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Chrome Dermatitis: A Study of the Chemistry of Shoe Leather with Particular Reference to Basic Chromic Sulfate

Chrome Dermatitis: A Study of the Chemistry of Shoe Leather with Particular Reference to Basic... Abstract Dermatitis from shoes may be a most disabling type of eruption, especially if the cause is not recognized. Treatment for such eruptions of the feet, when the cause is not removed, is not successful. The physician is usually able, after appropriate study and experimentation, to pinpoint the cause, remove it, and then clear the eruption. Dermatoses of the feet have been proved to be due to dyes or other chemicals in the leather,1,2 to the thermoplastic material used in the box toes of shoes,3 to rubber adhesives in shoes,4 and to the myriad other substances that go into the leather.5-9 In his attempt to elicit the cause of an eruption of the feet, however, the physician has been guided for years by certain accepted dicta: first, that the chromium which is used in tanning most hides into shoe leather cannot cause such References 1. The beam house is that part of the tannery where the green hides are hydrated, dehaired, and bated. 2. Beerman, H.: Factors Involved in Leather Dermatitis , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 29:671-686 ( (May) ) 1934. 3. Shaw, C.: Dermatitis Due to Shoes , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 49:191-193 ( (March) ) 1944. 4. Shatin, H., and Reisch, M.: Dermatitis of Feet Due to Shoes , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 69:651-666 ( (June) ) 1954. 5. Blank, I. H., and Miller, O. G.: Study of Rubber Adhesives in Shoes as Cause of Dermatitis of Feet , J. A. M. A. 149:1371-1374 ( (Aug. 9) ) 1952. 6. Niles, H. D.: Dermatitis Due to Shoe Leather , J. A. M. A. 110:363-365 ( (Jan. 29) ) 1938. 7. Lord, L. W., and Wolfe, W. D.: Dermatitis Due to Shoe Leather and to Shoe Polish , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 38:434-435 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 8. Gaul, L. E., and Underwood, G. B.: Primary Irritants and Sensitizers Used in Fabrication of Footwear , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 60:649-675 (Nov., Pt. (1) ) 1949. 9. Jordon, J. W.: Contact Dermatitis Due to Synthetic Resins in Shoe Linings , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 62:671-680 ( (Nov.) ) 1950. 10. Lewis, G. M.: Dermatitis Venenata Due to Shoe Leather: Report of 2 Cases , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 24:597-603 ( (Oct.) ) 1931. 11. Roddy, W. I., and Lollar, R. M.: Resistance of White Leather to Breakdown by Perspiration , J. Am. Leather Chemists Assoc. 50:180-192 ( (April) ) 1955. 12. Werner, A.: Neuere Anschauungen auf dem Gebiete der anorganischen Chemie , Ed. 4, Vieweg (Braunschweig) 1920 13. Schwarz, R.: The Chemistry of the Inorganic Complex Compounds— An Introduction to Werner's Co-Ordination Theory , translated by L. W. Bass, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1923 14. O'Flaherty, F.: Leather and Tanning, Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology , New York, Interscience Publishers, Inc., 1952, Vol. 8, pp. 289-310. 15. Lewis, W. K., Squires, L., and Broughton, G.: Industrial Chemistry of Colloidal and Amorphous Materials , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1942. 16. Role of the Patch Test in Contact Dermatitis, Council on Industrial Health, Committee on Occupational Dermatoses , J. A. M. A. 156:497-499 ( (Oct. 2) ) 1954. 17. Morris, G. E.: Chromate Dermatitis from Chrome Glue and Other Aspects of the Chrome Problem , A. M. A. Arch. Indust. Health 11:368-371 ( (May) ) 1955. 18. Morris, G. E.: Cross-Sensitization of the Feet and Hands Due to Chrome-Tanned Leather Shoes and Gloves , New England J. Med. 257:567 ( (Sept. 19) ) 1957. 19. Morris, G. E.: Data to be published. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology American Medical Association

Chrome Dermatitis: A Study of the Chemistry of Shoe Leather with Particular Reference to Basic Chromic Sulfate

A.M.A. Archives of Dermatology , Volume 78 (5) – Nov 1, 1958

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1958 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0096-5359
DOI
10.1001/archderm.1958.01560110058008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Dermatitis from shoes may be a most disabling type of eruption, especially if the cause is not recognized. Treatment for such eruptions of the feet, when the cause is not removed, is not successful. The physician is usually able, after appropriate study and experimentation, to pinpoint the cause, remove it, and then clear the eruption. Dermatoses of the feet have been proved to be due to dyes or other chemicals in the leather,1,2 to the thermoplastic material used in the box toes of shoes,3 to rubber adhesives in shoes,4 and to the myriad other substances that go into the leather.5-9 In his attempt to elicit the cause of an eruption of the feet, however, the physician has been guided for years by certain accepted dicta: first, that the chromium which is used in tanning most hides into shoe leather cannot cause such References 1. The beam house is that part of the tannery where the green hides are hydrated, dehaired, and bated. 2. Beerman, H.: Factors Involved in Leather Dermatitis , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 29:671-686 ( (May) ) 1934. 3. Shaw, C.: Dermatitis Due to Shoes , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 49:191-193 ( (March) ) 1944. 4. Shatin, H., and Reisch, M.: Dermatitis of Feet Due to Shoes , A. M. A. Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 69:651-666 ( (June) ) 1954. 5. Blank, I. H., and Miller, O. G.: Study of Rubber Adhesives in Shoes as Cause of Dermatitis of Feet , J. A. M. A. 149:1371-1374 ( (Aug. 9) ) 1952. 6. Niles, H. D.: Dermatitis Due to Shoe Leather , J. A. M. A. 110:363-365 ( (Jan. 29) ) 1938. 7. Lord, L. W., and Wolfe, W. D.: Dermatitis Due to Shoe Leather and to Shoe Polish , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 38:434-435 ( (Sept.) ) 1938. 8. Gaul, L. E., and Underwood, G. B.: Primary Irritants and Sensitizers Used in Fabrication of Footwear , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 60:649-675 (Nov., Pt. (1) ) 1949. 9. Jordon, J. W.: Contact Dermatitis Due to Synthetic Resins in Shoe Linings , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 62:671-680 ( (Nov.) ) 1950. 10. Lewis, G. M.: Dermatitis Venenata Due to Shoe Leather: Report of 2 Cases , Arch. Dermat. & Syph. 24:597-603 ( (Oct.) ) 1931. 11. Roddy, W. I., and Lollar, R. M.: Resistance of White Leather to Breakdown by Perspiration , J. Am. Leather Chemists Assoc. 50:180-192 ( (April) ) 1955. 12. Werner, A.: Neuere Anschauungen auf dem Gebiete der anorganischen Chemie , Ed. 4, Vieweg (Braunschweig) 1920 13. Schwarz, R.: The Chemistry of the Inorganic Complex Compounds— An Introduction to Werner's Co-Ordination Theory , translated by L. W. Bass, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1923 14. O'Flaherty, F.: Leather and Tanning, Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology , New York, Interscience Publishers, Inc., 1952, Vol. 8, pp. 289-310. 15. Lewis, W. K., Squires, L., and Broughton, G.: Industrial Chemistry of Colloidal and Amorphous Materials , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1942. 16. Role of the Patch Test in Contact Dermatitis, Council on Industrial Health, Committee on Occupational Dermatoses , J. A. M. A. 156:497-499 ( (Oct. 2) ) 1954. 17. Morris, G. E.: Chromate Dermatitis from Chrome Glue and Other Aspects of the Chrome Problem , A. M. A. Arch. Indust. Health 11:368-371 ( (May) ) 1955. 18. Morris, G. E.: Cross-Sensitization of the Feet and Hands Due to Chrome-Tanned Leather Shoes and Gloves , New England J. Med. 257:567 ( (Sept. 19) ) 1957. 19. Morris, G. E.: Data to be published.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of DermatologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Nov 1, 1958

References