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Clinical Peritoneal Dialysis

Clinical Peritoneal Dialysis Abstract THE MODERN technique of intermittent peritoneal dialysis was described and popularized by Maxwell et al.1 It is a modification of the method described by Grollman.2,3 The commercially available plastic catheters and standardized sterile dialysis solutions make the procedure relatively simple, effective, and safe. Despite its initial use in treatment of uremia in man in 1923,4 widespread popularity of peritoneal dialysis did not occur until 1959.1 Complications such as peritonitis, leakage of dialysis solution, incomplete fluid return, shock, overhydration, and inadequate dialysis are now seldom encountered. The basis for this communication is a review of more than 130 peritoneal dialysis procedures done by the author since 1961. Indications and selected clinical examples will be presented to emphasize the value, efficiency, and safety of the method. In our experience, the Kolff twin-coil artificial kidney has proved to be rather cumbersome. It has been used sparingly in the past References 1. Maxwell, M.H., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis , JAMA 170:917, 1959.Crossref 2. Grollman, A.; Turner, L.B.; and McLean, J.A.: Intermittent Peritoneal Lavage in Nephrectomized Dogs and Its Application to Human Beings , Arch Intern Med 87:379, 1951.Crossref 3. Grollman, A.: Acute Renal Failure , Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1954. 4. Ganter, G.: Veber die Beseitigung Giftiger Stoffe aus dem Blute durch Dialyse , Munich Med Wschr 70:1478, 1923. 5. Boen, S.T.: Peritoneal Dialysis in Clinical Medicine , Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1964. 6. Burns, R.O., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis: Clinical Experience , New Eng J Med 267:1060, 1962.Crossref 7. Teschan, P.E., et al: Prophylactic Hemodialysis in Treatment of Acute Renal Failure , Ann Intern Med 53:992, 1960.Crossref 8. Parry, W.L.: Considerations of Acute Renal Failure for the Surgeon , Surg Clin N Amer 45:1365. 1965. 9. Eliahou, H.: Inorganic Phosphates in Acute Renal Failure , Amer Heart J 66:568, 1963.Crossref 10. Stevens, R.E., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis in the Management of Chronic Renal Failure , JAMA 1901128, 1964. 11. Tenckhoff, H.; Shilipetar, G.; and Boen, S.T.: One Year's Experience With Home Peritoneal Dialysis , Trans Amer Soc Artif Intern Organs 11:11, 1965Crossref 12. Boen, F.T.; Mulinari, A.; and Scribner, B.H.: Periodic Peritoneal Dialysis in the Management of Chronic Uremia , Trans Amer Soc Artif Inter Organs 8:256, 1962.Crossref 13. Barry, K.G.; Shambaugh, G.E.; and Goler, D.: A New Flexible Cannula and Seal to Provide Prolonged Access to the Peritoneal Cavity for Dialysis, Drainage and Other Procedures , J Urol 90:125, 1963. 14. Lasker, N., et al: The Management of End-Stage Kidney Disease With Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis , Ann Intern Med 62:1147, 1965.Crossref 15. McDonald, H., Jr.: An Automatic Peritoneal Dialysis Machine: Preliminary Report , Trans Amer Soc Artif Intern Organs 11:83, 1965.Crossref 16. Ellis, K.G.; Lea, R.G.; and Drysdale, R.D.: Peritoneal Dialysis , Canad Med Assoc J 88:928, 1963. 17. Miller, N.L., and Finberg, L.: Peritoneal Dialysis for Salt Poisoning , New Eng J Med 263:1347, 1960.Crossref 18. Segar, W.E.: Peritoneal Dialysis in the Treatment of Boric Acid Poisoning , New Eng J Med 262: 798, 1960.Crossref 19. Stinebaugh, B.J.: The Use of Peritoneal Dialysis in Acute Methyl Alcohol Poisoning , Arch Intern Med 105:613, 1960.Crossref 20. Dyment, P.G.; Curtis, D.D.; and Gourrich, G.E.: Meprobamate Poisoning Treated by Peritoneal Dialysis , J Ped 67:124, 1965.Crossref 21. Palmer, R.A., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis in Acute and Chronic Renal Failure , Canad Med Assoc J 88:928, 1963. 22. Nienhuis, L.I.; Mulmed, E.I.; and Kelley, J.W.: Hepatic Coma: Treatment Emphasizing Merit of Peritoneal Dialysis , Amer J Surg 106:980, 1963.Crossref 23. Jones, R.C.; Strader, L.D., Jr.; and Berry, W.C.: Peritoneal Dialysis in Liver Coma , US Armed Forces Med J 10:977, 1959. 24. Burnett, W.E., et al: The Treatment of Peritonitis Using Peritoneal Lavage , Ann Surg 145:675, 1957.Crossref 25. Cohn, I., and Cotlar, A.M.: Intraperitoneal Kanamycin , Ann Surg 155:532, 1962.Crossref 26. Weston, R.E., and Roberts, M.: Clinical Use of Stylet-Catheter For Peritoneal Dialysis , Arch Intern Med 115:659, 1965.Crossref 27. Maher, J.F., and Schreiner, G.E.: Hazards and Complications of Dialysis , New Eng J Med 273:370. 1965.Crossref 28. Kennedy, A.C., et al: Pathogenesis and Cerebral Dysfunction During Dialysis , Lancet 1:790. 1964.Crossref 29. Westervelt, F.B., Jr., and Schreiner, G.E.: Carbohydrate Intolerance of Uremic Patients , Ann Intern Med 57:266, 1962.Crossref 30. Barry, K.G.; Schwartz, F.D.; and Matthews, F.E.: Further Experience With Flexible Peritoneal Cannula in Several Hospital Centers , Trans Amer Soc Artif Intern Organs 10:400, 1964. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

Clinical Peritoneal Dialysis

Archives of Surgery , Volume 93 (4) – Oct 1, 1966

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1966 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1966.01330040107020
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract THE MODERN technique of intermittent peritoneal dialysis was described and popularized by Maxwell et al.1 It is a modification of the method described by Grollman.2,3 The commercially available plastic catheters and standardized sterile dialysis solutions make the procedure relatively simple, effective, and safe. Despite its initial use in treatment of uremia in man in 1923,4 widespread popularity of peritoneal dialysis did not occur until 1959.1 Complications such as peritonitis, leakage of dialysis solution, incomplete fluid return, shock, overhydration, and inadequate dialysis are now seldom encountered. The basis for this communication is a review of more than 130 peritoneal dialysis procedures done by the author since 1961. Indications and selected clinical examples will be presented to emphasize the value, efficiency, and safety of the method. In our experience, the Kolff twin-coil artificial kidney has proved to be rather cumbersome. It has been used sparingly in the past References 1. Maxwell, M.H., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis , JAMA 170:917, 1959.Crossref 2. Grollman, A.; Turner, L.B.; and McLean, J.A.: Intermittent Peritoneal Lavage in Nephrectomized Dogs and Its Application to Human Beings , Arch Intern Med 87:379, 1951.Crossref 3. Grollman, A.: Acute Renal Failure , Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1954. 4. Ganter, G.: Veber die Beseitigung Giftiger Stoffe aus dem Blute durch Dialyse , Munich Med Wschr 70:1478, 1923. 5. Boen, S.T.: Peritoneal Dialysis in Clinical Medicine , Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, Publisher, 1964. 6. Burns, R.O., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis: Clinical Experience , New Eng J Med 267:1060, 1962.Crossref 7. Teschan, P.E., et al: Prophylactic Hemodialysis in Treatment of Acute Renal Failure , Ann Intern Med 53:992, 1960.Crossref 8. Parry, W.L.: Considerations of Acute Renal Failure for the Surgeon , Surg Clin N Amer 45:1365. 1965. 9. Eliahou, H.: Inorganic Phosphates in Acute Renal Failure , Amer Heart J 66:568, 1963.Crossref 10. Stevens, R.E., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis in the Management of Chronic Renal Failure , JAMA 1901128, 1964. 11. Tenckhoff, H.; Shilipetar, G.; and Boen, S.T.: One Year's Experience With Home Peritoneal Dialysis , Trans Amer Soc Artif Intern Organs 11:11, 1965Crossref 12. Boen, F.T.; Mulinari, A.; and Scribner, B.H.: Periodic Peritoneal Dialysis in the Management of Chronic Uremia , Trans Amer Soc Artif Inter Organs 8:256, 1962.Crossref 13. Barry, K.G.; Shambaugh, G.E.; and Goler, D.: A New Flexible Cannula and Seal to Provide Prolonged Access to the Peritoneal Cavity for Dialysis, Drainage and Other Procedures , J Urol 90:125, 1963. 14. Lasker, N., et al: The Management of End-Stage Kidney Disease With Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis , Ann Intern Med 62:1147, 1965.Crossref 15. McDonald, H., Jr.: An Automatic Peritoneal Dialysis Machine: Preliminary Report , Trans Amer Soc Artif Intern Organs 11:83, 1965.Crossref 16. Ellis, K.G.; Lea, R.G.; and Drysdale, R.D.: Peritoneal Dialysis , Canad Med Assoc J 88:928, 1963. 17. Miller, N.L., and Finberg, L.: Peritoneal Dialysis for Salt Poisoning , New Eng J Med 263:1347, 1960.Crossref 18. Segar, W.E.: Peritoneal Dialysis in the Treatment of Boric Acid Poisoning , New Eng J Med 262: 798, 1960.Crossref 19. Stinebaugh, B.J.: The Use of Peritoneal Dialysis in Acute Methyl Alcohol Poisoning , Arch Intern Med 105:613, 1960.Crossref 20. Dyment, P.G.; Curtis, D.D.; and Gourrich, G.E.: Meprobamate Poisoning Treated by Peritoneal Dialysis , J Ped 67:124, 1965.Crossref 21. Palmer, R.A., et al: Peritoneal Dialysis in Acute and Chronic Renal Failure , Canad Med Assoc J 88:928, 1963. 22. Nienhuis, L.I.; Mulmed, E.I.; and Kelley, J.W.: Hepatic Coma: Treatment Emphasizing Merit of Peritoneal Dialysis , Amer J Surg 106:980, 1963.Crossref 23. Jones, R.C.; Strader, L.D., Jr.; and Berry, W.C.: Peritoneal Dialysis in Liver Coma , US Armed Forces Med J 10:977, 1959. 24. Burnett, W.E., et al: The Treatment of Peritonitis Using Peritoneal Lavage , Ann Surg 145:675, 1957.Crossref 25. Cohn, I., and Cotlar, A.M.: Intraperitoneal Kanamycin , Ann Surg 155:532, 1962.Crossref 26. Weston, R.E., and Roberts, M.: Clinical Use of Stylet-Catheter For Peritoneal Dialysis , Arch Intern Med 115:659, 1965.Crossref 27. Maher, J.F., and Schreiner, G.E.: Hazards and Complications of Dialysis , New Eng J Med 273:370. 1965.Crossref 28. Kennedy, A.C., et al: Pathogenesis and Cerebral Dysfunction During Dialysis , Lancet 1:790. 1964.Crossref 29. Westervelt, F.B., Jr., and Schreiner, G.E.: Carbohydrate Intolerance of Uremic Patients , Ann Intern Med 57:266, 1962.Crossref 30. Barry, K.G.; Schwartz, F.D.; and Matthews, F.E.: Further Experience With Flexible Peritoneal Cannula in Several Hospital Centers , Trans Amer Soc Artif Intern Organs 10:400, 1964.

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1966

References