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Charles Dickens and the Ear, Nose, and Throat

Charles Dickens and the Ear, Nose, and Throat Abstract • Charles Dickens is known as a novelist, humorist, humanist, and a social reformist. One of his many abilities was an astute power of observation, and some of his writings included descriptions considered as original medical knowledge. Among the hundreds of characters portrayed by Dickens, many had depictions or diseases of interest to the otolaryngologist. Dickens described deaf children and was interested in the methods used in their teaching. He had a keen interest in children and their welfare and described his visits to the Childrens Hospital in London and to Parkins Institute at Boston. He described both temporary and permanent deafness following exposure to loud noise. Dickens was a medical critic and most of his writings on the subject were humorous, though mixed at times with a spicy element of satire. (Arch Otolaryngol 105:1-5, 1979) References 1. Yearsley M: Deafness in literature . Lancet 1:746-747, 1925.Crossref 2. Brain R: Dickensian diagnoses . Br Med J 2:1553-1556, 1955.Crossref 3. Poynter FN: Thomas Southwood Smith: The man (1788-1861) . Proc R Soc Med 55:381-392, 1962. 4. Strachan CG: The medical knowledge of Charles Dickens . Br Med J 2:780-782, 1924.Crossref 5. Merritt HH: A Textbook of Neurology , ed 5. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1973, p 779. 6. Brain R: Brain's Diseases of the Nervous System , ed 8, Walton JN (rev). Oxford, England, Oxford University Press, 1977, pp 1154-1156. 7. Oswald I: Sleep , in Critchley M, O'Leary JL, Jennett B (eds): Scientific Foundations of Neurology . London, William Heinemann, 1972, p 190. 8. Obituary . Br Med J 1:636, 1870. 9. Thomas KB: The generation gap . Proc R Soc Med 66:35-40, 1973. 10. Pahor AL: An early history of secretory otitis media . J Laryngol Otol 92:543-560, 1978.Crossref 11. Toynbee J: Diseases of the Ear . London, Churchill, 1860, pp 235, 335, 352, 394, 395. 12. Forster J: The Life of Charles Dickens , Matz BW (collector, arranger, annotator). London, Chapman & Hall, 1911. 13. Sitwell S: The Oxford Illustrated Dickens , introduction, in American Notes and Pictures From Italy . London, Oxford University Press, 1957. 14. Buchanan T: Illustrations of Acoustic Surgery . London, Longman, 1825. 15. Von Tröltsch, in The Surgical Diseases of the Ear [by Professor von Tröltsch] and The Mechanism of the Ossicles and the Membrana Tympani [by Professor Helmholtz] , Hinton J (trans). London, New Sydenham Society, 1874, pp 22, 23, 76, 186. 16. O'Hara D: Dr Charles Dickens . N Engl J Med 203:1082-1086, 1930.Crossref 17. Hardwick M, Hardwick M: The Charles Dickens Encyclopedia . London, Ospray, 1973. 18. Carey J: The Violent Effigy: A Study of Dickens' Imagination . London, Faber & Faber, 1973, p 132. 19. Line WH: Dickens' doctors . Midland Med J 5:3-5, 1906. 20. Layton TB: Dickens' medical students . Guy's Hospital Gazette 50:553-562, 1936. 21. Frost T: Dickens' doctors , in Andrews W (ed): The Doctor in History, Literature, Folk-Lore, Etc. Hull, England, William Andrews & Co, 1896, pp 90-102. 22. Sprigge SS: The medicine of Dickens, in Physic and Fiction . London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1921, p 89. 23. Radzinowicz L: A History of English Criminal Law . London, Stevens & Sons, 1968, vol 4, p 329. 24. Berdoe E: The Origin and Growth of the Healing Art . London, Sonnenscheim & Co, 1893, pp 156, 217. 25. Cooper S: A Dictionary of Practical Surgery , ed 5. London, Longman Hurst Rees Orme Brown & Green Publishers, 1825. 26. Graves RJ: Clinical Lectures on the Practice of Medicine , Neligan JM (ed). London, New Sydenham Society, 1834, p 168. 27. Hooper R: Medical Dictionary , ed 7. London, Longman, 1838, pp 267, 1346. 28. [Davenport WH]: The Healing Art . London, Ward & Downey, 1887, vol 2, p 217. 29. Castiglioni A: A History of Medicine , Krumbhaar EB (trans). New York, Alfred A Knopf Inc, 1941, p 744. 30. Johnson JR: Treatise on the Medicinal Leech . London, Longman Hurst Rees Orme & Brown Publishers, 1816. 31. Swan J: A Treatise on Diseases and Injuries of the Nerves . London, Longman Rees Orme Brown Green & Longman Publishers, 1834, p 269. 32. Kramer W: The Nature and Treatment of Diseases of the Ear , ed 2, Bennett JR (trans). London, Longman Orme Brown Green & Longman Publishers, 1837, pp 61, 66, 113, 229, 249, 268. 33. Alberti PW: Myringotomy and ventilating tubes in the 19th century . Laryngoscope 84:805-815, 1974.Crossref 34. Fosbroke J: Pathology and treatment of deafness . Lancet 1:740-743, 1830. 35. Wilde WR: Practical Observations on Aural Surgery . London, Churchill, 1853, p 85. 36. Politzer A: Diseases of the Ear (1878-82) , Casells JP (trans). London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1883, pp 253, 336. 37. Milligan W, Complications of chronic suppurative middle-ear diseases , in Macnaughton-Jones H, Stewart WRH, Milligan W, et al (eds): Diseases of the Ear and Nasopharynx , ed 6. London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1902, p 191. 38. Scheidenmandel HHE: Did George Washington die of quinzy? Arch Otolaryngol 102:519-521, 1976.Crossref 39. Hardwick M, Hardwick M: The Charles Dickens Companion . London, John Murry, 1965. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Charles Dickens and the Ear, Nose, and Throat

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 105 (1) – Jan 1, 1979

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American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1979 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1979.00790130005001
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Abstract

Abstract • Charles Dickens is known as a novelist, humorist, humanist, and a social reformist. One of his many abilities was an astute power of observation, and some of his writings included descriptions considered as original medical knowledge. Among the hundreds of characters portrayed by Dickens, many had depictions or diseases of interest to the otolaryngologist. Dickens described deaf children and was interested in the methods used in their teaching. He had a keen interest in children and their welfare and described his visits to the Childrens Hospital in London and to Parkins Institute at Boston. He described both temporary and permanent deafness following exposure to loud noise. Dickens was a medical critic and most of his writings on the subject were humorous, though mixed at times with a spicy element of satire. (Arch Otolaryngol 105:1-5, 1979) References 1. Yearsley M: Deafness in literature . Lancet 1:746-747, 1925.Crossref 2. Brain R: Dickensian diagnoses . Br Med J 2:1553-1556, 1955.Crossref 3. Poynter FN: Thomas Southwood Smith: The man (1788-1861) . Proc R Soc Med 55:381-392, 1962. 4. Strachan CG: The medical knowledge of Charles Dickens . Br Med J 2:780-782, 1924.Crossref 5. Merritt HH: A Textbook of Neurology , ed 5. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1973, p 779. 6. Brain R: Brain's Diseases of the Nervous System , ed 8, Walton JN (rev). Oxford, England, Oxford University Press, 1977, pp 1154-1156. 7. Oswald I: Sleep , in Critchley M, O'Leary JL, Jennett B (eds): Scientific Foundations of Neurology . London, William Heinemann, 1972, p 190. 8. Obituary . Br Med J 1:636, 1870. 9. Thomas KB: The generation gap . Proc R Soc Med 66:35-40, 1973. 10. Pahor AL: An early history of secretory otitis media . J Laryngol Otol 92:543-560, 1978.Crossref 11. Toynbee J: Diseases of the Ear . London, Churchill, 1860, pp 235, 335, 352, 394, 395. 12. Forster J: The Life of Charles Dickens , Matz BW (collector, arranger, annotator). London, Chapman & Hall, 1911. 13. Sitwell S: The Oxford Illustrated Dickens , introduction, in American Notes and Pictures From Italy . London, Oxford University Press, 1957. 14. Buchanan T: Illustrations of Acoustic Surgery . London, Longman, 1825. 15. Von Tröltsch, in The Surgical Diseases of the Ear [by Professor von Tröltsch] and The Mechanism of the Ossicles and the Membrana Tympani [by Professor Helmholtz] , Hinton J (trans). London, New Sydenham Society, 1874, pp 22, 23, 76, 186. 16. O'Hara D: Dr Charles Dickens . N Engl J Med 203:1082-1086, 1930.Crossref 17. Hardwick M, Hardwick M: The Charles Dickens Encyclopedia . London, Ospray, 1973. 18. Carey J: The Violent Effigy: A Study of Dickens' Imagination . London, Faber & Faber, 1973, p 132. 19. Line WH: Dickens' doctors . Midland Med J 5:3-5, 1906. 20. Layton TB: Dickens' medical students . Guy's Hospital Gazette 50:553-562, 1936. 21. Frost T: Dickens' doctors , in Andrews W (ed): The Doctor in History, Literature, Folk-Lore, Etc. Hull, England, William Andrews & Co, 1896, pp 90-102. 22. Sprigge SS: The medicine of Dickens, in Physic and Fiction . London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1921, p 89. 23. Radzinowicz L: A History of English Criminal Law . London, Stevens & Sons, 1968, vol 4, p 329. 24. Berdoe E: The Origin and Growth of the Healing Art . London, Sonnenscheim & Co, 1893, pp 156, 217. 25. Cooper S: A Dictionary of Practical Surgery , ed 5. London, Longman Hurst Rees Orme Brown & Green Publishers, 1825. 26. Graves RJ: Clinical Lectures on the Practice of Medicine , Neligan JM (ed). London, New Sydenham Society, 1834, p 168. 27. Hooper R: Medical Dictionary , ed 7. London, Longman, 1838, pp 267, 1346. 28. [Davenport WH]: The Healing Art . London, Ward & Downey, 1887, vol 2, p 217. 29. Castiglioni A: A History of Medicine , Krumbhaar EB (trans). New York, Alfred A Knopf Inc, 1941, p 744. 30. Johnson JR: Treatise on the Medicinal Leech . London, Longman Hurst Rees Orme & Brown Publishers, 1816. 31. Swan J: A Treatise on Diseases and Injuries of the Nerves . London, Longman Rees Orme Brown Green & Longman Publishers, 1834, p 269. 32. Kramer W: The Nature and Treatment of Diseases of the Ear , ed 2, Bennett JR (trans). London, Longman Orme Brown Green & Longman Publishers, 1837, pp 61, 66, 113, 229, 249, 268. 33. Alberti PW: Myringotomy and ventilating tubes in the 19th century . Laryngoscope 84:805-815, 1974.Crossref 34. Fosbroke J: Pathology and treatment of deafness . Lancet 1:740-743, 1830. 35. Wilde WR: Practical Observations on Aural Surgery . London, Churchill, 1853, p 85. 36. Politzer A: Diseases of the Ear (1878-82) , Casells JP (trans). London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1883, pp 253, 336. 37. Milligan W, Complications of chronic suppurative middle-ear diseases , in Macnaughton-Jones H, Stewart WRH, Milligan W, et al (eds): Diseases of the Ear and Nasopharynx , ed 6. London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1902, p 191. 38. Scheidenmandel HHE: Did George Washington die of quinzy? Arch Otolaryngol 102:519-521, 1976.Crossref 39. Hardwick M, Hardwick M: The Charles Dickens Companion . London, John Murry, 1965.

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Jan 1, 1979

References