Abstract OPPOSING views regarding the sustained use of nasotracheal intubation versus tracheostomy can be resolved by limiting use of the former to short periods of time (less than 72 hours) to prevent permanent complications, laryngeal disability, or tracheal disability. When a mechanical airway is needed for longer periods or in the presence of laryngeal or tracheal infection or both, tracheostomy is preferable. Complications following the use of nasotracheal intubation were more frequent and more severe in infants and young children. Continued search for a method of diagnosis of early bronchogenic carcinoma when roentgen findings were absent was directed toward improving cytologic methods of diagnosis, particularly with bronchoscopic aid. Increased interest in the management of esophageal strictures resulting both from caustic stenosis and lower esophageal web generally favored various methods of dilatation to surgical treatment. Congenital Anomalies.—In a study of 1,200 bronchograms, 20 major and 105 minor anomalies were found. References 1. Atwell, S.W.: Major Anomalies of TracheoBronchial Tree , Dis Chest 52:611-616 ( (Nov) ) 1967.Crossref 2. Booth, J.B., and Berry, C.L.: Unilateral Pulmonary Agenesis , Arch Dis Child 42:361-374 ( (Aug) ) 1967.Crossref 3. Lynn, R.B., and Takita, H.: Tracheal Papilloma , Canad Med Assoc J 97:1354-1357 ( (Nov 25) ) 1967. 4. Flege, J.B., Jr.: Tracheoesophageal Fistula Caused by Cuffed Tracheostomy Tube , Ann Surg 166:153-156 ( (July) ) 1967.Crossref 5. Jenkins, A.V.: Electrocardiographic Findings During Bronchoscopy: The Apnoeic Oxygenation Technique , Anaesthesia 21:449-456 ( (Oct) ) 1966.Crossref 6. Dickson, J.A.S.: "Swallowed" Endotracheal Tube: A New Neonatal Emergency , Brit Med J 2:811-812 ( (June 24) ) 1967.Crossref 7. Kuner, J., and Goldman, A.: Prolonged Nasotracheal Intubation in Adults Versus Tracheostomy , Dis Chest 51:270-274 ( (March) ) 1967.Crossref 8. Fearon, B., et al: Airway Problems in Children Following Prolonged Endotracheal Intubation , Ann Otol 75:975-986 ( (Dec) ) 1966. 9. Davies, G.M.: Lymph-Casts of the Bronchi , Brit J Dis Chest 61:45-49 ( (Jan) ) 1967.Crossref 10. Uragoda, C.G.: Broncholithiasis Secondary to Intrapleural Calcification , Brit Med J 2:1635-1636 ( (Dec 31) ) 1966.Crossref 11. Price, C.G.: Endobronchial Problems in Primary Tuberculosis in Childhood , Med J Aust 2:445-448 ( (Sept 2) ) 1967. 12. Gleason, I.O.; Tildon, T.T.; and Rosen, V.J.: Ectopic Thyroid Tissue Causing Bronchial Obstruction , Ann Thorac Surg 3:151-153 ( (Feb) ) 1967.Crossref 13. Baldwin, J.N., and Grimes, O.F.: Bronchial Adenomas , Surg Gynec Obstet 124:813-818 ( (April) ) 1967. 14. Pearson, F.G.; Thompson, D.W.; and Delarue, N.C.: Experience With the Cytologic Detection, Localization, and Treatment of Radiographically Undemonstrable Bronchial Carcinoma , J Thorac Cardiov Surg 43:371-382 ( (Sept) ) 1967. 15. Fennessy, J.J.: Bronchial Brushing in the Diagnosis of Peripheral Lung Lesions , Amer J Roentgen 98:474-481 ( (Oct) ) 1966.Crossref 16. Huizinga, E.: Cancer of the Lung and Bronchography , Eye Ear Nose Throat Monthly 47:10-16 ( (Jan) ) 1968. 17. Daniels, A.C.; Conner, G.H.; and Straus, F.H.: Primary Chondrosarcoma of the Tracheobronchial Tree: Report of a Unique Case and Brief Review , Arch Path 84:615-624 ( (Dec) ) 1967. 18. Som, M.L., and Deitel, M.: Carcinoma in a Large Pharyngo-esophageal Diverticulum , Arch Surg 94:35-38 ( (Jan) ) 1967.Crossref 19. Friedland, G.W., et al: Debatable Points in the Anatomy of the Lower Esophagus , Thorax 21:487-498 ( (Nov) ) 1966.Crossref 20. Anderson, H.N., et al: The Lower Esophageal Intrinsic Sphincter and the Mechanism of Reflux , Ann Surg 166:102-108 ( (July) ) 1967.Crossref 21. Foroozan, P., et al: Loss and Regeneration of the Esophageal Mucosa in Pemphigoid , Gastroenterology 52:548-558 ( (March) ) 1967. 22. Postlethwait, R.W., and Sealy, W.C.: Experiences With the Treatment of 59 Patients With Lower Esophageal Web , Ann Surg 165:786-796 ( (May) ) 1967.Crossref 23. Gleich, J.G.; Mongan, E.S.; and Vaules, D.W.: Esophageal Stricture Following Chloral Hydrate Poisoning , JAMA 201:266-267 ( (July 24) ) 1967.Crossref 24. Emerson, E.B., Jr.: Teflon Esophageal Dilators for Children , J Thorac Cardiov Surg 52:579-580 ( (Oct) ) 1966. 25. Fell, S.C.; Becker, N.H.; and Hurwitt, E.S.: The Effect of Intraluminal Splinting in the Prevention of Caustic Stricture of the Esophagus , J Thorac Surg 52:675-681 ( (Nov) ) 1966. 26. Barbary, A.S.; Badrawy, R.; and Fouad, H.: The Use of "Indwelling Catheter" in Strictures of the Esophagus , Laryngoscope 76:1562-1571 ( (Sept) ) 1966.Crossref 27. Putnam, T.C.: Placement of an Esophageal String for Retrograde Dilatation , Surg Gynec Obstet 124:840-841 ( (April) ) 1967. 28. 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Archives of Otolaryngology – American Medical Association
Published: Jul 1, 1968
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