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Cholecystitis Emphysematosa

Cholecystitis Emphysematosa Abstract Cholecystitis emphysematosa, sometimes called acute gaseous cholecystitis, pyopneumocholecystitis, or gas phlegmon of the gallbladder, is a rare form of acute, usually gangrenous, cholecystitis in which gas is found within the gallbladder lumen. This phenomenon was first reported as an operative finding by Lobingier1 in 1908. The first recorded preoperative roentgenogram diagnosis was made by Von Friederich2 in 1929. Since this time a few operative reports and reviews3-5 have occurred in the literature. As this phenomenon appears more commonly in diabetics, it is suggested that it will be more frequently encountered primarily associated with the aging diabetic population. The disease has been reported6 occurring between the ages of 32 and 76, but it most frequently occurs between the fifth and seventh decades and thus is a problem of a somewhat older age group than the average acute cholecystitis. The sex incidence is essentially the same as that References 1. Lobingier, A. S.: Gangrene of the Gallbladder , Ann. Surg. 48:72, 1908.Crossref 2. Culver, G. J., and Kline, R.: Acute Gaseous Cholecystitis , Radiology 50:536, 1948.Crossref 3. Wilson, W. A.: Acute Cholecystitis Due to Gas-Producing Organisms , Brit. J. Surg. 45:333, 1958.Crossref 4. Mooney, B. R., and Matzinger, K. E.: Acute Gaseous Cholecystitis , Canad. M.A.J. 66:66, 1952. 5. Strömme, A.: Emphysematous Cholecystitis , Acta radiol. 44:39, 1955.Crossref 6. Quist, C. F.: Cholecystitis Emphysematosa , Acta radiol. 35:200, 1951.Crossref 7. Byrne, J. J.: Acute Cholecystitis , Am. J. Surg. 97:156, 1959.Crossref 8. Jemerin, E. E.: Cholecystitis Emphysematosa , Surgery 25:237, 1948. 9. Branch, C. F.: The Bacteriological Study of a Group of Diseased Gall Bladders , New England J. Med. 201:308, 1929.Crossref 10. Gordon-Taylor, G., and Whitby, L. E. H.: Bacteriological Study of 50 Cases of Cholecystectomy with Special Reference to Anaerobic Infections , Brit. J. Surg. 18:78, 1930.Crossref 11. Andrews, E., and Henry, L. D.: Bacteriology of Normal and Diseased Gallbladders , Arch. Int. Med. 56:1171, 1935.Crossref 12. Thorsness, E. T.: Bacteriology of Cholecystitis , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 59:752, 1934. 13. Mason, E. C., and Hart, M. S.: Welch-like Bacillus in Human Livers , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 25:835, 1940. 14. Markowitz, J.: Editorial , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 95:644, 1952. 15. McCorkle, H., and Fonge, G.: Clinical Significance of Gas in Gallbladder , Surgery 11:851, 1942. 16. McGregor, J. K., and McKinnon, D. A.: Intestinal Interstitial Emphysema , Gastroenterology 35:206, 1958. 17. Dubos, R. J., Editor: Bacterial and Mycotic Infections of Man , Ed. 2, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1952, p. 395. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Surgery American Medical Association

Cholecystitis Emphysematosa

Archives of Surgery , Volume 81 (4) – Oct 1, 1960

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1960 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0004-0010
eISSN
1538-3644
DOI
10.1001/archsurg.1960.01300040042008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Cholecystitis emphysematosa, sometimes called acute gaseous cholecystitis, pyopneumocholecystitis, or gas phlegmon of the gallbladder, is a rare form of acute, usually gangrenous, cholecystitis in which gas is found within the gallbladder lumen. This phenomenon was first reported as an operative finding by Lobingier1 in 1908. The first recorded preoperative roentgenogram diagnosis was made by Von Friederich2 in 1929. Since this time a few operative reports and reviews3-5 have occurred in the literature. As this phenomenon appears more commonly in diabetics, it is suggested that it will be more frequently encountered primarily associated with the aging diabetic population. The disease has been reported6 occurring between the ages of 32 and 76, but it most frequently occurs between the fifth and seventh decades and thus is a problem of a somewhat older age group than the average acute cholecystitis. The sex incidence is essentially the same as that References 1. Lobingier, A. S.: Gangrene of the Gallbladder , Ann. Surg. 48:72, 1908.Crossref 2. Culver, G. J., and Kline, R.: Acute Gaseous Cholecystitis , Radiology 50:536, 1948.Crossref 3. Wilson, W. A.: Acute Cholecystitis Due to Gas-Producing Organisms , Brit. J. Surg. 45:333, 1958.Crossref 4. Mooney, B. R., and Matzinger, K. E.: Acute Gaseous Cholecystitis , Canad. M.A.J. 66:66, 1952. 5. Strömme, A.: Emphysematous Cholecystitis , Acta radiol. 44:39, 1955.Crossref 6. Quist, C. F.: Cholecystitis Emphysematosa , Acta radiol. 35:200, 1951.Crossref 7. Byrne, J. J.: Acute Cholecystitis , Am. J. Surg. 97:156, 1959.Crossref 8. Jemerin, E. E.: Cholecystitis Emphysematosa , Surgery 25:237, 1948. 9. Branch, C. F.: The Bacteriological Study of a Group of Diseased Gall Bladders , New England J. Med. 201:308, 1929.Crossref 10. Gordon-Taylor, G., and Whitby, L. E. H.: Bacteriological Study of 50 Cases of Cholecystectomy with Special Reference to Anaerobic Infections , Brit. J. Surg. 18:78, 1930.Crossref 11. Andrews, E., and Henry, L. D.: Bacteriology of Normal and Diseased Gallbladders , Arch. Int. Med. 56:1171, 1935.Crossref 12. Thorsness, E. T.: Bacteriology of Cholecystitis , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 59:752, 1934. 13. Mason, E. C., and Hart, M. S.: Welch-like Bacillus in Human Livers , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 25:835, 1940. 14. Markowitz, J.: Editorial , Surg. Gynec. & Obst. 95:644, 1952. 15. McCorkle, H., and Fonge, G.: Clinical Significance of Gas in Gallbladder , Surgery 11:851, 1942. 16. McGregor, J. K., and McKinnon, D. A.: Intestinal Interstitial Emphysema , Gastroenterology 35:206, 1958. 17. Dubos, R. J., Editor: Bacterial and Mycotic Infections of Man , Ed. 2, Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1952, p. 395.

Journal

Archives of SurgeryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1960

References