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Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Acute Poliomyelitis: Study of One Hundred Four Patients

Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Acute Poliomyelitis: Study of One Hundred Four Patients Abstract Phosphorus, in the form of phosphate, is one of the largest and most important constituents of central nervous system tissue, and therefore its determination in cerebrospinal fluid, which has been made rarely in poliomyelitis, might provide information on the diagnosis, course, and treatment of the disease. During the 1952 epidemic of poliomyelitis inorganic phosphorus levels in 110 cerebrospinal fluids were determined on 104 patients during the acute phase, and this report evaluates the findings. There was a previous report of cerebrospinal fluid inorganic phosphorus in four poliomyelitis patients by Wilcox, Lyttle, and Hearn1 in 1925. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patient Material. —During the 1952 poliomyelitis epidemic, 255 patients were hospitalized with poliomyelitis in the Kingston Avenue Hospital, the communicable diseases hospital for the nearly 3,000,000 people of the borough of Brooklyn. From the time (July 9, 1952) that determinations of cerebrospinal fluid inorganic phosphorus levels were started in poliomyelitis patients, References 1. References 12 to 15. 2. References 16 through 28. 3. References 4 and 62 through 64. 4. Wilcox, H. B.; Lyttle, J. D., and Hearn, J. E.: Chemical Composition of the Spinal Fluid: Diagnostic Value , Am. J. Dis. Child. 30:513-540, 1925.Crossref 5. Odessky, L.; Rosenblatt, P.; Bedo, A. V., and Landau, L.: Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Normal Individuals and in Those with Viral Involvement of the Central Nervous System , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 41:745-753, 1953. 6. Pincus, J. B., and Kramer, B.: Comparative Study of the Concentration of Various Anions and Cations in Cerebrospinal Fluid and Serum , J. Biol. Chem. 57:463-470, 1923. 7. Cohn, D. J.; Kaplan, I., and Levinson, A.: Study of Calcium and Phosphorus in Cerebrospinal Fluid , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 24:609-616, 1938-1939. 8. Scholberg, H. A., and Goodall, E.: Phosphorus and Calcium Content of the Blood-Plasma and Cerebro-Spinal Fluid in the Psychoses , J. Ment. Sc. 72:51-58, 1926. 9. Fremont-Smith, F.; Dailey, M. E.; Merritt, H. H.; Carroll, M. P., and Thomas, G. W.: Equilibrium Between Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Plasma: I. Composition of the Human Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Plasma , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:1271-1289, 1931. 10. Steiner, B.: Beiträge zur Chemie des Liquor cerebrospinalis , Jahrb. Kinderh. 124:188-194, 1929. 11. Cohen, H.: Inorganic Phosphorus Content of Cerebrospinal Fluid , Quart. J. Med. 17:289-301, 1923-1924. 12. Lierle, D. M., and Sage, R. A.: Study of the Calcium, Phosphorus and Potassium of the Serum and Spinal Fluid in Asthma , J. Allergy 3:325-331, 1931-1932. 13. Okuda, S.: Biochemical Study of Blood and Cerebrospinal Fluid of the New-Born: III. On the Contents of Inorganic Phosphor , J. Orient. Med. (Abstr. Sect.) 29:80, 1938. 14. Polio; Facts You Should Know, The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. 15. Dauer, C. C.: Trends in Age Distribution of Poliomyelitis in the United States , Am. J. Hyg. 48:133-146, 1948. 16. Dehn, H. M.: Age Incidence of Poliomyelitis in Cleveland , Pediatrics 1:83-89, 1948. 17. Horton, R. J. M., and Rubenstein, A. D.: Age Distribution of Poliomyelitis in Massachusetts , New England J. Med. 239:169-172, 1948. 18. Yankauer, A., Jr., and Goldberg, H. P.: Age Distribution of Poliomyelitis in New York City in Relation to Previous Epidemics , Am. J. Pub. Health 38:1683-1687, 1948. 19. Fischer, A. E., and Stillerman, M.: Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis in New York in 1935: A Review of 686 Cases , Am. J. Dis. Child. 54:984-1004, 1937. 20. Legg, A. T.: Analysis of the 1935 Epidemic of Infantile Paralysis in Massachusetts , New England J. Med. 217:507-511, 1937. 21. Stuck, W. G., and Loiselle, A. O.: The 1942 San Antonio Poliomyelitis Epidemic , J. A. M. A. 122:853-855, 1943. 22. Bohls, S. W., and Irons, J. V.: Report on 1943 Outbreak of Poliomyelitis , Texas J. Med. 40:412-417, 1944. 23. McLendon, P. A.; Wall, J. S.; Anderson, W. S.; Hand, F. M., and Todd, R. H.: 1944 Poliomyelitis Epidemic: Analysis of Cases Seen at Children's Hospital, Washington, D. C. , M. Ann. District of Columbia 14:287-293, 1945. 24. Geiger, J. C.: Poliomyelitis in San Francisco , California Med. 65:53-55, 1946. 25. Roper, L. J.: Observations on the 1944 Epidemic of Poliomyelitis in Virginia , South M. J. 39:344-352, 1946.Crossref 26. Anderson, J. A.; Holley, E. B.; Kitto, W., and Thouin, P.: Infantile Paralysis in the State of Utah in 1945 , Rocky Mountain M. J. 44:602-613, 1947. 27. Grulee, C. G., Jr., and Panos, T. C.: Epidemic Poliomyelitis in Children: Clinical Study, with Special Reference to Symptoms and Management of Bulbar Polioencephalitis , Am. J. Dis. Child. 75:24-39, 1948.Crossref 28. Geiger, J. C.: Poliomyelitis in San Francisco, 1948 , Am. J. Pub. Health 39:1567-1570, 1949. 29. Shutkin, N. M.: Statistical Survey of Cases of Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis , Arch. Phys. Med. 30:455-458, 1949. 30. Benjamin, B., and Taylor, I.: The Sex-Incidence of Poliomyelitis , Lancet 2:689-690, 1951.Crossref 31. Weinstein, L.; Aycock, W. L., and Feemster, R. F.: Relation of Sex, Pregnancy and Menstruation to Susceptibility in Poliomyelitis , New England J. Med. 245:54-58, 1951.Crossref 32. Nicholls, E. E.: Poliomyelitis: A Study of 320 Cases , Pennsylvania M. J. 53:1278-1282, 1950. 33. Nicholls, E. E.: Incidence of a Normal Spinal Fluid in Acute Poliomyelitis , J. Pediat. 37:894-898, 1950.Crossref 34. Ytrehus, K.: Etterundersøkelse av pasienter innlagt for poliomyelitt; feildiagnostiserte og aparalytiske tilfelle , Tidsskr. norske lægefor. 72:589-590, 1952. 35. Levinson, S. O.: Early Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis Without an Increase of Cells in the Spinal Fluid , J. Pediat. 1:337-345, 1932.Crossref 36. Andelman, M. B.; Fishbein, W. I.; Casey, A. E., and Bundesen, H. N.: Spinal Fluid Protein in the Retrospective Diagnosis of Subclinical Poliomyelitis , South. M. J. 39:706-718, 1946.Crossref 37. Odessky, L.; Rascoff, H.; Schiff, I.; Sands, I. J.; Warshall, H. B.; Spielsinger, D.; Riesenberg, J. A., and Schapiro, F. M.: Therapeutic Doses of Gamma Globulin and Adjunctive Therapy in Acute Poliomyelitis: Therapy Directed at the Central Nervous System, to be published. 38. Rissler, J.: Zur Kenntniss der Veränderungen des Nervensystems bei Poliomyelitis anterior acuta , Nord. med. Ark. 20:1-63, 1888. 39. Savini-Castano, T., and Savini, E.: Zur Kenntniss der pathologischen Anatomie und der Pathogenese eines unter dem Bilde der aufsteigenden Landry'schen Paralyse verlaufenden Falles von Poliomyelitis acuta beim Kinde , Arch. Psychiat. 45:642-682, 1909.Crossref 40. Bodian, D.: The Virus, the Nerve Cell, and Paralysis: A Study of Experimental Poliomyelitis in the Spinal Cord , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 83:1-108, 1948. 41. Hassin, G. B.: A Note on the Comparative Histopathology of Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis and Epidemic Encephalitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 11:28-42, 1924. 42. Blanton, W. B.: An Anatomical Study of 15 Cases of Acute Poliomyelitis , J. M. Res. 31:1-18, 1917. 43. Luhan, J. A.: Epidemic Poliomyelitis: Some Pathologic Observations on Human Material , Arch. Path. 42:245-260, 1946. 44. Neubuerger, K. T.: Bulbar Poliomyelitis: Pathologic Aspects, Report of First International Poliomyelitis Conference , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1949, pp. 237-240. 45. Baker, A. B.: Bulbar Poliomyelitis: Its Mechanism and Treatment , Am. J. Med. 6:614-619, 1949. 46. Wickman, I.: Acute Poliomyelitis , New York, Nervous and Mental Disease Monograph Series, No. 16, 1913, p. 135. 47. Craw, C. H.: Changes in the Motor Nerve Cells in Poliomyelitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:1315-1323, 1931. 48. Barnhart, M.; Rhines, R.; McCarter, J. C., and Magoun, H. W.: Distribution of Lesions of the Brain Stem in Poliomyelitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 59:368-377, 1948. 49. Bodian, D.: Poliomyelitis: Neuropathologic Observations in Relation to Motor Symptoms , J. A. M. A. 134:1148-1154, 1947. 50. Peers, J. H., and Lillie, R. D.: Topographic Pathology of the Cerebral Lesions of Acute Poliomyelitis in Man: I. The Medulla Oblongata , Am. J. Path. 25:725-739, 1949. 51. Alexander, L., and Myerson, A.: Minerals in Normal and in Pathologic Brain Tissue, Studied by Microincineration and Spectroscopy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 39:131-149, 1938. 52. Broman, T.: Permeability of the Cerebrospinal Vessels in Normal and Pathological Conditions , Copenhagen, Ejnar Munksgaards Forlag, 1949. 53. Bakay, L., and Lindberg, O.: Studies on the Role of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in Brain Metabolism as Measured with Radioactive Phosphate , Acta physiol. scandinav. 17:179-190, 1949. 54. Sacks, J., and Culbreth, G. G.: Phosphate Transport and Turnover in the Brain , Am. J. Physiol. 165:251-256, 1951. 55. Adams, J. E.: Tracer Studies with Radioactive Phosphorus (P32); on the Absorption of Cerebrospinal Fluid and the Problem of Hydrocephalus , J. Neurosurg. 8:279-288, 1951. 56. Maass, L., and Adams, J. E.: Absorption of the Cerebrospinal Fluid: Studies with Radioactive Phosphorus (P32) , S. Forum (1951) , pp. 369-375, 1952. 57. Odessky, L.; Bedo, A. V.; Rosenblatt, P.; Jennings, K. G.; Sands, I. J.; Weisler, H., and Newman, B.: Therapeutic Doses of Gamma Globulin in the Treatment of Measles Encephalitis and Encephalomyelitis: II. Cerebrospinal Fluid and Serum Studies in Measles Encephalitis and Encephalomyelitis with Special Reference to Phosphorus, Cholesterol, and Magnesium , J. Pediat. 43:695-708, 1953. 58. Bodansky, M., and Bodansky, O.: Biochemistry of Disease , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1952. 59. Merritt, H. H., and Bauer, W.: Equilibrium Between Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Plasma: III. Distribution of Calcium and Phosphorus Between Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Serum , J. Biol. Chem. 90:215-232, 1931. 60. Anderson, J. A.; Gemzell, C.; Gemzell, L.; Bolin, V. S., and Samuels, L. T.: Influence of Lansing Virus Infection on Phosphorus Metabolism of Monkey Brain Tissue , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 73:690-691, 1950. 61. Kabat, H.: Changes in Acid-Soluble Phosphorus Compounds in the Brain in Poliomyelitis , Science 99:63, 1944. 62. Bodian, D., and Mellors, R. C.: Decrease of Phosphocreatine in Regenerating Neurons , J. Biol. Chem. 167:655-661, 1947. 63. Odessky, L.; Rosenblatt, P.; Loeffler, J. G., and Landau, L.: Inorganic Phosphorus in Cerebrospinal Fluid in Mumps Meningoencephalitis , Am. J. Clin. Path. 24:35-38, 1954. 64. Odessky, L., and Rosenblatt, P.: Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Normal Individuals and in Those with Central Nervous System Complications Due to Virus , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , pp. 255-257, 1953. 65. Katzenelbogen, S.: Cerebrospinal Fluid and Its Relation to the Blood , Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1935. 66. Merritt, H. H., and Fremont-Smith, F.: The Cerebrospinal Fluid , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1937. 67. Sposito, M.: Gli elettroliti del liquor cerebrospinale nella uremia, nel tetano ed in varie sindromi neurologiche e psichiche , Arch. "E. Maragliano" pat. e clin. 5:771-777, 1950. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry American Medical Association

Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Acute Poliomyelitis: Study of One Hundred Four Patients

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American Medical Association
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Copyright © 1955 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
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0096-6886
DOI
10.1001/archneurpsyc.1955.02330090001001
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Abstract

Abstract Phosphorus, in the form of phosphate, is one of the largest and most important constituents of central nervous system tissue, and therefore its determination in cerebrospinal fluid, which has been made rarely in poliomyelitis, might provide information on the diagnosis, course, and treatment of the disease. During the 1952 epidemic of poliomyelitis inorganic phosphorus levels in 110 cerebrospinal fluids were determined on 104 patients during the acute phase, and this report evaluates the findings. There was a previous report of cerebrospinal fluid inorganic phosphorus in four poliomyelitis patients by Wilcox, Lyttle, and Hearn1 in 1925. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patient Material. —During the 1952 poliomyelitis epidemic, 255 patients were hospitalized with poliomyelitis in the Kingston Avenue Hospital, the communicable diseases hospital for the nearly 3,000,000 people of the borough of Brooklyn. From the time (July 9, 1952) that determinations of cerebrospinal fluid inorganic phosphorus levels were started in poliomyelitis patients, References 1. References 12 to 15. 2. References 16 through 28. 3. References 4 and 62 through 64. 4. Wilcox, H. B.; Lyttle, J. D., and Hearn, J. E.: Chemical Composition of the Spinal Fluid: Diagnostic Value , Am. J. Dis. Child. 30:513-540, 1925.Crossref 5. Odessky, L.; Rosenblatt, P.; Bedo, A. V., and Landau, L.: Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Normal Individuals and in Those with Viral Involvement of the Central Nervous System , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 41:745-753, 1953. 6. Pincus, J. B., and Kramer, B.: Comparative Study of the Concentration of Various Anions and Cations in Cerebrospinal Fluid and Serum , J. Biol. Chem. 57:463-470, 1923. 7. Cohn, D. J.; Kaplan, I., and Levinson, A.: Study of Calcium and Phosphorus in Cerebrospinal Fluid , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 24:609-616, 1938-1939. 8. Scholberg, H. A., and Goodall, E.: Phosphorus and Calcium Content of the Blood-Plasma and Cerebro-Spinal Fluid in the Psychoses , J. Ment. Sc. 72:51-58, 1926. 9. Fremont-Smith, F.; Dailey, M. E.; Merritt, H. H.; Carroll, M. P., and Thomas, G. W.: Equilibrium Between Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Plasma: I. Composition of the Human Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Plasma , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:1271-1289, 1931. 10. Steiner, B.: Beiträge zur Chemie des Liquor cerebrospinalis , Jahrb. Kinderh. 124:188-194, 1929. 11. Cohen, H.: Inorganic Phosphorus Content of Cerebrospinal Fluid , Quart. J. Med. 17:289-301, 1923-1924. 12. Lierle, D. M., and Sage, R. A.: Study of the Calcium, Phosphorus and Potassium of the Serum and Spinal Fluid in Asthma , J. Allergy 3:325-331, 1931-1932. 13. Okuda, S.: Biochemical Study of Blood and Cerebrospinal Fluid of the New-Born: III. On the Contents of Inorganic Phosphor , J. Orient. Med. (Abstr. Sect.) 29:80, 1938. 14. Polio; Facts You Should Know, The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. 15. Dauer, C. C.: Trends in Age Distribution of Poliomyelitis in the United States , Am. J. Hyg. 48:133-146, 1948. 16. Dehn, H. M.: Age Incidence of Poliomyelitis in Cleveland , Pediatrics 1:83-89, 1948. 17. Horton, R. J. M., and Rubenstein, A. D.: Age Distribution of Poliomyelitis in Massachusetts , New England J. Med. 239:169-172, 1948. 18. Yankauer, A., Jr., and Goldberg, H. P.: Age Distribution of Poliomyelitis in New York City in Relation to Previous Epidemics , Am. J. Pub. Health 38:1683-1687, 1948. 19. Fischer, A. E., and Stillerman, M.: Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis in New York in 1935: A Review of 686 Cases , Am. J. Dis. Child. 54:984-1004, 1937. 20. Legg, A. T.: Analysis of the 1935 Epidemic of Infantile Paralysis in Massachusetts , New England J. Med. 217:507-511, 1937. 21. Stuck, W. G., and Loiselle, A. O.: The 1942 San Antonio Poliomyelitis Epidemic , J. A. M. A. 122:853-855, 1943. 22. Bohls, S. W., and Irons, J. V.: Report on 1943 Outbreak of Poliomyelitis , Texas J. Med. 40:412-417, 1944. 23. McLendon, P. A.; Wall, J. S.; Anderson, W. S.; Hand, F. M., and Todd, R. H.: 1944 Poliomyelitis Epidemic: Analysis of Cases Seen at Children's Hospital, Washington, D. C. , M. Ann. District of Columbia 14:287-293, 1945. 24. Geiger, J. C.: Poliomyelitis in San Francisco , California Med. 65:53-55, 1946. 25. Roper, L. J.: Observations on the 1944 Epidemic of Poliomyelitis in Virginia , South M. J. 39:344-352, 1946.Crossref 26. Anderson, J. A.; Holley, E. B.; Kitto, W., and Thouin, P.: Infantile Paralysis in the State of Utah in 1945 , Rocky Mountain M. J. 44:602-613, 1947. 27. Grulee, C. G., Jr., and Panos, T. C.: Epidemic Poliomyelitis in Children: Clinical Study, with Special Reference to Symptoms and Management of Bulbar Polioencephalitis , Am. J. Dis. Child. 75:24-39, 1948.Crossref 28. Geiger, J. C.: Poliomyelitis in San Francisco, 1948 , Am. J. Pub. Health 39:1567-1570, 1949. 29. Shutkin, N. M.: Statistical Survey of Cases of Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis , Arch. Phys. Med. 30:455-458, 1949. 30. Benjamin, B., and Taylor, I.: The Sex-Incidence of Poliomyelitis , Lancet 2:689-690, 1951.Crossref 31. Weinstein, L.; Aycock, W. L., and Feemster, R. F.: Relation of Sex, Pregnancy and Menstruation to Susceptibility in Poliomyelitis , New England J. Med. 245:54-58, 1951.Crossref 32. Nicholls, E. E.: Poliomyelitis: A Study of 320 Cases , Pennsylvania M. J. 53:1278-1282, 1950. 33. Nicholls, E. E.: Incidence of a Normal Spinal Fluid in Acute Poliomyelitis , J. Pediat. 37:894-898, 1950.Crossref 34. Ytrehus, K.: Etterundersøkelse av pasienter innlagt for poliomyelitt; feildiagnostiserte og aparalytiske tilfelle , Tidsskr. norske lægefor. 72:589-590, 1952. 35. Levinson, S. O.: Early Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis Without an Increase of Cells in the Spinal Fluid , J. Pediat. 1:337-345, 1932.Crossref 36. Andelman, M. B.; Fishbein, W. I.; Casey, A. E., and Bundesen, H. N.: Spinal Fluid Protein in the Retrospective Diagnosis of Subclinical Poliomyelitis , South. M. J. 39:706-718, 1946.Crossref 37. Odessky, L.; Rascoff, H.; Schiff, I.; Sands, I. J.; Warshall, H. B.; Spielsinger, D.; Riesenberg, J. A., and Schapiro, F. M.: Therapeutic Doses of Gamma Globulin and Adjunctive Therapy in Acute Poliomyelitis: Therapy Directed at the Central Nervous System, to be published. 38. Rissler, J.: Zur Kenntniss der Veränderungen des Nervensystems bei Poliomyelitis anterior acuta , Nord. med. Ark. 20:1-63, 1888. 39. Savini-Castano, T., and Savini, E.: Zur Kenntniss der pathologischen Anatomie und der Pathogenese eines unter dem Bilde der aufsteigenden Landry'schen Paralyse verlaufenden Falles von Poliomyelitis acuta beim Kinde , Arch. Psychiat. 45:642-682, 1909.Crossref 40. Bodian, D.: The Virus, the Nerve Cell, and Paralysis: A Study of Experimental Poliomyelitis in the Spinal Cord , Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 83:1-108, 1948. 41. Hassin, G. B.: A Note on the Comparative Histopathology of Acute Anterior Poliomyelitis and Epidemic Encephalitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 11:28-42, 1924. 42. Blanton, W. B.: An Anatomical Study of 15 Cases of Acute Poliomyelitis , J. M. Res. 31:1-18, 1917. 43. Luhan, J. A.: Epidemic Poliomyelitis: Some Pathologic Observations on Human Material , Arch. Path. 42:245-260, 1946. 44. Neubuerger, K. T.: Bulbar Poliomyelitis: Pathologic Aspects, Report of First International Poliomyelitis Conference , Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1949, pp. 237-240. 45. Baker, A. B.: Bulbar Poliomyelitis: Its Mechanism and Treatment , Am. J. Med. 6:614-619, 1949. 46. Wickman, I.: Acute Poliomyelitis , New York, Nervous and Mental Disease Monograph Series, No. 16, 1913, p. 135. 47. Craw, C. H.: Changes in the Motor Nerve Cells in Poliomyelitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 25:1315-1323, 1931. 48. Barnhart, M.; Rhines, R.; McCarter, J. C., and Magoun, H. W.: Distribution of Lesions of the Brain Stem in Poliomyelitis , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 59:368-377, 1948. 49. Bodian, D.: Poliomyelitis: Neuropathologic Observations in Relation to Motor Symptoms , J. A. M. A. 134:1148-1154, 1947. 50. Peers, J. H., and Lillie, R. D.: Topographic Pathology of the Cerebral Lesions of Acute Poliomyelitis in Man: I. The Medulla Oblongata , Am. J. Path. 25:725-739, 1949. 51. Alexander, L., and Myerson, A.: Minerals in Normal and in Pathologic Brain Tissue, Studied by Microincineration and Spectroscopy , Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 39:131-149, 1938. 52. Broman, T.: Permeability of the Cerebrospinal Vessels in Normal and Pathological Conditions , Copenhagen, Ejnar Munksgaards Forlag, 1949. 53. Bakay, L., and Lindberg, O.: Studies on the Role of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in Brain Metabolism as Measured with Radioactive Phosphate , Acta physiol. scandinav. 17:179-190, 1949. 54. Sacks, J., and Culbreth, G. G.: Phosphate Transport and Turnover in the Brain , Am. J. Physiol. 165:251-256, 1951. 55. Adams, J. E.: Tracer Studies with Radioactive Phosphorus (P32); on the Absorption of Cerebrospinal Fluid and the Problem of Hydrocephalus , J. Neurosurg. 8:279-288, 1951. 56. Maass, L., and Adams, J. E.: Absorption of the Cerebrospinal Fluid: Studies with Radioactive Phosphorus (P32) , S. Forum (1951) , pp. 369-375, 1952. 57. Odessky, L.; Bedo, A. V.; Rosenblatt, P.; Jennings, K. G.; Sands, I. J.; Weisler, H., and Newman, B.: Therapeutic Doses of Gamma Globulin in the Treatment of Measles Encephalitis and Encephalomyelitis: II. Cerebrospinal Fluid and Serum Studies in Measles Encephalitis and Encephalomyelitis with Special Reference to Phosphorus, Cholesterol, and Magnesium , J. Pediat. 43:695-708, 1953. 58. Bodansky, M., and Bodansky, O.: Biochemistry of Disease , New York, The Macmillan Company, 1952. 59. Merritt, H. H., and Bauer, W.: Equilibrium Between Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Plasma: III. Distribution of Calcium and Phosphorus Between Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Serum , J. Biol. Chem. 90:215-232, 1931. 60. Anderson, J. A.; Gemzell, C.; Gemzell, L.; Bolin, V. S., and Samuels, L. T.: Influence of Lansing Virus Infection on Phosphorus Metabolism of Monkey Brain Tissue , Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med. 73:690-691, 1950. 61. Kabat, H.: Changes in Acid-Soluble Phosphorus Compounds in the Brain in Poliomyelitis , Science 99:63, 1944. 62. Bodian, D., and Mellors, R. C.: Decrease of Phosphocreatine in Regenerating Neurons , J. Biol. Chem. 167:655-661, 1947. 63. Odessky, L.; Rosenblatt, P.; Loeffler, J. G., and Landau, L.: Inorganic Phosphorus in Cerebrospinal Fluid in Mumps Meningoencephalitis , Am. J. Clin. Path. 24:35-38, 1954. 64. Odessky, L., and Rosenblatt, P.: Cerebrospinal Fluid Inorganic Phosphorus in Normal Individuals and in Those with Central Nervous System Complications Due to Virus , Tr. Am. Neurol. A. , pp. 255-257, 1953. 65. Katzenelbogen, S.: Cerebrospinal Fluid and Its Relation to the Blood , Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1935. 66. Merritt, H. H., and Fremont-Smith, F.: The Cerebrospinal Fluid , Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders Company, 1937. 67. Sposito, M.: Gli elettroliti del liquor cerebrospinale nella uremia, nel tetano ed in varie sindromi neurologiche e psichiche , Arch. "E. Maragliano" pat. e clin. 5:771-777, 1950.

Journal

A.M.A. Archives of Neurology & PsychiatryAmerican Medical Association

Published: Mar 1, 1955

References

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