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Comparison of Human Rotavirus Disease in Tropical and Temperate Settings

Comparison of Human Rotavirus Disease in Tropical and Temperate Settings Abstract • Human rotaviruses (HRV) are a common cause of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis in pediatric patients. A prospective study of HRV disease in a temperate (Dallas) and a tropical (San Jose, Costa Rica) setting demonstrated differences in seasonal distribution. In both locales, HRV accounted for 50% to 60% of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis episodes from December through February; this period corresponded to the cooler months of winter in Dallas and to the dry season in San Jose. During the rest of the observation year, the virus was not recovered from any Dallas patients, but was found in 30% to 40% of Costa Rican patients in every month but May. Signs, symptoms, and laboratory values suggest the small bowel as the major site of pathophysiology; mucosal disruption may occur in some cases. (Am J Dis Child 132:853-858, 1978) References 1. Almeida JD: Visualization of fecal viruses . N Engl J Med 292:1403-1405, 1975.Crossref 2. Goodall JF: The winter vomiting disease: A report from general practice . Br Med J 1:197-198, 1954.Crossref 3. Miller R, Raven M: Epidemic nausea and vomiting . Br Med J 2:1242-1244, 1936.Crossref 4. Bishop RF, Davidson GP, Holmes IH, et al: Virus particles in epithelial cells of duodenal mucosa from children with acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis . Lancet 2:1281-1283, 1973.Crossref 5. Hodes HL: American pediatric society presidential address . Pediatr Res 10:201-204, 1976.Crossref 6. Rotaviruses of man and animals , editorial. Lancet 1:257-258, 1975. 7. Flewett TH, Bryden AS, Davies H, et al: Relation between viruses from acute gastroenteritis of children and newborn calves . Lancet 2:61-63, 1974.Crossref 8. Davidson GP, Bishop RB, Townley RRW, et al: Importance of a new virus in acute sporadic enteritis in children . Lancet 1:242-246, 1975.Crossref 9. Bryden AS, Davies HA, Hadley RE, et al: Rotavirus enteritis in the West Midlands during 1974 . Lancet 2:241-243, 1975.Crossref 10. Ryder RW, Sack DA, Kapikian AZ, et al: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and reovirus-like agent in rural Bangladesh . Lancet 1:659-662, 1976.Crossref 11. Kapikian AZ, Kim HW, Wyatt RG, et al: Human reovirus-like agent as the major pathogen associated with "winter" gastroenteritis in hospitalized infants and young children . N Engl J Med 294:965-972, 1976.Crossref 12. Conklin RH, DuPont HL, Goldschmidt MC, et al: Occurrence of "viral particles " in diarrhea: Houston, Texas, and Guatemala. N Engl J Med 292:644-645, 1975. 13. Maiya PP, Pereira SM, Mathan M, et al: Aetiology of acute gastroenteritis in infancy and early childhood in southern India . Arch Dis Child 52:482-485, 1977.Crossref 14. Harris JC, DuPont HL, Hornick RB: Fecal leukocytes in diarrheal illness . Ann Intern Med 76:697-703, 1972.Crossref 15. Flewett TH, Bryden AS, Davies H: Diagnostic electron microscopy of faeces: I. The viral flora of the faeces as seen by electron microscopy . J Clin Pathol 27:603-614, 1974.Crossref 16. Smith KO: Identification of viruses by electron microscopy , in Busch H (ed): Methods in Cancer Research . New York, Academic Press Inc, 1967, pp 545-573. 17. Kapikian AZ, Cline WL, Mebus CA, et al: New complement-fixation test for the human reovirus-like agent of infantile gastroenteritis . Lancet 1:1056-1061, 1975.Crossref 18. Mata L, Lizano C, Hernandez F, et al: Agentse infecciosos en la diarrea del nino hospitalizado en Costa Rica . Bol Med Hosp Infant 34:955-969, 1977. 19. Nelson JD: Duration of neomycin therapy for enteropathogenic Escherichia coli diarrheal disease: A comparative study of 113 cases . Pediatrics 48:248-258, 1971. 20. Yow MD, Melnick JL, Blattner RJ, et al: The association of viruses and bacteria with infantile diarrhea . Am J Epidemiol 92:33-39, 1970. 21. Yow MD, Melnick JL, Blattner RJ, et al: Enteroviruses in infantile diarrhea . Am J Hyg 77:283-292, 1963. 22. Ramos-Alvarez M, Olarte J: Diarrheal diseases of children: The occurrence of enteropathogenic viruses and bacteria . Am J Dis Child 107:218-231, 1964.Crossref 23. Moffet HL, Shulenberger HK, Burkholder ER: Epidemiology and etiology of severe infantile diarrhea . J Pediatr 72:1-14, 1968.Crossref 24. Grady GF, Keusch GT: Pathogenesis of bacterial diarrheas . N Engl J Med 285:831-900, 1971.Crossref 25. Rudoy RC, Nelson JD: Enteroinvasive and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Occurrence in acute diarrhea of infants and children . Am J Dis Child 129:668-672, 1975.Crossref 26. Blacklow NR, Dolin R, Fedson DS, et al: Acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis: Etiology and pathogenesis . Ann Intern Med 76:993-1008, 1972.Crossref 27. Kapikian AZ, Wyatt RG, Dolin R, et al: Visualization by immune electron microscopy of a 27 nm particle associated with acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis . J Virol 10:1075-1081, 1972. 28. Madeley CR, Cosgrove BP: Caliciviruses in man . Lancet 1:199-200, 1976.Crossref 29. Paver WK, Caul EO, Ashley CR, et al: A small virus in human faeces . Lancet 1:237-239, 1973.Crossref 30. Mathan M, Mathan VI, Swaminathan SP, et al: Pleomorphic virus-like particles in human faeces . Lancet 1:1068-1069, 1975.Crossref 31. Caul EO, Paver WK, Clarke SKR: Coronavirus particles in faeces from patients with gastroenteritis . Lancet 1:1192, 1975.Crossref 32. Appleton H, Higgins PG: Viruses and gastroenteritis in infants . Lancet 2:1297, 1975.Crossref 33. Madeley CR, Cosgrove BP: Viruses in infantile gastroenteritis . Lancet 2:124, 1975.Crossref 34. Tompkins AM, Wright SG, Bird RG, et al: Virus-like particles in jejunal mucosa . Lancet 2:36-37, 1975.Crossref 35. Wyn-Jones AP: Virus-associated gastroenteritis in children . Lancet 2:559, 1975.Crossref 36. Madeley CR, Cosgrove BP: 28 nm particles in faeces in infantile gastroenteritis . Lancet 2:451-452, 1975.Crossref 37. Middleton PJ, Szymanski MT, Petric M: Viruses associated with acute gastroenteritis in young children . Am J Dis Child 131:733-737, 1977. 38. Gomez-Baretto J, Palmer E, Hatch M, et al: Occurrence of "viral particles " in diarrhea: Atlanta, Georgia. N Engl J Med 292:1297, 1975. 39. Konno T, Suzuki H, Ishida N: Reovirus-like agent in Japanese infants with gastroenteritis . Lancet 1:918-919, 1975.Crossref 40. Schoub BD, Koornhof HJ, Lecatas G, et al: Viruses in acute summer gastroenteritis in black infants . Lancet 1:1093-1094, 1975.Crossref 41. Lombardi HG, Roseto AM, Stamboulian D, et al: Virus of infantile gastroenteritis in Argentina . Lancet 2:1311, 1975.Crossref 42. Ørstavik I, Figenschau KJ, Haug KW, et al: A reovirus-like agent (rotavirus) in gastroenteritis of children: Virus detection and serological studies . Scand J Infect Dis 8:1-5, 1976. 43. Banatvala JE, Totterdell B, Chrystie IL, et al: In-vitro detection of human rotaviruses . Lancet 2:821, 1975.Crossref 44. Torres-Medina A, Wyatt RG, Mebus CA, et al: Diarrhea caused in gnotobiotic piglets by the reovirus-like agent of human infantile gastroenteritis . J Infect Dis 133:22-27, 1976.Crossref 45. Wyatt RG, Gill VW, Sereno MM, et al: Probable in-vitro cultivation of human reovirus-like agent of infantile diarrhea . Lancet 1:98-99, 1976.Crossref 46. Albrey MB, Murphy AM: Rotavirus growth in bovine monolayers . Lancet 1:753, 1976.Crossref 47. Wyatt RG, Kapikian AZ, Thornhill TS, et al: In vitro cultivation in human fecal intestinal organ culture of a reovirus-like agent associated with nonbacterial gastroenteritis in infants and children . J Infect Dis 130:523-528, 1974.Crossref 48. Ryder RW, McGowan JE, Hatch MH, et al: Reovirus-like agent as a cause of nosocomial diarrhea in infants . J Pediatr 90:698-702, 1977.Crossref 49. Flewett TH, Bryden AS, Davies H: Epidemic viral enteritis in a long-stay children's ward . Lancet 1:4-5, 1975.Crossref 50. Rodriguez WJ, Kim HW, Arrobio JO, et al: Clinical features of acute gastroenteritis associated with human reovirus-like agent in infants and young children . J Pediatr 91:188-193, 1977.Crossref 51. Krugman S, Ward R, Katz SL (eds): Infectious Diseases of Children , ed 6. St Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1977, p 73. 52. Middleton PJ, Szymanski MT, Abbott GD, et al: Orbivirus acute gastroenteritis of infancy . Lancet 2:1241-1244, 1974.Crossref 53. Schreiber DS, Trier JS, Blacklow NR: Recent advances in viral gastroenteritis . Gastroenterology 73:174-183, 1977. 54. Mavromichalis J, Evans N, McNeish AS, et al: Intestinal damage in rotavirus and adenovirus gastroenteritis assessed by D-xylose malabsorption . Arch Dis Child 52:589-591, 1977.Crossref 55. Schreiber DS, Blacklow NR, Trier JS: The mucosal lesion of the proximal small intestine in acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis . N Engl J Med 288:1318-1323, 1973.Crossref 56. Kelly M, Butler DG, Hamilton JR: Transmissible gastroenteritis in piglets: A model of infantile viral diarrhea . J Pediatr 80:925-931, 1972.Crossref 57. Banfield WG, Kasnic G, Blackwell JH: Further observations on the virus of epizootic diarrhea of infant mice: An electron microscopic study . Virology 36:411-421, 1968.Crossref 58. Von Bonsdorff CH, Hovi T, Makela P, et al: Rotavirus associated with acute gastroenteritis in adults . Lancet 2:423, 1976.Crossref 59. Meurman OH, Laine MJ: Rotavirus epidemic in adults . N Engl J Med 296:1298-1299, 1977.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Comparison of Human Rotavirus Disease in Tropical and Temperate Settings

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1978 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1978.02120340029004
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Abstract

Abstract • Human rotaviruses (HRV) are a common cause of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis in pediatric patients. A prospective study of HRV disease in a temperate (Dallas) and a tropical (San Jose, Costa Rica) setting demonstrated differences in seasonal distribution. In both locales, HRV accounted for 50% to 60% of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis episodes from December through February; this period corresponded to the cooler months of winter in Dallas and to the dry season in San Jose. During the rest of the observation year, the virus was not recovered from any Dallas patients, but was found in 30% to 40% of Costa Rican patients in every month but May. Signs, symptoms, and laboratory values suggest the small bowel as the major site of pathophysiology; mucosal disruption may occur in some cases. (Am J Dis Child 132:853-858, 1978) References 1. Almeida JD: Visualization of fecal viruses . N Engl J Med 292:1403-1405, 1975.Crossref 2. Goodall JF: The winter vomiting disease: A report from general practice . Br Med J 1:197-198, 1954.Crossref 3. Miller R, Raven M: Epidemic nausea and vomiting . Br Med J 2:1242-1244, 1936.Crossref 4. Bishop RF, Davidson GP, Holmes IH, et al: Virus particles in epithelial cells of duodenal mucosa from children with acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis . Lancet 2:1281-1283, 1973.Crossref 5. Hodes HL: American pediatric society presidential address . Pediatr Res 10:201-204, 1976.Crossref 6. Rotaviruses of man and animals , editorial. Lancet 1:257-258, 1975. 7. Flewett TH, Bryden AS, Davies H, et al: Relation between viruses from acute gastroenteritis of children and newborn calves . Lancet 2:61-63, 1974.Crossref 8. Davidson GP, Bishop RB, Townley RRW, et al: Importance of a new virus in acute sporadic enteritis in children . Lancet 1:242-246, 1975.Crossref 9. Bryden AS, Davies HA, Hadley RE, et al: Rotavirus enteritis in the West Midlands during 1974 . Lancet 2:241-243, 1975.Crossref 10. Ryder RW, Sack DA, Kapikian AZ, et al: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and reovirus-like agent in rural Bangladesh . Lancet 1:659-662, 1976.Crossref 11. Kapikian AZ, Kim HW, Wyatt RG, et al: Human reovirus-like agent as the major pathogen associated with "winter" gastroenteritis in hospitalized infants and young children . N Engl J Med 294:965-972, 1976.Crossref 12. Conklin RH, DuPont HL, Goldschmidt MC, et al: Occurrence of "viral particles " in diarrhea: Houston, Texas, and Guatemala. N Engl J Med 292:644-645, 1975. 13. Maiya PP, Pereira SM, Mathan M, et al: Aetiology of acute gastroenteritis in infancy and early childhood in southern India . Arch Dis Child 52:482-485, 1977.Crossref 14. Harris JC, DuPont HL, Hornick RB: Fecal leukocytes in diarrheal illness . Ann Intern Med 76:697-703, 1972.Crossref 15. Flewett TH, Bryden AS, Davies H: Diagnostic electron microscopy of faeces: I. The viral flora of the faeces as seen by electron microscopy . J Clin Pathol 27:603-614, 1974.Crossref 16. Smith KO: Identification of viruses by electron microscopy , in Busch H (ed): Methods in Cancer Research . New York, Academic Press Inc, 1967, pp 545-573. 17. Kapikian AZ, Cline WL, Mebus CA, et al: New complement-fixation test for the human reovirus-like agent of infantile gastroenteritis . Lancet 1:1056-1061, 1975.Crossref 18. Mata L, Lizano C, Hernandez F, et al: Agentse infecciosos en la diarrea del nino hospitalizado en Costa Rica . Bol Med Hosp Infant 34:955-969, 1977. 19. Nelson JD: Duration of neomycin therapy for enteropathogenic Escherichia coli diarrheal disease: A comparative study of 113 cases . Pediatrics 48:248-258, 1971. 20. Yow MD, Melnick JL, Blattner RJ, et al: The association of viruses and bacteria with infantile diarrhea . Am J Epidemiol 92:33-39, 1970. 21. Yow MD, Melnick JL, Blattner RJ, et al: Enteroviruses in infantile diarrhea . Am J Hyg 77:283-292, 1963. 22. Ramos-Alvarez M, Olarte J: Diarrheal diseases of children: The occurrence of enteropathogenic viruses and bacteria . Am J Dis Child 107:218-231, 1964.Crossref 23. Moffet HL, Shulenberger HK, Burkholder ER: Epidemiology and etiology of severe infantile diarrhea . J Pediatr 72:1-14, 1968.Crossref 24. Grady GF, Keusch GT: Pathogenesis of bacterial diarrheas . N Engl J Med 285:831-900, 1971.Crossref 25. Rudoy RC, Nelson JD: Enteroinvasive and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Occurrence in acute diarrhea of infants and children . Am J Dis Child 129:668-672, 1975.Crossref 26. Blacklow NR, Dolin R, Fedson DS, et al: Acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis: Etiology and pathogenesis . Ann Intern Med 76:993-1008, 1972.Crossref 27. Kapikian AZ, Wyatt RG, Dolin R, et al: Visualization by immune electron microscopy of a 27 nm particle associated with acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis . J Virol 10:1075-1081, 1972. 28. Madeley CR, Cosgrove BP: Caliciviruses in man . Lancet 1:199-200, 1976.Crossref 29. Paver WK, Caul EO, Ashley CR, et al: A small virus in human faeces . Lancet 1:237-239, 1973.Crossref 30. Mathan M, Mathan VI, Swaminathan SP, et al: Pleomorphic virus-like particles in human faeces . Lancet 1:1068-1069, 1975.Crossref 31. Caul EO, Paver WK, Clarke SKR: Coronavirus particles in faeces from patients with gastroenteritis . Lancet 1:1192, 1975.Crossref 32. Appleton H, Higgins PG: Viruses and gastroenteritis in infants . Lancet 2:1297, 1975.Crossref 33. Madeley CR, Cosgrove BP: Viruses in infantile gastroenteritis . Lancet 2:124, 1975.Crossref 34. Tompkins AM, Wright SG, Bird RG, et al: Virus-like particles in jejunal mucosa . Lancet 2:36-37, 1975.Crossref 35. Wyn-Jones AP: Virus-associated gastroenteritis in children . Lancet 2:559, 1975.Crossref 36. Madeley CR, Cosgrove BP: 28 nm particles in faeces in infantile gastroenteritis . Lancet 2:451-452, 1975.Crossref 37. Middleton PJ, Szymanski MT, Petric M: Viruses associated with acute gastroenteritis in young children . Am J Dis Child 131:733-737, 1977. 38. Gomez-Baretto J, Palmer E, Hatch M, et al: Occurrence of "viral particles " in diarrhea: Atlanta, Georgia. N Engl J Med 292:1297, 1975. 39. Konno T, Suzuki H, Ishida N: Reovirus-like agent in Japanese infants with gastroenteritis . Lancet 1:918-919, 1975.Crossref 40. Schoub BD, Koornhof HJ, Lecatas G, et al: Viruses in acute summer gastroenteritis in black infants . Lancet 1:1093-1094, 1975.Crossref 41. Lombardi HG, Roseto AM, Stamboulian D, et al: Virus of infantile gastroenteritis in Argentina . Lancet 2:1311, 1975.Crossref 42. Ørstavik I, Figenschau KJ, Haug KW, et al: A reovirus-like agent (rotavirus) in gastroenteritis of children: Virus detection and serological studies . Scand J Infect Dis 8:1-5, 1976. 43. Banatvala JE, Totterdell B, Chrystie IL, et al: In-vitro detection of human rotaviruses . Lancet 2:821, 1975.Crossref 44. Torres-Medina A, Wyatt RG, Mebus CA, et al: Diarrhea caused in gnotobiotic piglets by the reovirus-like agent of human infantile gastroenteritis . J Infect Dis 133:22-27, 1976.Crossref 45. Wyatt RG, Gill VW, Sereno MM, et al: Probable in-vitro cultivation of human reovirus-like agent of infantile diarrhea . Lancet 1:98-99, 1976.Crossref 46. Albrey MB, Murphy AM: Rotavirus growth in bovine monolayers . Lancet 1:753, 1976.Crossref 47. Wyatt RG, Kapikian AZ, Thornhill TS, et al: In vitro cultivation in human fecal intestinal organ culture of a reovirus-like agent associated with nonbacterial gastroenteritis in infants and children . J Infect Dis 130:523-528, 1974.Crossref 48. Ryder RW, McGowan JE, Hatch MH, et al: Reovirus-like agent as a cause of nosocomial diarrhea in infants . J Pediatr 90:698-702, 1977.Crossref 49. Flewett TH, Bryden AS, Davies H: Epidemic viral enteritis in a long-stay children's ward . Lancet 1:4-5, 1975.Crossref 50. Rodriguez WJ, Kim HW, Arrobio JO, et al: Clinical features of acute gastroenteritis associated with human reovirus-like agent in infants and young children . J Pediatr 91:188-193, 1977.Crossref 51. Krugman S, Ward R, Katz SL (eds): Infectious Diseases of Children , ed 6. St Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1977, p 73. 52. Middleton PJ, Szymanski MT, Abbott GD, et al: Orbivirus acute gastroenteritis of infancy . Lancet 2:1241-1244, 1974.Crossref 53. Schreiber DS, Trier JS, Blacklow NR: Recent advances in viral gastroenteritis . Gastroenterology 73:174-183, 1977. 54. Mavromichalis J, Evans N, McNeish AS, et al: Intestinal damage in rotavirus and adenovirus gastroenteritis assessed by D-xylose malabsorption . Arch Dis Child 52:589-591, 1977.Crossref 55. Schreiber DS, Blacklow NR, Trier JS: The mucosal lesion of the proximal small intestine in acute infectious nonbacterial gastroenteritis . N Engl J Med 288:1318-1323, 1973.Crossref 56. Kelly M, Butler DG, Hamilton JR: Transmissible gastroenteritis in piglets: A model of infantile viral diarrhea . J Pediatr 80:925-931, 1972.Crossref 57. Banfield WG, Kasnic G, Blackwell JH: Further observations on the virus of epizootic diarrhea of infant mice: An electron microscopic study . Virology 36:411-421, 1968.Crossref 58. Von Bonsdorff CH, Hovi T, Makela P, et al: Rotavirus associated with acute gastroenteritis in adults . Lancet 2:423, 1976.Crossref 59. Meurman OH, Laine MJ: Rotavirus epidemic in adults . N Engl J Med 296:1298-1299, 1977.Crossref

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1978

References