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CARDIOSPASM IN THE NEW-BORN INFANT

CARDIOSPASM IN THE NEW-BORN INFANT Severe vomiting in the new-born infant is usually of grave portent, suggestive of a serious underlying pathologic process. The recognition of definite cardiospasm in three such cases has prompted an investigation of this unusual condition, as its detection in the new-born infant has hitherto not elicited comment. Cardiospasm is defined as a spasm of the smooth muscle fibers surrounding the cardiac orifice, resulting in partial or complete occlusion of the lower end of the esophagus. It is therefore a functional disturbance of neurotic origin, causing failure of the lower end of the esophagus to consummate the act of deglutition. The earliest description of cardiospasm was given by von Ziemssen and Zenker in 1824. In 1833 Hannay applied the name "idiopathic dilatation of the oesophagus" to the condition, but in 1882 Mikulicz considered that the obstruction was due to simple spasm at the cardiac orifice; he applied to the spasm the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American journal of diseases of children American Medical Association

CARDIOSPASM IN THE NEW-BORN INFANT

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1929 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.
ISSN
0096-8994
eISSN
1538-3628
DOI
10.1001/archpedi.1929.01930120061005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Severe vomiting in the new-born infant is usually of grave portent, suggestive of a serious underlying pathologic process. The recognition of definite cardiospasm in three such cases has prompted an investigation of this unusual condition, as its detection in the new-born infant has hitherto not elicited comment. Cardiospasm is defined as a spasm of the smooth muscle fibers surrounding the cardiac orifice, resulting in partial or complete occlusion of the lower end of the esophagus. It is therefore a functional disturbance of neurotic origin, causing failure of the lower end of the esophagus to consummate the act of deglutition. The earliest description of cardiospasm was given by von Ziemssen and Zenker in 1824. In 1833 Hannay applied the name "idiopathic dilatation of the oesophagus" to the condition, but in 1882 Mikulicz considered that the obstruction was due to simple spasm at the cardiac orifice; he applied to the spasm the

Journal

American journal of diseases of childrenAmerican Medical Association

Published: Dec 1, 1929

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