Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You and Your Team.

Learn More →

Clinical and Experimental Studies of the Obstetrical Palsies of Plexus Brachialis.

Clinical and Experimental Studies of the Obstetrical Palsies of Plexus Brachialis. This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Abstract After an extensive discussion of the literature on the symptomatology, etiology and pathology of birth palsies, Bentzon concludes that overstretching of the brachial plexus is the chief cause of the Duchenne-Erbs type, thereby endorsing the opinion of Clarke, Taylor and Trout. It is caused by lesions of the fifth and sixth cervical roots near the junction of these roots. The author made many anatomic and experimental studies in order to determine the reason for the peculiar distribution of the paralysis among the many muscles that are innervated by these nerves. The most constant finding is the fixation of the arm in inward rotation due to the fact that the subscapularis muscle is unaffected. It was found that the scaleni protected the proximal portions of these nerves against pressure; that traction on peripheral nerves is easily transmitted to the plexus, even to the roots; that by the use of a special http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Internal Medicine American Medical Association

Clinical and Experimental Studies of the Obstetrical Palsies of Plexus Brachialis.

Archives of Internal Medicine , Volume 35 (2) – Feb 1, 1925

Loading next page...
 
/lp/american-medical-association/clinical-and-experimental-studies-of-the-obstetrical-palsies-of-plexus-wQCI6RFjzW
Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1925 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0730-188X
DOI
10.1001/archinte.1925.00120080139012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Abstract After an extensive discussion of the literature on the symptomatology, etiology and pathology of birth palsies, Bentzon concludes that overstretching of the brachial plexus is the chief cause of the Duchenne-Erbs type, thereby endorsing the opinion of Clarke, Taylor and Trout. It is caused by lesions of the fifth and sixth cervical roots near the junction of these roots. The author made many anatomic and experimental studies in order to determine the reason for the peculiar distribution of the paralysis among the many muscles that are innervated by these nerves. The most constant finding is the fixation of the arm in inward rotation due to the fact that the subscapularis muscle is unaffected. It was found that the scaleni protected the proximal portions of these nerves against pressure; that traction on peripheral nerves is easily transmitted to the plexus, even to the roots; that by the use of a special

Journal

Archives of Internal MedicineAmerican Medical Association

Published: Feb 1, 1925

There are no references for this article.