Key PointsQuestionWhat is the evidence for the use of clinical predictions models in diagnosing pediatric foreign body aspiration? FindingsThis systematic review and meta-analysis identified models using predictors based on clinical history, physical examination, and radiographic findings. A meta-analysis of model performance suggests that there is a potential benefit of such decision-making tools, but is overall limited because of concerns of model overfitting, inconsistent reporting of performance, and lack of model validation. MeaningCurrent prediction models for the diagnosing pediatric foreign body aspiration are at high risk of bias and are not recommended to guide clinical decision-making; thus, adherence to recognized guidelines for conducting and reporting modeling studies is recommended.
JAMA Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery – American Medical Association
Published: Sep 15, 2021