Abstract During the past fifteen years many articles have been published with the object of correlating vascular lesions of the eye with diseases of the kidney and of the brain and more rarely with diseases of the heart involving the coronary arteries and associated solely with sclerosis of the choroidal vessels. Before presentation of the report of a case of choroidal sclerosis associated with coronary arteriosclerosis, several facts pertaining to this subject will be mentioned. Arteriosclerosis is a diversified condition in which whole vessels, or parts of them, may be involved, causing degenerative lesions in their surrounding tissues as well as in various organs, including the ocular structures. The cause of the uneven distribution of these lesions of the vascular walls is unknown. In arteriosclerosis the arteries, both large and small, are primarily involved, as distinguished from arteriolar sclerosis, which affects primarily the arterioles, causing essential hypertension. Chorodial sclerosis is References 1. Long, Esmond R.: The Development of Our Knowledge of Arteriosclerosis , in Cowdry, E. V.: Arteriosclerosis , New York, The Macmillan Company. 1933, p. 19. 2. Ophüls, William: The Pathogenesis of Arteriosclerosis , in Cowdry, E. V.: Arteriosclerosis , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1933, p. 249. 3. Altnow, Hugo: Changes in the Eyeground in Vascular Diseases and in Related Conditions , Arch. Int. Med. 40:757 ( (Dec.) ) 1927.Crossref 4. Yater, W. M., and Wagener, H. P.: Ophthalmoscopic Signs in Disease of the Heart , Am. J. M. Sc. 178:105, 1929.Crossref
Archives of Ophthalmology – American Medical Association
Published: Apr 1, 1938
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