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Cocaine Withdrawal

Cocaine Withdrawal Abstract To the Editor.— Gawin and Kleber1 have made an important contribution by focusing attention on the symptoms associated with cessation of cocaine use. They attempt to categorize the period of abstinence into three phases, which they termed the crash, withdrawal, and extinction phases. While noting that other authors have described and identified the crash phase as withdrawal, the authors go on to make a distinction between their crash (or first) phase, when the user becomes more interested in sleep than in obtaining cocaine, and their withdrawal (second) phase, when sleep has normalized and craving for cocaine reemerges. Gawin and Kleber stress the clinical importance of this withdrawal phase because it corresponds to a period of maximal relapse potential.We believe that this conceptualization of cocaine abstinence into three phases may require revision for several reasons. First, a number of methodologic problems limit the reliability and validity of the data. References 1. Gawin FH, Kleber HD: Abstinence symptomatology and psychiatric diagnosis in cocaine abusers: Clinical observations . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1986;43:107-113.Crossref 2. Gawin FH, Kleber HD: Neuroendocrine findings in chronic cocaine abusers: A preliminary report . Br J Psychiatry 1985;147:569-573.Crossref 3. Work Group to Revise DSM-III: Draft: DSM-III-R in Development . Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1985, p 60. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of General Psychiatry American Medical Association

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1987 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-990X
eISSN
1598-3636
DOI
10.1001/archpsyc.1987.01800150121016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract To the Editor.— Gawin and Kleber1 have made an important contribution by focusing attention on the symptoms associated with cessation of cocaine use. They attempt to categorize the period of abstinence into three phases, which they termed the crash, withdrawal, and extinction phases. While noting that other authors have described and identified the crash phase as withdrawal, the authors go on to make a distinction between their crash (or first) phase, when the user becomes more interested in sleep than in obtaining cocaine, and their withdrawal (second) phase, when sleep has normalized and craving for cocaine reemerges. Gawin and Kleber stress the clinical importance of this withdrawal phase because it corresponds to a period of maximal relapse potential.We believe that this conceptualization of cocaine abstinence into three phases may require revision for several reasons. First, a number of methodologic problems limit the reliability and validity of the data. References 1. Gawin FH, Kleber HD: Abstinence symptomatology and psychiatric diagnosis in cocaine abusers: Clinical observations . Arch Gen Psychiatry 1986;43:107-113.Crossref 2. Gawin FH, Kleber HD: Neuroendocrine findings in chronic cocaine abusers: A preliminary report . Br J Psychiatry 1985;147:569-573.Crossref 3. Work Group to Revise DSM-III: Draft: DSM-III-R in Development . Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1985, p 60.

Journal

Archives of General PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1987

References