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Bronchiogenic Cysts: Presentation of a Case and Review of the Literature

Bronchiogenic Cysts: Presentation of a Case and Review of the Literature Abstract BRONCHIOGENIC CYSTS are clinically rare, often fatal, and seldom mentioned in the otolaryngologic literature. The following terms are found to signify the same pathological lesion: (1) mediastinal cysts, (2) congenital ciliated columnar epithelial cysts of the mediastinum, (3) extrabronchial cysts, (4) thoracic cysts, (5) bronchogenic cysts, and (6) reduplication cysts of the respiratory tract. Congenital cystic disease, a cyst of and within the lung tissue, is not to be confused with the above entity. Embryology, Pathology, and Classification The esophagus, trachea, and bronchi arise from the foregut. The anterior aspect of the foregut forms the laryngotracheal ridge. The cephalic portion of the laryngotracheal ridge forms the larynx, and the caudal portion forms the trachea and lung buds.The esophagus arises from the posterior aspect of the foregut. As the esophagus develops, it becomes filled with many proliferating cells. These cells, which are often ciliated and columnar, develop fenestrations which References 1. Stout, A.P., and Lattis, R.: Tumors of the Esophagus , section 5, fascicle 20, Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1957. 2. Schulenberger, H.G.: Tumors of the Mediastinum , section 5, fascicle 18, Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1951. 3. Maier, H.C.: Bronchogenic Cysts , Ann Surg 127:476, 1948.Crossref 4. Lyons, H.A.; Calvy, G.L.; and Sammons, B.P.: The Diagnosis and Classification of Mediastinal Masses , Ann Intern Med 51:897 ( (Nov) ) 1959.Crossref 5. Thomsen, J., and Forfar, J.O.: Regional Obstructive Emphysema in Infancy , Arch Dis Child 33:97 ( (April) ) 1958.Crossref 6. Nelson, T.Y.: Tension Emphysema in Infants , Arch Dis Child 32:38 ( (Feb) ) 1957.Crossref 7. Dewsbury, P.: Surgical Treatment of Cystic Disease and Emphysema in Young Children , Brit J Surg 42:601 ( (May) ) 1955.Crossref 8. Opsahl, T., and Berman, E.J.: Bronchogenic Mediastinal Cysts in Infants: Case Report and Review of Literature , Pediatrics 30:372 ( (Sept) ) 1962. 9. Holinger, P.H., and Johnston, K.C.: Clinical Aspects of the Trachea and Bronchi , Dis Chest 31:613 ( (June) ) 1957.Crossref http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Otolaryngology American Medical Association

Bronchiogenic Cysts: Presentation of a Case and Review of the Literature

Archives of Otolaryngology , Volume 84 (3) – Sep 1, 1966

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Publisher
American Medical Association
Copyright
Copyright © 1966 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0003-9977
DOI
10.1001/archotol.1966.00760030348017
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract BRONCHIOGENIC CYSTS are clinically rare, often fatal, and seldom mentioned in the otolaryngologic literature. The following terms are found to signify the same pathological lesion: (1) mediastinal cysts, (2) congenital ciliated columnar epithelial cysts of the mediastinum, (3) extrabronchial cysts, (4) thoracic cysts, (5) bronchogenic cysts, and (6) reduplication cysts of the respiratory tract. Congenital cystic disease, a cyst of and within the lung tissue, is not to be confused with the above entity. Embryology, Pathology, and Classification The esophagus, trachea, and bronchi arise from the foregut. The anterior aspect of the foregut forms the laryngotracheal ridge. The cephalic portion of the laryngotracheal ridge forms the larynx, and the caudal portion forms the trachea and lung buds.The esophagus arises from the posterior aspect of the foregut. As the esophagus develops, it becomes filled with many proliferating cells. These cells, which are often ciliated and columnar, develop fenestrations which References 1. Stout, A.P., and Lattis, R.: Tumors of the Esophagus , section 5, fascicle 20, Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1957. 2. Schulenberger, H.G.: Tumors of the Mediastinum , section 5, fascicle 18, Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1951. 3. Maier, H.C.: Bronchogenic Cysts , Ann Surg 127:476, 1948.Crossref 4. Lyons, H.A.; Calvy, G.L.; and Sammons, B.P.: The Diagnosis and Classification of Mediastinal Masses , Ann Intern Med 51:897 ( (Nov) ) 1959.Crossref 5. Thomsen, J., and Forfar, J.O.: Regional Obstructive Emphysema in Infancy , Arch Dis Child 33:97 ( (April) ) 1958.Crossref 6. Nelson, T.Y.: Tension Emphysema in Infants , Arch Dis Child 32:38 ( (Feb) ) 1957.Crossref 7. Dewsbury, P.: Surgical Treatment of Cystic Disease and Emphysema in Young Children , Brit J Surg 42:601 ( (May) ) 1955.Crossref 8. Opsahl, T., and Berman, E.J.: Bronchogenic Mediastinal Cysts in Infants: Case Report and Review of Literature , Pediatrics 30:372 ( (Sept) ) 1962. 9. Holinger, P.H., and Johnston, K.C.: Clinical Aspects of the Trachea and Bronchi , Dis Chest 31:613 ( (June) ) 1957.Crossref

Journal

Archives of OtolaryngologyAmerican Medical Association

Published: Sep 1, 1966

References