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Child Abuse, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and Unexpected Infant Death

Child Abuse, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and Unexpected Infant Death Abstract • There is now evidence, from a variety of approaches, that indicate that between one tenth and one fifth of children currently diagnosed as cases of sudden infant death syndrome are not natural deaths. There is also equally strong evidence, where the possibility of filicide has been explored, that the majority of children diagnosed as cases of sudden infant death syndrome do die of natural causes. (AJDC. 1993;147;1097-1100) References 1. Fearn SW. Sudden and unexplained death in children . Lancet . 1834;1: 246.Crossref 2. Paltauf A. Ueber die Beziehungen der thymus zum plötzlichen tod . Wiener Klin Wochenschr . 1889;2:877-881. 3. Templeman C. 258 cases of suffocation in infants . Edinburgh Med J . 1892;38:322-329. 4. Savitt TL. Smothering and overlaying of Virginia slave children: a suggested explanation . Bull Hist Med . 1975;49:400-404. 5. Bowden K. Sudden death or alleged accidental suffocation in babies . Med J Aust . 1950;1:65-72. 6. James TN. Sudden death in babies: new observations in the heart . Am J Cardiol . 1968;22:479-506.Crossref 7. Parish WE, Barrett AM, Coombs RRA, Gunther M, Camps FE. Hypersensitivity to milk and sudden death in infancy . Lancet . 1960;2:1106-1110.Crossref 8. Emery JL. Sudden and unexpected death in infancy . Proc R Soc Med . 1959;52:890. 9. Wedgewood RJ, Benditt EP. Sudden Deaths in Infants: Proceedings of the Conference on Causes of Sudden Death in Infants, September 1963, Seattle. Bethesda, Md: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; 1964. Public Health Service Publication No. 1412. 10. Bergman AB, Beckwith JB, Ray CG, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Causes of Sudden Infant Death in Infants . Seattle: University of Washington Press; 1970. 11. Beckwith JB. Observations on the pathological anatomy of the sudden infant death syndrome . In: Bergman AB, Beckwith JB, Ray CG, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Causes of Sudden Death in Infants . Seattle: University of Washington Press; 1970:83. 12. Emery JL. Is sudden infant death syndrome a diagnosis? or is it just a diagnostic dustbin? BMJ . 1989:299:1240.Crossref 13. Gilbert-Barness E. Is sudden infant death syndrome a cause of death? AJDC . 1993;147:25-26. 14. Taylor EM, Emery JL. Two-year study of the causes of postperinatal deaths classified in terms of preventability . Arch Dis Child . 1982;57:668-673.Crossref 15. Emery JL. 1982 Aviemore meeting and the gently battered child . Arch Dis Child . 1983;58:75-80.Crossref 16. Helfer RE, Kempe KH, eds. The Battered Child . Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press; 1968. 17. Rosenberg D, Cantwell H. The consequences of neglect: individual and societal . In: Hobbs CJ, Wynne JM, eds. Bailliere's Clinical Paediatrics: International Practice and Research—Child Abuse . London, England: Bailliere Tindall; 1993;1:185-210. 18. Gantley M, Davies DP, Murcott A. Sudden infant death syndrome: links with infant care practices . BMJ . 1993;306:16-20.Crossref 19. Knowelden J, Keeling J, Nicholl JP, et al. A multicentre study of post neonatal mortality . London, England: Department of Health and Social Security; 1985. Her Majesty's Stationary Office publication 12. 20. Taylor EM, Emery JL. Trends in unexpected infant deaths in Sheffield . Lancet . 1988:2:1121-1124.Crossref 21. Taylor EM, Emery JL. Categories of preventable unexpected infant deaths . Arch Dis Child . 1990;65:535-539.Crossref 22. Newlands M, Adamson E, Ghulam S, Saleh M, Emery JL. Differences in postperinatal infant deaths between North and Southern Derbyshire . Arch Dis Child . 1991;66:1421-1425.Crossref 23. Colorado Child Fatality Review Committee. Annual Report for Child Deaths in Colorado in 1989 . Denver, Colo: State Health Department; 1990. 24. Newlands M, Emery JL. Child abuse and cot deaths . Child Abuse Negl . 1991;15:275-278.Crossref 25. Oliver JE. Dead children from problem families in NE Wiltshire . BMJ . 1983;286:115-117.Crossref 26. Oliver JE. Successive generations of child maltreatment: the children . BMJ . 1988;153:543-553. 27. Carpenter RG, Gardner A, McWeeny PM, Emery JL. Multistage scoring system for identifying infants at risk of unexpected death . Arch Dis Child . 1977;52:606-612.Crossref 28. Lynch MA. The consequences of child abuse . In: Browne K, Davies C, Stratton P, eds. Early Prediction and Prevention of Child Abuse . Chichester, England: Wylie; 1988:203-211. 29. Waite A, Emery J, Taylor E. Care programme for cot death families . Physician. June 1991:250-253. 30. Emery JL. Cot death for real! Families with repeat SIDS . In: Pomerance H, Bercu B, eds. Topics in Pediatrics . New York, NY: Springer Verlag NY Inc; 1990:107-121. 31. Wolkind S, Taylor EM, Waite AJ, Dalton M, Emery JL. Recurrence of unexpected infant death. Acta Paediatrica. In press. 32. Samuels MP, Poets CF, Noyes JP, Hartmann H, Hewertson J, Southall DP. Diagnosis and management after life-threatening events in infants and young children who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation . BMJ . 1993; 306:489-492.Crossref 33. Beckwith JB. Intrathoracic petechial haemorrhages: a clue to the mechanism of death in sudden infant death syndrome? Ann N Y Acad Sci . 1988;533:37-47.Crossref 34. Feldman KW, Brewer DF. Child abuse, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rib fractures . Pediatrics . 1984;73:339-342. 35. Leventhal JM, Thomas SA, Rosenfield NS, Markowitz RI. Fractures in young children distinguishing child abuse from unintentional injuries . AJDC . 1993:147:87-92. 36. Meadow R. Munchausen syndrome by proxy . Arch Dis Child . 1982; 57:92-98.Crossref 37. Meadow R. Suffocation, recurrent apnea and sudden infant death . J Pediatr . 1990;117:351-357.Crossref 38. Emery JL. Cot death and child abuse . In: Hobbs CJ, Wynne JM, eds. Bailliere's Clinical Paediatrics, International Practice and Research—Child Abuse . London, England: Bailliere Tindall; 1993;1:235-250. 39. Bass M, Kravath RE, Glass E. Investigation of SIDS . N Engl J Med . 1986;315:1677.Crossref 40. Emery JL. The diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): the concept of sufficient cause of death and identification of multifactorial infant deaths . Ann Nestle . 1992;50:62-70. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Diseases of Children American Medical Association

Child Abuse, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, and Unexpected Infant Death

American Journal of Diseases of Children , Volume 147 (10) – Oct 1, 1993

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1993 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0002-922X
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1993.02160340083019
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Abstract

Abstract • There is now evidence, from a variety of approaches, that indicate that between one tenth and one fifth of children currently diagnosed as cases of sudden infant death syndrome are not natural deaths. There is also equally strong evidence, where the possibility of filicide has been explored, that the majority of children diagnosed as cases of sudden infant death syndrome do die of natural causes. (AJDC. 1993;147;1097-1100) References 1. Fearn SW. Sudden and unexplained death in children . Lancet . 1834;1: 246.Crossref 2. Paltauf A. Ueber die Beziehungen der thymus zum plötzlichen tod . Wiener Klin Wochenschr . 1889;2:877-881. 3. Templeman C. 258 cases of suffocation in infants . Edinburgh Med J . 1892;38:322-329. 4. Savitt TL. Smothering and overlaying of Virginia slave children: a suggested explanation . Bull Hist Med . 1975;49:400-404. 5. Bowden K. Sudden death or alleged accidental suffocation in babies . Med J Aust . 1950;1:65-72. 6. James TN. Sudden death in babies: new observations in the heart . Am J Cardiol . 1968;22:479-506.Crossref 7. Parish WE, Barrett AM, Coombs RRA, Gunther M, Camps FE. Hypersensitivity to milk and sudden death in infancy . Lancet . 1960;2:1106-1110.Crossref 8. Emery JL. Sudden and unexpected death in infancy . Proc R Soc Med . 1959;52:890. 9. Wedgewood RJ, Benditt EP. Sudden Deaths in Infants: Proceedings of the Conference on Causes of Sudden Death in Infants, September 1963, Seattle. Bethesda, Md: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; 1964. Public Health Service Publication No. 1412. 10. Bergman AB, Beckwith JB, Ray CG, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Causes of Sudden Infant Death in Infants . Seattle: University of Washington Press; 1970. 11. Beckwith JB. Observations on the pathological anatomy of the sudden infant death syndrome . In: Bergman AB, Beckwith JB, Ray CG, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Causes of Sudden Death in Infants . Seattle: University of Washington Press; 1970:83. 12. Emery JL. Is sudden infant death syndrome a diagnosis? or is it just a diagnostic dustbin? BMJ . 1989:299:1240.Crossref 13. Gilbert-Barness E. Is sudden infant death syndrome a cause of death? AJDC . 1993;147:25-26. 14. Taylor EM, Emery JL. Two-year study of the causes of postperinatal deaths classified in terms of preventability . Arch Dis Child . 1982;57:668-673.Crossref 15. Emery JL. 1982 Aviemore meeting and the gently battered child . Arch Dis Child . 1983;58:75-80.Crossref 16. Helfer RE, Kempe KH, eds. The Battered Child . Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press; 1968. 17. Rosenberg D, Cantwell H. The consequences of neglect: individual and societal . In: Hobbs CJ, Wynne JM, eds. Bailliere's Clinical Paediatrics: International Practice and Research—Child Abuse . London, England: Bailliere Tindall; 1993;1:185-210. 18. Gantley M, Davies DP, Murcott A. Sudden infant death syndrome: links with infant care practices . BMJ . 1993;306:16-20.Crossref 19. Knowelden J, Keeling J, Nicholl JP, et al. A multicentre study of post neonatal mortality . London, England: Department of Health and Social Security; 1985. Her Majesty's Stationary Office publication 12. 20. Taylor EM, Emery JL. Trends in unexpected infant deaths in Sheffield . Lancet . 1988:2:1121-1124.Crossref 21. Taylor EM, Emery JL. Categories of preventable unexpected infant deaths . Arch Dis Child . 1990;65:535-539.Crossref 22. Newlands M, Adamson E, Ghulam S, Saleh M, Emery JL. Differences in postperinatal infant deaths between North and Southern Derbyshire . Arch Dis Child . 1991;66:1421-1425.Crossref 23. Colorado Child Fatality Review Committee. Annual Report for Child Deaths in Colorado in 1989 . Denver, Colo: State Health Department; 1990. 24. Newlands M, Emery JL. Child abuse and cot deaths . Child Abuse Negl . 1991;15:275-278.Crossref 25. Oliver JE. Dead children from problem families in NE Wiltshire . BMJ . 1983;286:115-117.Crossref 26. Oliver JE. Successive generations of child maltreatment: the children . BMJ . 1988;153:543-553. 27. Carpenter RG, Gardner A, McWeeny PM, Emery JL. Multistage scoring system for identifying infants at risk of unexpected death . Arch Dis Child . 1977;52:606-612.Crossref 28. Lynch MA. The consequences of child abuse . In: Browne K, Davies C, Stratton P, eds. Early Prediction and Prevention of Child Abuse . Chichester, England: Wylie; 1988:203-211. 29. Waite A, Emery J, Taylor E. Care programme for cot death families . Physician. June 1991:250-253. 30. Emery JL. Cot death for real! Families with repeat SIDS . In: Pomerance H, Bercu B, eds. Topics in Pediatrics . New York, NY: Springer Verlag NY Inc; 1990:107-121. 31. Wolkind S, Taylor EM, Waite AJ, Dalton M, Emery JL. Recurrence of unexpected infant death. Acta Paediatrica. In press. 32. Samuels MP, Poets CF, Noyes JP, Hartmann H, Hewertson J, Southall DP. Diagnosis and management after life-threatening events in infants and young children who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation . BMJ . 1993; 306:489-492.Crossref 33. Beckwith JB. Intrathoracic petechial haemorrhages: a clue to the mechanism of death in sudden infant death syndrome? Ann N Y Acad Sci . 1988;533:37-47.Crossref 34. Feldman KW, Brewer DF. Child abuse, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rib fractures . Pediatrics . 1984;73:339-342. 35. Leventhal JM, Thomas SA, Rosenfield NS, Markowitz RI. Fractures in young children distinguishing child abuse from unintentional injuries . AJDC . 1993:147:87-92. 36. Meadow R. Munchausen syndrome by proxy . Arch Dis Child . 1982; 57:92-98.Crossref 37. Meadow R. Suffocation, recurrent apnea and sudden infant death . J Pediatr . 1990;117:351-357.Crossref 38. Emery JL. Cot death and child abuse . In: Hobbs CJ, Wynne JM, eds. Bailliere's Clinical Paediatrics, International Practice and Research—Child Abuse . London, England: Bailliere Tindall; 1993;1:235-250. 39. Bass M, Kravath RE, Glass E. Investigation of SIDS . N Engl J Med . 1986;315:1677.Crossref 40. Emery JL. The diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): the concept of sufficient cause of death and identification of multifactorial infant deaths . Ann Nestle . 1992;50:62-70.

Journal

American Journal of Diseases of ChildrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Oct 1, 1993

References