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Childhood Lawn Dart Injuries: Summary of 75 Patients and Patient Report

Childhood Lawn Dart Injuries: Summary of 75 Patients and Patient Report Abstract • Lawn dart injuries account for an estimated 675 emergency department visits per year. Seventy-six patients are described herein. The victims ranged from 1 to 18 years of age and were predominantly male (male to female ratio is 3.1:1). The most common sites of injury were head (54%), eye (17%), and face (11 %). Hospitalization was required for 54% (41/76) of these patients. Sequelae included unilateral blindness and brain damage. The case fatality rate was 4%. The extent of a head injury was not always clinically apparent at the initial presentation and should be promptly defined by computed tomographic scan. Despite the recent ban on the sale of lawn darts, there remain an estimated 10 to 15 million sets of lawn darts in the homes of Americans. Pediatricians should encourage parents to discard all lawn darts. (AJDC. 1990;144:980-982) References 1. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Lawn darts: advance notice of proposed rulemaking: request for comments and data . Federal Register . 1987;52:38935-38939. 2. Amoury RA. Cerebral cortical injury with a lawn dart . Ann Emerg Med . 1984;13:484-486.Crossref 3. Hanigan WC, Olivero WC, Duff JJ, Peterson R. Lawn dart injury in children: report of two cases . Pediatr Emerg Care . 1986;2:247-249.Crossref 4. Tay ST, Garland JS. Serious head injuries from lawn darts . Pediatrics . 1987;79:261-263. 5. Tiffany KK, Kline MW. Mixed flora brain abscess with Pseudomonas paucimobilis following penetrating lawn dart injury . Pediatr Infect Dis . 1988;7:667-669.Crossref 6. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. National Injury Information Clearinghouse Accident Investigation: Lawn Dart Injuries: 1973 to 1988 . Washington, DC: US Consumer Product Safety Commission; 1988. 7. Bowen E, editors of Time-Life Books. Knights of the Air . Alexandria, Va: Time-Life Books; 1980. 8. Talbot FA. Aeroplanes and Dirigeibles . Philadelphia, Pa: JB Lippincott, 1915. 9. Rivara FP, Bergman AB, LoGerfo JP, Weiss NS. Epidemiology of childhood injuries . AJDC . 1982:136:502-506. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Childhood Lawn Dart Injuries: Summary of 75 Patients and Patient Report

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1990 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1990.02150330040018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract • Lawn dart injuries account for an estimated 675 emergency department visits per year. Seventy-six patients are described herein. The victims ranged from 1 to 18 years of age and were predominantly male (male to female ratio is 3.1:1). The most common sites of injury were head (54%), eye (17%), and face (11 %). Hospitalization was required for 54% (41/76) of these patients. Sequelae included unilateral blindness and brain damage. The case fatality rate was 4%. The extent of a head injury was not always clinically apparent at the initial presentation and should be promptly defined by computed tomographic scan. Despite the recent ban on the sale of lawn darts, there remain an estimated 10 to 15 million sets of lawn darts in the homes of Americans. Pediatricians should encourage parents to discard all lawn darts. (AJDC. 1990;144:980-982) References 1. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Lawn darts: advance notice of proposed rulemaking: request for comments and data . Federal Register . 1987;52:38935-38939. 2. Amoury RA. Cerebral cortical injury with a lawn dart . Ann Emerg Med . 1984;13:484-486.Crossref 3. Hanigan WC, Olivero WC, Duff JJ, Peterson R. Lawn dart injury in children: report of two cases . Pediatr Emerg Care . 1986;2:247-249.Crossref 4. Tay ST, Garland JS. Serious head injuries from lawn darts . Pediatrics . 1987;79:261-263. 5. Tiffany KK, Kline MW. Mixed flora brain abscess with Pseudomonas paucimobilis following penetrating lawn dart injury . Pediatr Infect Dis . 1988;7:667-669.Crossref 6. US Consumer Product Safety Commission. National Injury Information Clearinghouse Accident Investigation: Lawn Dart Injuries: 1973 to 1988 . Washington, DC: US Consumer Product Safety Commission; 1988. 7. Bowen E, editors of Time-Life Books. Knights of the Air . Alexandria, Va: Time-Life Books; 1980. 8. Talbot FA. Aeroplanes and Dirigeibles . Philadelphia, Pa: JB Lippincott, 1915. 9. Rivara FP, Bergman AB, LoGerfo JP, Weiss NS. Epidemiology of childhood injuries . AJDC . 1982:136:502-506.

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1990

References