nov.) ) 1953. 8. Rowe, W. P., and others: Isolation of Cytopathogenic Agent from Human Adenoids Undergoing Spontaneous Degeneration in Tissue Culture , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 84:570-573 ( (Dec.) ) 1953. 9. Hilleman, M. R., and Werner, J. H.: Recovery of New Agent from Patients with Acute Respiratory Illness , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 85:183-188 ( (Jan.) ) 1954. 10. Rowe, W. P.; Huebner, R. J.; Hartley, J. W.; Ward, T. G., and Parrott, R. H.: Studies of Adenoidal - Pharyngeal - Conjunctival (ABC) Group of Viruses , Am. J. Hyg. 61:197-218 ( (March) ) 1955. 11. New Type of Virus Conjunctivitis Described , Sight-Saving Rev. 24:216, (Winter) , 1954. 12. Derrick, E. H.: Swimming-Bath Conjunctivitis, with Report of 3 Probable Cases and Note on Its Epidemiology , M. J. Australia 2:334-336 ( (Oct. 23) ) 1943. 13. Neva, F. A., and Enders, J. F.: Isolation of a Cytopathogenic Agent from an Infant with a Disease Resembling Roseola Infantum , J. Immunol. 72:315-321 ( (April) ) 1954.
A.M.A. Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Aug 1, 1955
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