Abstract Introduction Authors whose work is too extensive to summarize here have dealt with the problem of how the threshold of hearing changes when the stimulus tone is made shorter and shorter. Much is also known about the effect of tone duration upon loudness (of which the threshold is a limiting case). We now have access to copious, though not complete, data on loudness and on threshold as affected by frequency, band width, intensity, duration, and repetition rate, much of it from the recent papers of Garner.2,3Perhaps the major point of theoretical interest in this general area is how and under what conditions the ear integrates energy. In other terms, whether, for any given set of conditions, all the energy present in a stimulus over any period of time is utilized by the ear, or whether some part of that energy is wasted. Energy is wasted if it does References 1. Eisenberg, R. B.: A Study of the Auditory Threshold in Normal and in Hearing-Impaired Persons, with Special Reference to the Factors of the Duration of the Stimulus and Its Sound Pressure Level, Ph.D. Thesis, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1956. 2. Garner, W. R.: The Effect of Frequency Spectrum on Temporal Integration in the Ear , J. Acoust. Soc. America 19:805-815, 1947. 3. Garner, W. R.: The Loudness of Repeated Short Tones , J. Acoust. Soc. America 20:513-527, 1948.Crossref 4. Harris, J. D.: A Brief Critical Review of Loudness Recruitment , Psychol. Bull. 50:190-203, 1953.Crossref 5. Harris, J. D., and Rawnsley, A. I.: The Locus of Short Duration Auditory Fatigue or "Adaptation," J. Exper. Psychol. 46:457-461, 1953.Crossref 6. Jerger, J. F.: The Influence of Stimulus Duration on the Pure-Tone Threshold During Recovery from Auditory Fatigue , J. Acoust. Soc. America 27:121-124, 1955.Crossref 7. Lüscher, E., and Zwislocki, J.: Adaptation des Ohres an Schallreize als Mass für die Lautstärkeempfindung und die Erregungsverteilung im Cortischen Organ , Acta oto-laryng. 37:498-508, 1949.Crossref 8. De Maré, G.: Audiometrische Untersuchungen , Acta oto-laryng. 31:1-173, 1939. 9. Miskolczy-Fodor, F.: Monaural Loudness-Balance Test and Determination of Recruitment-Degree with Short Sound-Impulses , Acta oto-laryng. 43:573-595, 1953.Crossref 10. Miskolczy-Fodor, F.: The Relation between Hearing Loss and Recruitment and Its Practical Employment in the Determination of Receptive Hearing Loss , Acta oto-laryng. 46:409-415, 1956.Crossref 11. Perdoncini, G.: Duration: A New Parameter in Audiology , Acta oto-rhino-laryng. belg. 8:236-239, 1954.
A.M.A. Archives of Otolaryngology – American Medical Association
Published: Jun 1, 1958
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